||Law No. 7 of 1982 on the protection of the environment.
||Environmental, Climate and Sustainable Development Laws
|Type of legislation:
|Entry into force:
||Law on-line in Arabic FAO Lex, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations PDF (DOC.NORMES) (consulted on 2010-04-19)
||This Law consists of 11 Chapters divided into 75 articles. Chapter I contains general provisions. Protection of the air is dealt in Chapter II. Protection of seas and marine resources is given in Chapter III. Protection of water resources is provided for in Chapter IV. Protection of food and foodstuffs is refered to in Chapter V. Chapter VI deals with environment saving. Chapter VII addresses the protection against common diseases. Chapter VIII relates to the protection of soil and plants. Protection of wildlife is given in Chapter IX. Transitional provisions are contained in Chapter X. Offences and penalties are given in Chapter XI. This Law provides for the protection of the environment from pollution including air, water, soil and food (art. 2). All concerned authorities shall adopt all best ways and methods for the protection of the environment (art. 6). Article 7 establishes the Technical Centre for the Protection of the Environment with the competence to lay down plans and programmes related to environment, environment protection, cooperation with international organizations in removing the causes of pollution, issuing permits, updating international agreements and treaties concerning environment, and to EIA. The Centre shall have the right to inspect concerned agencies and offices (art. 8). Article 17 provides for the control on the emission of smog generated by vehicles. Fishing gear and fishing methods, definition of meshes, and protected species are specified in articles 19-21. Provisions on pollution caused by ships and by oil are defined in articles 22 and 23. Concerned authorities shall define the list of ports for receiving waste disposal (art. 28). The Control Guide shall have the right to inspect ships (art. 32). It shall be prohibited to throw or drain waste and radioactivity materials in the sea (arts. 34-37).