|Nom:||Royal Kram NS/RKM/0506/011 on Promulgation of the Fisheries Law.|
|Type de loi:||Loi|
|Entry into force:|
|Bibliographie:||Legislation on-line Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FOA), FAOLEX PDF of Law in English - Unofficial Translation (consulté le 2013-06-14)
|Résumé/Citation:||The purpose of this Law is to ensure the management of fisheries and fishery resources, to boost development of aquaculture, and production and processing of aquaculture products.
The Law consists of 17 Chapters divided into 109 articles: General provisions (1); Fishery administration (2); Fishery domains (3); Sustainability of fishery management (4); Fishery protection and conservation (5); Management of mangroves and inundated forests (6); Management of fishery exploitation (7); Inland fishery exploitation (8); Marine fishery exploitation (9); Aquaculture management (10); Fishery communities (11); Transport and trade of fishery products (12); Licensing (13); Procedures for solving fishery offences (14); Penalties (15); Enforcement of the court judgement (16); and Final provisions (17).
Fishery resources shall include freshwater and marine organisms, which comprise living or non-living aquatic animals and plants such as molluscs, corals, amphibians, aquatic insects, aquatic reptiles, aquatic mammals, which are born and live in mangroves and inundated forest areas.
The Fishery Administration shall be the government authority under the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries which shall have the duty to manage fisheries and fishery resources in line with national fishery policies and provisions of this Law. The Fishery Administration shall develop a National Fishery Management Plan which shall be amended every 5 years and shall reflect the following principles: conservation of fishery resources; elimination of over-fishing; minimizing the degree of pollutants within the fishery domains; protection of the biodiversity and inland and marine environment; development of fish markets, processing industry and fishing ports; etc.
The Law classifies three types of fishing gear: small-scale family fishing gear to be used in protected fishery domains and family-scale fishing areas for subsistence purpose only; middle-scale fishing gear to be used in fishery domains or in marine fishery areas; and industrial fishing gear to be used only in fishing lots of inland fishery domains or marine fishery domains.
The Law further provides for the following matters: classification of Protected and Conservation Areas of Fishery Resources important for the sustainability of fishery resources; fishing licences; conditions to be followed for inland and marine fishery exploitation; permitted aquaculture and mariculture operations; licences for the commercial transportation, import and export of fishery products; etc.