|Name:||Maritime Zones Act 2010 (No. 18 of 2010).|
|Type of legislation:||Law, Act|
|Entry into force:|
|Bibliography:||Legislation on-line Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAOLEX) PDF of Act (consulted on 2015-06-30)
|Abstract/Citation:||This Act defines the internal waters, territorial sea, contiguous zone, exclusive economic zone and continental shelf of Guyana, defines the boundaries of those maritime zones and defines jurisdiction and rights of Guyana in respect of those zones. The Act also concerns, among other things, marine research, mariculture and protection of the marine environment.
Guyana, in the exercise of its sovereignty, has exclusive to the territorial sea subject to international law and the Law of the Sea Convention. The Act provides rules for innocent passage, defines non-innocent passage and provides for measures in case of non-innocent passage. Transport of hazardous waste (including radioactive material) requires an authorization of the Minister responsible for the environment. Further Regulations may be made in this respect.
Guyana shall have the right to explore and exploit natural resources in the EEZ. Any other person may only do so under a written agreement with the government of Guyana. The President may designate areas of the EEZ for special purposes and make provision with respect to, among other things, natural resources and protection of the marine environment. The Minister may by Order declare an area within the territorial sea and the contiguous zone to be known as the maritime cultural area. Establishment of an eco-tourism or a marine park and reserve or a mariculture operation shall require a permit of the Minister (who may also establish such areas) and operations in such areas or mariculture operations shall not have negative effects on marine species.
The Minister of Foreign Affairs in consultation with the Minister responsible for the environment may make Regulations for the protection and preservation of the marine environment and may make other Regulations for purposes of this Act.
Repeals the Maritime Boundaries Act, 1977.