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SINGAPORE

EMPLOYMENT ACT

(CHAPTER 91), 1970 Ed. Cap. 122, Reprint 1981, 1985 Ed.

Act 17 of 1968, Amended by 19 of 1971, 28 of 1972, 41 of 1973, 46 of 1975, 33 of 1980, 21 of 1984, 21 of 1988, 15 of 1995, 36 of 1995, S 324/80, S 475/90


ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS

PART I - PRELIMINARY

1. Short title.
2. Interpretation.
3. Appointment of officers.
4. Rules and orders.
5. Minister may restrict application.
6. Existing law not affected.
7. Invalidity of contract of service.

PART II - CONTRACTS OF SERVICE

8. Illegal terms of contract of service.
9. Termination of contract.
10. Notice of termination of contract.
11. Termination of contract without notice.
12. Contractual age.
13. When contract deemed to be broken by employer and employee.
14. Misconduct of employee.
15. Termination by employee threatened by danger.
16. Liability on breach of contract.
17. Contract of service not to restrict rights of employees to join, participate in or organise trade unions.
18. Change of employer.
18A. Transfer of employment.
19. Offence.

PART III - PAYMENT OF SALARY

20. Fixation of salary period.
20A. Computation of salary for incomplete month's work.
21. Time of payment.
22. Payment on dismissal or termination by employer.
23. Payment on termination by employee.
24. Income tax clearance.
25. Payment to be made during working hours.
26. No unauthorised deductions to be made.
27. Authorised deductions.
28. Deductions for absence.
29. Deductions for damages or loss.
30. Deductions for accommodation, amenity and service.
31. Recovery of advances and loans.
32. Deductions not to exceed 50% of salary.
33. Priority of salary to other debts.
34. Offence.

PART IV - REST DAYS, HOURS OF WORK, HOLIDAYS AND OTHER CONDITIONS OF SERVICE

35. Application of Part IV to workmen and certain other employees.
36. Rest day.
37. Work on rest day.
38. Hours of work.
39. Task work.
40. Shift workers, etc.
41. Interpretation of "week" for purposes of sections 36, 38 and 40.
41A. Power to exempt.
42. Holidays.
43. Annual leave.
44. Sick leave.
45. Payment of retrenchment benefit.
46. Retirement benefit.
47. Priority of retirement benefits, etc.
48. Payment of annual wage supplement or other variable payment.
49. Power of Minister to make recommendations for wage adjustments.
50. Interpretation for purposes of sections 48 and 49.
51. (Repealed).
52. Power to suspend application of Part IV.
53. Offence.

PART V - TRUCK SYSTEM

54. Agreements to pay salary otherwise than in legal tender illegal.
55. Agreements as to place and manner, etc., of spending salary illegal.
56. Salary to be paid entirely in legal tender.
57. Recovery of salary not paid in legal tender.
58. Interest on advances forbidden.
59. Remuneration other than salary.
60. Shops and canteens.
61. Offence.
62. Proceedings may be taken against actual offender.
63. Payment of salary through bank.
64. Limitations on application of Part V.

PART VI - CONTRACTORS AND CONTRACTING

65. Liability of principals, contractors and subcontractors for salary of workman.
66. Registration of contractors and subcontractors.

PART VIA - PART-TIME EMPLOYEES

66A. Part-time employees.
66B. Minister may exclude or modify Act in relation to part-time employees.

PART VII - DOMESTIC WORKERS

67. Minister may apply Act to domestic workers.

PART VIII - EMPLOYMENT OF CHILDREN AND YOUNG PERSONS

68. Restriction on employment of children.
69. Restriction on employment of young persons.
70. Conditions of employment.
71. Minimum rates of salary may be prescribed.
72. Approved employment.
73. Regulations regulating employment.
74. Offence.
75. Power of Juvenile Court in respect of children or young persons requiring care or protection.

PART IX - MATERNITY PROTECTION AND BENEFITS

76. Length of benefit period.
77. Payments to include holidays.
78. When payment is to be made.
79. Payment of benefit on death of female employee before confinement.
80. Notice of confinement.
81. Dismissal during absence prohibited.
82. Employment after confinement.
83. Forfeiture of payment.
84. Right to benefit unaffected by notice of dismissal in specified circumstances.
85. Claim from one employer only.
86. Contracting out.
87. Offence.

PART X - EMPLOYMENT EXCHANGE

88. Employment exchange.
89. Only citizens to be registered.
90. Control of employment.

PART XI - HEALTH, ACCOMMODATION AND MEDICAL CARE

91. Duty to provide proper quarters and sanitary arrangements.
92. Buildings to conform with requirements of law.
93. First-aid equipment.
94. Offence.

PART XII - REGISTERS, RETURNS AND OTHER DOCUMENTARY REQUIREMENTS

95. Register of employees.
96. Record of workmen.
97. Returns.
98. Commissioner may call for further returns.
99. Power to call for returns, books, etc.
100. Service of requisitions.
101. Offence.
102. Returns not to be published or disclosed.

PART XIII - INSPECTION AND ENQUIRY

103. Inspections and enquiries.
104. Notice to employer by Commissioner or inspecting officer of inspection or visit.
105. Powers of Commissioner and inspecting officer.
106. Inspecting officer not to reveal secrets.
107. Offence.

PART XIV - GENERAL

107A. Calculation of gross and basic rates of pay of employee employed on monthly rate or piece rates.
108. Wrongful detention of employee.
109. Employee not answerable for debt, default or miscarriage of another.
110. Obstruction of employee by employer.
111. Punishment for obstruction.
112. Penalties.
113. Penalty for fraudulently inducing employee to emigrate.
113A. Offence by body corporate.
114. Power to compound offences.

