|Name:||Law on Forestry, 2007.|
|Type of legislation:||Law, Act|
|Entry into force:|
|Bibliography:||Legislation on-line FAOLEX (Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations) PDF of Law in English (consulted on 2012-09-06)
|Abstract/Citation:||The purpose of this law is to regulate the relations arising from protection, possession, sustainable use, restoration and reproduction of forests in Mongolia. Forest resources are a state property under the sole authority of the people. A forest planted by a citizen on the land in his/her ownership or possession, or by a partnership, economic entity or an organization on the land in their possession, using their own means, can become their property in a manner prescribed by law. Possession of forest resources and reserves shall be granted in the following manner: (a) by the central government authority on nature and environment to aimag, capital city, soum and duureg; (b) soum or duureg Hural of Citizen Representatives, based on the proposal of bagh or khoroo General Meeting, shall place a parcel of the forest reserve in the possession of a partnership, economic entity or organization on the basis of a contract specifying the duration, conditions and criteria of such possession. The aforesaid contract may be concluded for an initial period of 1 year for the purpose of ensuring adequate preparations, and further extended every 10 years for a total period of 60 years. The forest reserve shall be classified as follows: (a) protected forest zone; and (b) utilization forest zone. Forest inventory and forest organization shall be undertaken every 10 years for purpose of a nationwide re-assessment of the size and condition of the forest reserve. The protected forest zone shall comprise sub-tundra forests, forests in Special Protected Areas and those designated for training and research, green belts, restricted forest belts, saxaul and oasis forests, groves and bush stands of up to 100 hectares of area and forests on slopes over and above 30 degrees. Forest protection measures shall include activities aimed at fire, pest infestation and disease prevention and control, protection from adverse effects of human activities, ensuring the normal growth and reproduction of forests, and preserving the forest gene pool. The following activities shall be prohibited: (a) cutting or damaging forests of up to the 5th age category, young trees of all species, and all fruit-bearing trees and shrubs such as Siberian fir, rhamnus, Asiatic poplar, elaeagnus, cornel, tamarisk, Siberian alder, mountain ash, sea-buckthorn and bird-cherry; (b) cutting and utilizing cedar, spruce and elm without permission by the Central Government Authority; (c) logging by way of clearfelling; (d) hay-making in a forest reserve area without explicit permission; (e) logging or animal grazing on forest plantations; and logging, extraction of non-timber resources and hunting by citizens, partnerships, economic entities and organizations without explicit permission.
Repeals the 1995 Law on Forestry.