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Name: Prohibition of Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act (No. 25 of 2013).
Country: India
Subject(s): Equality of opportunity and treatment; Specific categories of workers
Type of legislation: Law, Act
Adopted on: 2013-09-18
Entry into force:
Published on: The Gazette of India: Extraordinary, 2013-09-19, Part II, No. 35, 15 pages (PDF of Act)
ISN: IND-2013-L-94017
Bibliography: The Gazette of India: Extraordinary, 2013-09-19, Part II, No. 35, 15 pages PDF of Act PDF of Act
Printed Separately, 2013 PDF of Bill PDF of Bill
Legislation on-line Legislation on-line India Code, Legislative Department, National Informatics Centre, Ministry of Communication and Information Technology, India PDF of Act PDF of Act (consulted on 2014-07-18)
Abstract/Citation: The Act prohibits manual scavenging and the manual cleaning of sewers and septic tanks without protective equipment as well as the the construction of insanitary latrines. Any one who violates the provisions of the Act by employing manual scavengers or failing to demolish insanitary latrines is liable to imprisonment of 1-2 years, and fine of Rs 50,000 - Rs 1 lakh. Anyone who employs a persons for hazardous cleaning of septic tanks and sewers is liable to imprisonment of 2-5 years and/or fine of Rs 2- 5 lakh.
The Act also provides for the rehabilitation of persons identified as manual scavengers, and their families, including the provision of scholarships to children, housing, training and financial assistance.
The provisions of this Act shall have effect notwithstanding anything inconsistent therewith contained in the Employment of Manual Scavengers and Construction of Dry Latrines (Prohibition) Act, 1993 or in any other law, or in any instrument having effect by virtue of any other law.
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