PART XV - CLAIMS, COMPLAINTS AND INVESTIGATIONS INTO OFFENCES

115. Commissioner's power to inquire into complaints.
116. Prohibiting order by Commissioner to third party.
117. Right of appeal.
118. Fees and enforcement of orders.
119. Procedure for making and hearing claims.
120. Representation before Commissioner.
121. Joining of claims.
122. Jurisdiction of courts not affected.
123. Employee's remedy when employer about to abscond.
124. Investigations of complaints and offences.
125. Procedure after inquiry.
126. Costs of proceedings.

PART XVI -PROCEDURE AND REGULATIONS

127. Officers to be public servants.
128. Place of employment deemed to be public place.
129. Jurisdiction of Magistrates' and District Courts.
130. Right to hearing.
131. Onus of proof.
132. Civil proceedings not barred.
133. Power to deal with evidence taken down by another officer.
134. Application of fines.
135. Imprisonment to be in discharge of fine, compensation, etc.
136. Recovery of money as fines.
137. Service of summons.
138. Power to make reciprocal provisions with Malaysia for the service, execution and enforcement of summonses, warrants and orders.
139. Power to make regulations.
140. Power to amend First and Second Schedules.

First Schedule - Workmen.
Second Schedule - Registration fee.
Third Schedule - Calculation of gross and basic rates of pay of an employee employed on a monthly rate or on piece rates.


An Act relating to employment.
[15th August 1968]

PART I - PRELIMINARY

1. This Act may be cited as the Employment Act.

2. In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires -

"approved hospital" means a hospital which the Minister, by notification in the Gazette, declares as an approved hospital;

"basic rate of pay" means the total amount of money (including wage adjustments and increments) to which an employee is entitled under his contract of service either for working for a period of time, that is, for one hour, one day, one week, one month or for such other period as may be stated or implied in his contract of service, or for each completed piece or task of work but does not include -

"child" means a person who has not completed his 14th year of age;

"collective agreement" means an agreement as defined under the Industrial Relations Act;

"confinement" means the delivery of a child;

"constructional contractor" means any person, firm, corporation or company who or which is established for the purpose of undertaking, either exclusively or in addition to or in conjunction with any other business, any type of constructional work, and who or which is carrying out the constructional work for or on behalf of some other person under a contract entered into by him or them with such other person, and includes his or their heirs, executors, administrators, assigns and successors;

"constructional work" means any building and civil engineering work and includes repair, maintenance, alteration and demolition work;

"contract of service" means any agreement, whether in writing or oral, express or implied, whereby one person agrees to employ another as an employee and that other agrees to serve his employer as an employee and includes an apprenticeship contract or agreement;

"contractor" means any person who contracts with a principal to supply labour or to carry out the whole or any part of any work undertaken by the principal in the course of or for the purposes of the principal's trade or business;

"day" means a period of 24 hours beginning at midnight;

"dependant" means any of the following members of an employee's family, namely, wife, husband, father, mother, child and any adopted or illegitimate child living with or dependent on him;

"domestic worker" means any house, stable or garden servant or motor car driver, employed in or in connection with the domestic services of any private premises;

"employee" means a person who has entered into or works under a contract of service with an employer and includes a workman and any officer or employee of the Government included in a category, class or description of such officers or employees declared by the President to be employees for the purposes of this Act or any Part or section thereof; but does not include any seaman, domestic worker, or any person employed in a managerial, executive or confidential position or any person belonging to any other class of persons whom the Minister may, from time to time by notification in the Gazette, declare not to be employees for the purposes of this Act;

"employer" means any person who employs another person under a contract of service and includes -

"employment exchange" means any Government employment exchange under the control of the Commissioner for Labour;

"gross rate of pay" means the total amount of money including allowances to which an employee is entitled under his contract of service either for working for a period of time, that is, for one hour, one day, one week, one month or for such other period as may be stated or implied in his contract of service, or for each completed piece or task of work but does not include -

"hours of work" means the time during which an employee is at the disposal of the employer and is not free to dispose of his own time and movements exclusive of any intervals allowed for rest and meals;

"industrial undertaking" means public and private undertakings and any branch thereof and includes particularly -

"inspecting officer" means any person appointed as an inspecting officer under section 3 (2);

"machinery" includes all oil engines, gas engines, steam engines and any other machines in which mechanical movement, either linear or rotated or both, takes place, steam boilers, gas cylinders, air receivers, steam receivers, steam containers, cast iron under-fired vulcanizers, refrigerating plants, pressure receivers, all appliances for the transmission of power by ropes, belts, chains, driving straps or bands or gearing, electrical generators and electrical motors;

"medical officer" means a dentist registered under the Dentists Act, or a medical practitioner, employed by the Government or by an approved hospital;

"medical practitioner" means a medical practitioner registered under the Medical Registration Act;

"overtime" means the number of hours worked in any one day or in any one week in excess of the limits specified in Part IV;

"place of employment" means any place provided by the employer where work is carried on, for or on behalf of an employer, by an employee;

"principal" means any person who, in the course of or for the purposes of his trade or business, contracts with a contractor for the supply of labour or for the execution by the contractor of the whole or any part of any work undertaken by the principal;

"productivity incentive payment" means a variable payment, whether made annually or otherwise, to an employee as a reward for -

"quarters" means any building provided or intended to be provided for a workman to live in either temporarily or permanently and includes any room or building used or intended to be used whether communally or privately for the purposes of cooking, eating, washing or bathing and any latrines and urinals;

"salary" means all remuneration including allowances payable to an employee in respect of work done under his contract of service, but does not include -

"subcontractor" means any person who contracts with a contractor for the supply of labour or for the execution by the subcontractor of the whole or any part of any work undertaken by the contractor for his principal, and includes any person who contracts with a subcontractor to supply labour or to carry out the whole or any part of any work undertaken by the subcontractor for a contractor;

"subcontractor for labour" means any person who contracts with a contractor or subcontractor to supply the labour required for the execution of the whole or any part of any work a contractor or subcontractor has contracted to carry out for a principal or contractor, as the case may be;

"wages" means salary;

"week" means a continuous period of 7 days;

"workman" means -

"young person" means any person who has completed his 14th year of age but who has not completed his 16th year of age.

