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Original name: พระราชบัญญัติ คุ้มครองแรงงาน พ.ศ.๒๕๔๑
Name: Labour Protection Act, B.E. 2541 [1998].
Country: Thailand
Subject(s): Labour codes, general labour and employment acts; Occupational safety and health
Type of legislation: Law, Act
Adopted on: 1998-02-12
Entry into force:
Published on: Government Gazette (English translation), 1998-03, Vol. 52, No. 3, 43 p.
ISN: THA-1998-L-49727
Bibliography: Government Gazette (English translation), 1998-03, Vol. 52, No. 3, 43 p.
Act on-line Act on-line www.thailaws.com, Thailand PDF PDF (consulted on 2010-02-15)
Legislation on-line Legislation on-line Department of Labour Protection and Welfare, Thailand PDF of Act in English as amended to LPA No. 4, 2010 PDF of Act in English as amended to LPA No. 4, 2010 (consulted on 2017-02-03)
Legislation on-line Legislation on-line Ministry of Labour, Government of Thailand PDF of Act in Thai PDF of Act in Thai (consulted on 2018-11-09)
Abstract/Citation: Replaces the Revolutionary Council Announcement No. 103 of 1972 to provide for comprehensive labour legislation. Chapter 1 contains general provisions which include the obligation of an employer to treat male and female workers equally. This Chapter also prohibits sexual harassment (of women and children) and covers termination of employment. Chapter 2 concerns the general use of labour, providing for hours of work, holidays, overtime, rest periods, and "sterilization" leave. Chapter 3 regards female labour and prohibits female labour in underground mines, on scaffolds over 10 meters, or with explosives; this Chapter also prohibits certain activities for pregnant women, including night work. Pregnant women shall receive 90 days maternity leave and may not be dismissed due to their pregnancy. Chapter 4 concerns child labour; a child is defined as a person under 15 years of age. Children employees under the age of 18 shall be registered and shall not perform night work and other specified tasks (e.g. work with radiation, poisons, heavy machinery, or in mines). Chapter 5 provides for wage, overtime, and holiday pay. Chapter 6 establishes a Wages Committee to fix minimum wages. A Welfare Committee is established by Chapter 7. Chapter 8 concerns occupational safety and health, creates a Work Safety, Occupational Hygiene and Environmental Conditions Committee, and provides for labour inspection. Chapter 9 covers work discipline and requires employers with ten or more employees to promulgate work rules. This Chapter also sets forth requirements regarding documentation of workers. Chapter 10 provides for suspension from work; Chapter 11 for compensation payments; Chapter 12 for submissions of petitions; Chapter 13 for the Employees Assistance Fund; Chapter 14 for the duties of the Labour Inspection Officer; Chapter 15 for sending of documents; and Chapter 16 for penalties. Regulations promulgated under Annoucement No. 103 shall continue in force unless they are in contradiction to this Act.
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