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Name: Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act. Public Law 100-418 (H.R. 3).
Country: United States of America
Subject(s): Economic and social policy; Freedom of association, collective bargaining and industrial relations; Employment security, termination of employment; Education, vocational guidance and training
Type of legislation: Law, Act
Adopted on: 1988-08-23
Entry into force:
Published on: U.S. Code Congressional and Administrative News, 1988-10-11, No. 7, p. 102 STAT. 1107
ISN: USA-1988-L-7253
Bibliography: U.S. Code Congressional and Administrative News, 1988-10-11, No. 7, p. 102 STAT. 1107
Abstract/Citation: Amends the legislation on trade and related matters by, inter alia, requiring the United States Trade Representative to retaliate against certain trade practices by raising tariffs on the offending country's goods. The definition of unreasonable practices subject to retaliation has been expanded to include a persistent pattern of violating internationally accepted workers' rights. A new procedure (described as a "super 301 procedure") has been established for examining allegations of such practices (Title I, Subtitle C, Part 1). Title III, Subtitle B enacts the International Debt Management Act of 1988. In addition, the principal Act extends the eligility of workers displaced from their jobs on account of imports to receive retraining assistance under the Trade Adjustment Act of 1974 (Title I, Subtitle D, Part 3). This training has been transformed into an entitlement programme no longer necessitating annual funding. The new legislation also sets up a trial project to pay a supplemental allowance to workers who take new jobs that pay less than their previous posts. Finally, in Title VI, Subtitle D of this Act, it contains the Economic Dislocation and Worker Adjustment Assistance Act, which amends Title III of the Job Training Partnership Act (LS 1982-USA 1). The present Act also includes a number of measures to promote education, including literacy and vocational training.
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