3. - (1) The Minister may appoint an officer to be styled the Commissioner for Labour (referred to in this Act as the Commissioner) and also one or more officers to be styled Deputy Commissioner for Labour, Principal Assistant Commissioner for Labour or Assistant Commissioner for Labour, who, subject to such limitations as may be prescribed, may perform all duties imposed and exercise all powers conferred on the Commissioner by this Act, and every duty so performed and power so exercised shall be deemed to have been duly performed and exercised for the purposes of this Act.

(2) The Minister may appoint such number of inspecting officers and other officers as he may consider necessary or expedient for the purposes of this Act.

4. The Minister may from time to time make rules and orders for the conduct of the duties of officers under this Act.

5. The Minister may, by notification in the Gazette, declare that this Act or any Part or provisions thereof shall not apply to any premises or class of premises specified in the notification.

6. Nothing in this Act shall operate to relieve any employer of any duty or liability imposed upon him by the provisions of any other written law for the time being in force or to limit any powers given to any public officer by any other written law.

7. Any variation of any agreement or contract of service which was in force on 15th August 1968 to provide for the salary payable to an employee to be separated into ordinary salary and overtime payments shall be illegal, null and void.

 

PART II - CONTRACTS OF SERVICE

8. Every term of a contract of service whether made before or after 15th August 1968 which provides a condition of service which is less favourable to an employee than any of the conditions of service prescribed by this Act shall be illegal, null and void to the extent that it is so less favourable.

9. - (1) A contract of service for a specified piece of work or for a specified period of time shall, unless otherwise terminated in accordance with the provisions of this Part, terminate when the work specified in the contract is completed or the period of time for which the contract was made has expired.

(2) A contract of service for an unspecified period of time shall be deemed to run until terminated by either party in accordance with the provisions of this Part.

10. - (1) Either party to a contract of service may at any time give to the other party notice of his intention to terminate the contract of service.

(2) The length of such notice shall be the same for both employer and employee and shall be determined by any provision made for the notice in the terms of the contract of service, or, in the absence of such provision, shall be in accordance with subsection (3).

(3) The notice to terminate the service of a person who is employed under a contract of service shall be not less than -

(4) This section shall not be taken to prevent either party from waiving his right to notice on any occasion.

(5) Such notice shall be written and may be given at any time, and the day on which the notice is given shall be included in the period of the notice.

11. - (1) Either party to a contract of service may terminate the contract of service without notice or, if notice has already been given in accordance with section 10, without waiting for the expiry of that notice, by paying to the other party a sum equal to the amount of salary at the gross rate of pay which would have accrued to the employee during the period of the notice and in the case of a monthly-rated employee where the period of the notice is less than a month, the amount payable for any one day shall be the gross rate of pay for one day's work.

(2) Either party to a contract of service may terminate the contract of service without notice in the event of any wilful breach by the other party of a condition of the contract of service.

12. - (1) Notwithstanding anything in any other written law, a person below the age of 21 years shall, subject to the provisions of this Act, be competent to enter into a contract of service.

(2) No contract of service as an employee shall be enforceable against a person below the age of 21 years and no damages or indemnity shall be recoverable from that person in respect of the contract of service unless it is for his benefit.

13. - (1) An employer shall be deemed to have broken his contract of service with the employee if he fails to pay salary in accordance with Part III.

(2) An employee shall be deemed to have broken his contract of service with the employer if he has been continuously absent from work for more than 2 days -

14. - (1) An employer may after due inquiry dismiss without notice an employee employed by him on the grounds of misconduct inconsistent with the fulfilment of the express or implied conditions of his service except that instead of dismissing an employee an employer may -

(2) Notwithstanding subsection (1), where an employee considers that he has been dismissed without just cause or excuse by his employer, he may, within one month of the dismissal, make representations in writing to the Minister to be reinstated in his former employment.

(3) The Minister may, before making a decision on any such representations, by writing under his hand request the Commissioner to inquire into the dismissal and report whether in his opinion the dismissal is without just cause or excuse.

(4) If, after considering the report made by the Commissioner under subsection (3), the Minister is satisfied that the employee has been dismissed without just cause or excuse, he may, notwithstanding any rule of law or agreement to the contrary -

(5) The decision of the Minister on any representation made under this section shall be final and conclusive and shall not be challenged in any court.

(6) Any direction of the Minister under subsection (4) shall operate as a bar to any action for damages by the employee in any court in respect of the wrongful dismissal.

(7) An employer who fails to comply with the direction of the Minister under subsection (4) shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $5,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months or to both.

(7A) Where any amount to be paid by an employer under subsection (4) is not paid in accordance with the direction of the Minister and the employer has been convicted of an offence under subsection (7), the amount or so much thereof as remains unpaid shall be recoverable by the court as if it were a fine and the amount so recoverable shall be paid to the employee entitled to payment under the direction of the Minister.

