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Nigeria (246) > General provisions (96)

Name: Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999 (No. 24 of 1999).
Country: Nigeria
Subject(s): Constitutional law
Type of legislation: Constitution
Adopted on: 1999-05-05
Entry into force:
Published on: Official Gazette, Extraordinary, 1999-05-05, Vol. 86, No. 27, pp. A855-1104
ISN: NGA-1999-C-54097
Bibliography: Official Gazette, Extraordinary, 1999-05-05, Vol. 86, No. 27, pp. A855-1104
Constitutions of the Countries of the World, 2011-09, [Consitution as amended to 2010], Oxford University Press, New York, USA, 187 p.
Act on-line Act on-line International Centre for Nigerian Law in association with The Chambers of E.C.M. Obata, Nigeria PDF PDF (consulted on 2005-08-10)
Legislation on-line Legislation on-line The House of Representatives, National Assembly, Nigeria PDF of Constitution PDF of Constitution (consulted on 2011-08-24)
Abstract/Citation: Re-promulgates the Constitution of 1979, with amendments, as the new Constitution of Nigeria. Art. 2 provides that no person or group shall govern Nigeria except in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution. The executive power shall rest with the President, and the legislature shall be the National Assembly, which shall consist of the Senate and the House of Representatives. Judicial powers shall reside with the Supreme Court, the Courts of Appeal, Federal High Courts, High Courts of State, and Shariah and Customary Courts. Art. 15 prohibits discrimination on the grounds of origin, sex, religion, status, ethnic or linguistic association. This Article also sets forth as duties of the State the encouragement of inter-marriage among persons of different ethnic backgounds and the promotion of associations across ethnic and cultural boundaries. Art. 17 further provides for protection against discrimination, and provides for the principle of equal pay for equal work, the protection of children and young people against exploitation, and the protection of heatlh, safety, and welfare of persons in employment. Chapter Four enumerates fundamental rights. Prohibits slavery, forced labour, and torture, and provides for the right to liberty, fair hearing, private and family life, and freedom from discrimination, freedom of thought, freedom of expression, and freedom of association (Art. 40). Chapter VIII provides for the declaration of a state of emergency under certain circumstances. The Constitution also covers local governments, public funds, elections, public servants, and citizenship.
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