(8) For the purpose of an inquiry under subsection (1), the employer may suspend the employee from work for a period not exceeding one week but shall pay him not less than half his salary for such period.

(9) If the inquiry does not disclose any misconduct on the part of the employee, the employer shall forthwith restore to the employee the full amount of the salary so withheld.

15. An employee may terminate his contract of service with his employer without notice where he or his dependant is immediately threatened by danger to the person by violence or disease such as the employee did not by his contract of service undertake to run.

16. Subject to anything in the contract of service to the contrary, the party who breaks the contract of service shall be liable to pay to the other party a sum equal to the amount he would have been liable to pay under section 11 had he terminated the contract of service without notice or with insufficient notice.

17. Subject to any other written law for the time being in force, nothing in any contract of service shall in any way restrict the right of any employee who is a party to such contract -

18. - (1) If by or under any written law, whether enacted before or after 15th August 1968, a contract of employment between any body corporate and an employee is modified and some other body corporate is substituted as the employer, the employee's period of employment at the time when the modification takes effect shall count as a period of employment with such other body corporate and the change of employer shall not break the continuity of the period of employment.

(2) If on the death of an employer the employee is taken into the employment of the personal representatives or trustees of the deceased, the employee's period of employment at the time of the death shall count as a period of employment with the employer's personal representatives or trustees, and the death of the employer shall not break the continuity of the period of employment.

(3) If there is a change in the partners, personal representatives or trustees who employ any person, the employee's period of employment at the time of the change shall count as a period of employment with the partners, personal representatives or trustees after the change, and the change shall not break the continuity of the period of employment.

18A. - (1) If an undertaking (whether or not it is an undertaking established by or under any written law) or part thereof is transferred from one person to another -

(a) such transfer shall not operate to terminate the contract of service of any person employed by the transferor in the undertaking or part transferred but such contract of service shall have effect after the transfer as if originally made between the person so employed and the transferee; and

(b) the period of employment of an employee in the undertaking or part transferred at the time of transfer shall count as a period of employment with the transferee, and the transfer shall not break the continuity of the period of employment.

(2) Without prejudice to subsection (1), on completion of a transfer referred to in that subsection -

(3) On the completion of a transfer referred to in subsection (1), it is hereby declared for the avoidance of doubt that the terms and conditions of service of an employee whose contract of service is preserved under that subsection shall be the same as those enjoyed by him immediately prior to the transfer.

(4) Subsections (1) and (2) shall not transfer or otherwise affect the liability of any person to be prosecuted for, convicted of and sentenced for any offence.

(5) As soon as it is reasonable and before a transfer under subsection (1) takes place, to enable consultations to take place between the transferor and the affected employees and between the transferor and a trade union of affected employees (if any), the transferor shall notify the affected employees and the trade union of affected employees (if any) of -

(6) As soon as it is reasonable, the transferee shall give the transferor such information so as to enable the transferor to perform the duty imposed on him by virtue of subsection (5) (c).

(7) Where the Commissioner considers that there has been an inordinate delay -

(a) by the transferor in notifying the affected employees or a trade union of affected employees of the matters set out in subsection (5); or

(b) by the transferee in notifying the transferor of the information set out in subsection (6), the Commissioner may, by notice in writing, direct the transferor to comply with subsection (5) or the transferee to comply with subsection (6), as the case may be, within such time as may be specified in the notice.

(8) Where, immediately before a transfer referred to in subsection (1), a trade union is recognised by the transferor for the purposes of the Industrial Relations Act in respect of any employee who in consequence of the transfer becomes the employee of the transferee, the trade union shall, after the transfer -

(9) A dispute or disagreement between the transferor and an employee or the transferee and an employee arising from a transfer under subsection (1), whether before or after the transfer, may be referred by a party to the dispute or disagreement to the Commissioner under section 115 and shall be deemed to be a dispute to which that section applies.

(10) Where a dispute or disagreement has been referred to the Commissioner pursuant to subsection (9), the Commissioner shall, in addition to the powers conferred under section 115, have the powers -

(11) The Minister may make such regulations as he considers necessary or expedient to give effect to the provisions of this section and, in particular, may make regulations -

(12) Nothing in this section shall prevent a transferee of an undertaking referred to in subsection (1) and an employee whose contract of service is preserved under that subsection or a trade union representing such an employee from negotiating for and agreeing to terms of service different from those contained in the contract of service that is preserved under that subsection.

(13) In this section -

"affected employee" means any employee of the transferor who may be affected by a transfer under subsection (1) or may be affected by the measures taken in connection with such a transfer;

"trade union" means a trade union which has been -

"transfer" includes the disposition of a business as a going concern and a transfer effected by sale, amalgamation, merger, reconstruction or operation of law;

"undertaking" includes any trade or business.

19. Any employer who enters into a contract of service or collective agreement contrary to the provisions of this Part shall be guilty of an offence.

 

PART III - PAYMENT OF SALARY

20. - (1) An employer may fix periods, which for the purpose of this Act shall be called salary periods, in respect of which salary earned shall be payable.

(2) No salary period shall exceed one month.

(3) In the absence of a salary period so fixed the salary period shall be deemed to be one month.

20A. - (1) If a monthly-rated employee has not completed a whole month of service because -

the salary due to him for that month shall be calculated in accordance with the following formula:

Monthly gross rate of pay   X Number of days on which the employee is required to work in that month  
Number of days the employee actually worked in that month.

(2) In calculating the number of days actually worked by an employee in a month under subsection (1), any day on which an employee is required to work for 5 hours or less under his contract of service shall be regarded as half a day.

21. - (1) Salary earned by an employee under a contract of service, other than additional payments for overtime work, shall be paid before the expiry of the 7th day after the last day of the salary period in respect of which the salary is payable.

(2) Additional payments for overtime work shall be paid not later than 14 days after the last day of the salary period during which the overtime work was performed.

(3) The total salary due to an employee on completion of his contract of service shall be paid to him on completion of the contract.

22. Subject to the provisions of this Act, the total salary and any sum due to an employee who has been dismissed or whose contract of service is terminated by his employer shall be paid on the day of dismissal or termination, as the case may be, or, if this is not possible, within 3 days thereafter, not being a rest day or public or other holiday.

23. - (1) Subject to the provisions of this Act, the total salary due to an employee who terminates his contract of service with his employer under section 11 or after giving due notice to the employer as required under section 10 shall be paid to him on the day on which the contract of service is terminated.

(2) Subject to the provisions of this Act, the total salary due to an employee who terminates his contract of service without giving prior notice to his employer as required under section 10, or, if notice has already been given under that section, but the employee terminates his contract of service without waiting for the expiry of the notice, shall be paid to him before the expiry of the 7th day after the day on which he terminates his contract of service.

(3) The employer may, subject to any order made by a court or the Commissioner to the contrary, deduct from the salary due to the employee such sum as the employee is liable to pay in lieu of prior notice under section 11 (1).

24. - (1) Notwithstanding sections 22 and 23, no payment of salary or any other sum due to an employee on dismissal or termination of service shall be made to the employee by the employer without the permission of the Comptroller of Income Tax under section 68 (7) of the Income Tax Act.

(2) The employer shall forthwith give notice of the dismissal or termination of service to the Comptroller of Income Tax and the payment of the salary or other sum due to the employee shall not be delayed more than 30 days after such notice has been given to and received by the Comptroller of Income Tax.

25. - (1) Payment of salary shall be made on a working day and during working hours at the place of work or at any other place agreed to between the employer and the employee.

(2) Subsection (1) shall not apply where the salary is paid into an account with a bank in Singapore, being an account in the name of the employee or an account in the name of the employee jointly with one or more other persons.

26. No deductions other than deductions authorised under the provisions of this Act shall be made by an employer from the salary of an employee unless they are required to be made by order of a court or other authority competent to make such order.

27. - (1) The following deductions may be made from the salary of an employee:

(2) For the purposes of subsection (1) (e), "services" does not include the supply of tools and raw materials required for the purposes of employment.

28. - (1) Deductions may be made under section 27 (1) (a) only on account of the absence of an employee from the place where, by the terms of his employment, he is required to work, the absence being for the whole or any part of the period during which he is so required to work.

(2) The amount of any deduction referred to in subsection (1) shall in no case bear to the salary payable at the gross rate of pay to the employee in respect of the salary period for which the deduction is made a larger proportion than the period for which he was absent bears to the total period, within such salary period, during which he was required to work by the terms of his employment, and in the case of a monthly-rated employee the amount of deduction in respect of any one day shall be the gross rate of pay for one day's work.

(3) If any employee absents himself from work otherwise than as provided by this Act or by his contract of service, the employer may, subject to any order which may be made by a court or by the Commissioner on complaint of either party, deduct from any salary due to the employee the cost of food supplied to him during his absence.

29. - (1) A deduction under section 27 (1) (b) shall not exceed the amount of the damages or loss caused to the employer by the neglect or default of the employee and except with the permission of the Commissioner shall in no case exceed one-quarter of one month's wages and shall not be made until the employee has been given an opportunity of showing cause against the deduction.

(2) All such deductions and all realisations thereof shall be recorded in a register to be kept by the employer in such form as may be prescribed.

30. A deduction under section 27 (1) (d) or (e) shall not be made from the salary of an employee unless the house accommodation, amenity or service has been accepted by him, as a term of employment or otherwise, and the deduction shall not exceed an amount equivalent to the value of the house accommodation, amenity or service supplied and, in the case of a deduction under section 27 (1) (e), shall be subject to such conditions as the Commissioner may impose.

31. - (1) The recovery of an advance of money made to an employee before the commencement of a contract of service shall begin from the first payment of salary in respect of a completed salary period, but no recovery shall be made of any such advance made for travelling expenses.

(2) Advances may be recovered in instalments by deductions from salary spread over not more than 12 months.

(3) No instalment under subsection (2) shall exceed one-quarter of the salary due for the salary period in respect of which the deduction is made.

(4) Loans may be recovered in instalments by deductions from salary.

(5) No instalment under subsection (4) shall exceed one-quarter of the salary due for the salary period in respect of which the deduction is made.

32. - (1) The total amount of all deductions made from the salary of an employee by an employer in any one salary period, other than deductions under section 27 (1) (a), (f), (g) or (j), shall not exceed 50% of the salary payable to the employee in respect of that period.

(2) Subsection (1) shall not apply to deductions made from the last salary due to an employee on termination of his contract of service or on completion of his contract of service.

33. - (1) This section shall apply to all workmen and to other employees who are in receipt of a salary not exceeding $1,600 a month (excluding overtime payments, bonus payments, annual wage supplements, productivity incentive payments and any allowance however described) or such other amount as may be prescribed by the Minister.

(2) When, on the application of a person holding a mortgage, charge or lien or of a person who has obtained a judgment or decree, the property of an employer is sold, or any money due to the employer is garnished, the court ordering the sale or garnishment shall not distribute the proceeds of the sale or the money to the person entitled thereto unless the court has ascertained and paid the salary due to all employees employed by that employer and to all employees engaged by a contractor or subcontractor and working for that employer.

(3) This section shall only apply -

(4) The amount payable to each such employee under subsection (2) shall not exceed 5 months' salary.

(5) For the purpose of ascertaining the amount due to any employee under subsection (2), the court may refer the matter to the Commissioner with a request that he holds an inquiry into the matter and forward his findings in respect thereof to the court, and the Commissioner shall comply with any such request.

(6) For the purposes of any inquiry under subsection (5), the Commissioner shall have all the powers conferred upon him by section 115.

(7) For the purposes of this section, "employees" shall be deemed to include subcontractors for labour and "salary" shall be deemed to include money due to a subcontractor for labour.

34. Any employer failing to pay salary in accordance with the provisions of this Part shall be guilty of an offence.

 

PART IV - REST DAYS, HOURS OF WORK, HOLIDAYS AND OTHER CONDITIONS OF SERVICE

35. The provisions of this Part shall apply -

36. - (1) Every employee shall be allowed in each week a rest day without pay of one whole day which shall be Sunday or such other day as may be determined from time to time by the employer.

(2) The employer may substitute any continuous period of 30 hours as a rest day for an employee engaged in shift work.

(3) Where in any week a continuous period of 30 hours commencing at any time before 6 p.m. on a Sunday is substituted as a rest day for an employee engaged in shift work, such rest day shall be deemed to have been granted within the week notwithstanding that the period of 30 hours ends after the week.

(4) Where the rest day of an employee is determined by his employer, the employer shall prepare or cause to be prepared a roster before the commencement of the month in which the rest days fall informing the employee of the days appointed to be his rest days therein.

37. - (1) Subject to section 38 (2), no employee shall be compelled to work on a rest day unless he is engaged in work which by reason of its nature requires to be carried on continuously by a succession of shifts.

(1A) In the event of any dispute the Commissioner shall have power to decide whether or not an employee is engaged in work which by reason of its nature requires to be carried on continuously by a succession of shifts.

(2) An employee who at his own request works for an employer on a rest day shall be paid for that day -

(3) An employee who at the request of his employer works on a rest day shall be paid for that day -

(3A) In this section -

(4) Subsection (3) shall not apply to any employee who is employed by the Government or a statutory body in any of the essential services as defined under Part III of the Criminal Law (Temporary Provisions) Act, but any such employee who at the request of his employer works on a rest day or part thereof shall be given a day or part of a day off, as the case may be, in substitution for such a rest day or part thereof.

38. - (1) Except as hereinafter provided, an employee shall not be required under his contract of service to work -

Provided that -

(2) An employee may be required by his employer to exceed the limit of hours prescribed in subsection (1) and to work on a rest day, in the case of -

(3) In the event of any dispute the Commissioner shall have power to decide whether or not the employer is justified in calling upon the employee to work in the circumstances specified in subsection (2) (f).

(4) If an employee at the request of the employer works -

(5) An employee shall not be permitted to work overtime for more than 72 hours a month.

(6) For the purpose of calculating the payment due for overtime to an employee, the employee's hourly basic rate of pay shall be taken to be -

(7) The Minister may make regulations for the purpose of calculating the payment due for overtime to an employee employed on piece rates.

(8) Except in the circumstances described in subsection (2) (a), (b), (c), (d) and (e), no employee shall under any circumstances work for more than 12 hours in any one day.

(9) This section shall not apply to employees engaged in the fire services or in work which by its nature involves long hours of inactive or stand-by employment.

39. Nothing in this Part shall prevent any employer from agreeing with any employee that the salary of the employee shall be paid at an agreed rate in accordance with the task, that is, the specific amount of work required to be performed, and not by the day or by the piece.

40. - (1) Notwithstanding section 38 (1), an employee who is engaged under his contract of service in regular shift work or who has otherwise consented in writing to work in accordance with the hours of work specified in this section may be required to work more than 6 consecutive hours, more than 8 hours in any one day or more than 44 hours in any one week but the average number of hours worked over any continuous period of 3 weeks shall not exceed 44 hours per week.

(2) No consent given by an employee under this section shall be valid unless this section and section 38 have been explained to the employee and the employee has been informed of the times at which the hours of work begin and end, the number of working days in each week and the weekly rest day.

(3) No employee to whom this section applies shall under any circumstances work for more than 12 hours in any one day.

(4) Section 38 (4) shall not apply to any employee to whom this section applies, but any such employee who at the request of his employer works more than an average of 44 hours per week over any continuous period of 3 weeks shall be paid for such extra work in accordance with section 38 (4).

41. For the purposes of sections 36, 38 and 40, "week" shall mean a continuous period of 7 days commencing at midnight on Sunday.

41A. - (1) The Minister may, after considering the operational needs of the employer and the health and safety of the employee or class of employees, by order in writing exempt an employee or any class of employees from sections 38 (1), (5) and (8) and 40 (3) subject to such conditions as the Minister thinks fit.

(2) Where the Minister exempts an employee or any class of employees from section 38 (1), (5) or (8) or 40 (3), the employer shall display the order or a copy thereof conspicuously in the place where the employee or class of employees are employed.

42. - (1) Every employee shall be entitled to a paid holiday at his gross rate of pay on such of the days specified in the Schedule to the Holidays Act as fall during the time that he is employed:

Provided that -

(2) Notwithstanding subsection (1), no employee shall be entitled to holiday pay for any holiday which falls on a day when the employee is on leave of absence without pay granted by the employer at the request of the employee.

(3) An employee who absents himself from work on the working day immediately preceding or immediately succeeding a holiday or any day substituted therefor under subsection (1) without the prior consent of his employer or without reasonable excuse shall not be entitled to any holiday pay for that holiday.

(4) Notwithstanding subsection (1), any employee may be required by his employer to work on any holiday to which he would otherwise be entitled under that subsection and in such event he shall be paid an extra day's salary at the basic rate of pay for one day's work in addition to the gross rate of pay for that day and to a travelling allowance, if payable to him under the terms of his agreement with his employer, for one day.

(5) No employee shall be entitled under subsection (4) to receive double any housing allowance or food allowance.

(6) Subsection (4) shall not apply to an employee who is employed by the Government or a statutory body in any of the essential services as defined under Part III of the Criminal Law (Temporary Provisions) Act, but any such employee may notwithstanding subsection (1) be required by his employer to work on a holiday or part thereof to which he would otherwise be entitled under that subsection, and in any such case he shall be given a day or part of a day off, as the case may be, in substitution for the holiday or part thereof.

(7) For the purposes of this section if any such holiday falls on a half working day, the gross or basic rate of pay payable shall be that of a full working day.

43. - (1) An employee who has served an employer for a period of not less than 3 months shall be entitled to paid annual leave of 7 days in respect of the first 12 months of continuous service with the same employer and an additional one day's annual leave for every subsequent 12 months of continuous service with the same employer subject to a maximum of 14 days of such leave which shall be in addition to the rest days, holidays and sick leave to which the employee is entitled under sections 36, 42 and 44, respectively.

(2) An employee who has served an employer for a period of not less than 3 months but who has not completed 12 months of continuous service in any year shall be entitled to annual leave in proportion to the number of completed months of service in that year.

(3) In calculating the proportionate annual leave under subsection (2), any fraction of a day which is less than one-half of a day shall be disregarded and where the fraction of the day is one-half or more it shall be regarded as one day.

(4) Where an employee is granted leave of absence without pay by the employer at the request of the employee, the period of the leave shall be disregarded for the purpose of computing continuous service under this section.

(5) An employee shall forfeit his entitlement to annual leave if he absents himself from work without the permission of the employer or without reasonable excuse for more than 20% of the working days in the months or year, as the case may be, in which his entitlement to such leave accrues.

(6) The employer shall grant and the employee shall take such leave not later than 12 months after the end of every 12 months continuous service and any employee who fails to take that leave by the end of such period shall thereupon cease to be entitled thereto.

(7) The employer shall pay the employee his gross rate of pay for every day of such leave and if an employee has been dismissed otherwise than for misconduct before he has taken that leave, the employer shall pay the employee his gross rate of pay in respect of every day of that leave.

(8) The Minister may, by notification in the Gazette, fix the periods when and prescribe the manner in which annual leave shall be granted to employees in different types of employment or in different classes of industries.

44. - (1) Any employee who has served an employer for a period of not less than 6 months shall, after examination at the expense of the employer by a medical practitioner appointed by the employer or, if no such medical practitioner is appointed, by a medical officer, be entitled to such paid sick leave not exceeding in the aggregate -

(1A) Notwithstanding subsection (1), if an employee is hospitalised for less than 46 days in any one year, his entitlement to paid sick leave for that year shall not exceed the aggregate of 14 days plus the number of days on which he is hospitalised.

(2) If an employee is certified by the medical practitioner or medical officer to be ill enough to need to be hospitalised but is not hospitalised for any reason whatsoever, the employee shall be deemed to be hospitalised for the purposes of this section.

(3) An employee who absents himself on sick leave -

(4) The employer shall pay the employee for every day of such sick leave -

(4A) Notwithstanding subsection (4), no employee shall be entitled to paid sick leave on a rest day or on a holiday to which he is entitled under section 36 or 42 or on any day of paid annual leave or on a day when he is not required to work under his contract of service or on a day when he is on leave of absence without pay granted by the employer at his request.

(5) No employee shall be entitled to paid sick leave for the period during which he is receiving compensation for temporary incapacity under paragraph 4 of the Third Schedule to the Workmen's Compensation Act.

45. No employee who has been in continuous service with an employer for less than 3 years shall be entitled to any retrenchment benefit on the termination of his service by the employer on the ground of redundancy or by reason of any reorganisation of the employer's profession, business, trade or work.

46. No employee who has been in continuous service with an employer for less than 5 years shall be entitled to any retirement benefit other than the sums payable under the Central Provident Fund Act on the cessation of his service with the employer.

47. - (1) Where a collective agreement or an award contains a provision for the payment of a gratuity or other sum of money to an employee on his retirement or on the termination of his services under such circumstances as may be provided for in the collective agreement or award, the gratuity or other sum of money which is due and owing to the employee shall be included among -

(2) Where a collective agreement or an award, whether made before or after 3rd December 1971, contains a provision for the payment of a gratuity or other sum of money to an employee on his retirement and no provision is made for the payment of a gratuity or other sum of money on the termination of the employee's services by reason of his employer ceasing to carry on business for whatever reason, or by reason of the employer transferring the whole or part of his undertaking or property, as the case may be, every such collective agreement or award shall, notwithstanding anything contained in any written law or rule of law or collective agreement or award to the contrary, be deemed to contain a provision that in the event of the employer ceasing to carry on business for whatever reason or transferring the whole or part of his undertaking or property, as the case may be, an employee who ceases to be employed by the employer by reason of the happening of such a contingency shall be paid such sum of money as he would have been entitled to receive under the terms of the collective agreement or award if he had retired from the service of the employer on the day the employer ceases to carry on business or transfers the whole or part of his undertaking or property, as the case may be.

(3) Subsection (2) shall not apply where an employer has set up a fund under a scheme for the payment of pensions, gratuities, provident fund or other superannuation benefits to his employees on their retirement from the service of the employer whereby under such scheme the benefits of the employees shall be safeguarded in the event of the bankruptcy of an employer or, if the employer is a company, on the winding up of the company or in the event of the employer ceasing to carry on business for any other reason or transferring the whole or part of his undertaking or property, as the case may be.

(4) Any sum of money payable under subsection (2) shall, for the purposes of subsection (1), be deemed to be a payment to an employee on his retirement and shall be included among the debts referred to in subsection (1) (a) or (b).

(5) For the purposes of this section -

"award" means an award made by the Industrial Arbitration Court under the provisions of the Industrial Relations Act;

"collective agreement" means a collective agreement, a memorandum of which has been certified by the Industrial Arbitration Court in accordance with the provisions of the Industrial Relations Act.

48. - (1) Where a contract of service or collective agreement made before 26th August 1988 provides for the payment by the employer of any annual wage supplement, annual bonus or annual wage increase, such payments shall continue to be payable by the employer until the employer and his employees or a trade union representing his employees have negotiated and agreed to vary such payments.

(2) An employer and his employees or a trade union representing his employees may negotiate for and agree to a variable payment based on the trading results or productivity or on any other criteria agreed upon by the parties concerned.

(3) Where an employer has not paid any annual wage supplement prior to 26th August 1988, any contract of service or collective agreement made on or after that date between the employer and his employees or a trade union representing his employees shall not contain a provision for the payment of an annual wage supplement exceeding the equivalent of one month's wages of the employees.

(4) Any person who, or any trade union of employees which, requests (whether orally or in writing) or invites negotiations for the payment by an employer of an annual wage supplement which is in excess of the amount specified in subsection (3) and any employer who pays an annual wage supplement exceeding the amount specified in subsection (3) shall be guilty of an offence.

(5) Notwithstanding that an annual wage supplement may be payable under subsection (1) or (3), an employer may, in the event of exceptionally poor business results for any year, invite the employees or a trade union representing his employees to negotiate for a lower quantum of annual wage supplement or for no annual wage supplement to be paid for that year.

49. The Minister may, from time to time, make recommendations for wage adjustment and upon the publication of such recommendations in the Gazette the employer and his employees or a trade union representing his employees may negotiate based on such recommendations.

50. - (1) Where a notice is served under section 17 of the Industrial Relations Act by an employer or a trade union representing his employees in respect of any matter referred to in sections 48 and 49 and no agreement is reached between the parties, either party may, notwithstanding the provisions of the Industrial Relations Act, refer the matter to the Industrial Arbitration Court established under the Industrial Relations Act for arbitration.

(2) For the purposes of sections 48 and 49 -

"annual wage supplement" means a single annual payment to employees that is supplemental to the total amount of annual wages earned by them, whether expressed as a percentage thereof or otherwise;

"variable payment" means such payment, however expressed and whether paid annually or otherwise, which serves as an incentive to all employees to increase their productivity or as a reward for their contribution;

"wages" means the basic wages payable to an employee in respect of work done under his contract of service but does not include any commission, overtime allowance or other allowances payable to an employee.

51. (Repealed by Act 36/95)

52. The Minister may, by notification in the Gazette, suspend the application of any of the provisions of this Part to any classes of employees when the public interest so requires it.

53. - (1) Any employer who employs any person as an employee contrary to the provisions of this Part or fails to pay any salary in accordance with the provisions of this Part shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $1,000, and for a second or subsequent offence to a fine not exceeding $2,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding one year or to both.

(2) This section shall not apply where the terms of service under which a person is employed are provided for in a collective agreement entered into before 15th August 1968 and while the collective agreement remains in force.

(3) Notwithstanding subsection (1) -

 

PART V - TRUCK SYSTEM

54. The salary of a workman shall be payable in legal tender and not otherwise and if in any contract of service the whole or any part of the salary is made payable in any other manner the contract of service shall be illegal, null and void.

55. No contract of service shall contain any terms as to the place at which, or the manner in which, or the person with whom, any salary paid to the workman is to be expended and every contract of service containing such terms shall be illegal, null and void.

56. Except where otherwise expressly permitted by the provisions of this Act, the entire amount of the salary earned by, or payable to, any workman in respect of any work done by him shall be actually paid to him in legal tender, and every payment of, or on account of, any such salary made in any other form shall be illegal, null and void.

57. Every workman shall be entitled to recover in any court or before the Commissioner, acting under section 115, so much of his salary exclusive of sums lawfully deducted in accordance with the provisions of this Act as has not been actually paid to him in legal tender.

58. No employer shall make any deduction by way of discount, interest or any similar charge on account of any advance of salary made to any workman.

59. Nothing in this Part shall render illegal a contract of service with a workman for giving to him food, quarters or other allowances or privileges in addition to money salary as a remuneration for his services, but no employer shall give to a workman any noxious drugs or intoxicating liquor by way of remuneration.

60. - (1) Nothing in this Part shall prevent the employer from establishing or permitting to be established a shop or a canteen for the sale of foodstuffs, provisions, meals or refreshments; but no workman shall be compelled by any contract of service to purchase any goods at that shop or canteen, and no noxious drugs or intoxicating liquor shall be sold at any such shop or canteen.

(2) No employer shall establish or keep or permit to be established or kept, a shop or canteen on any place of employment for the sale of foodstuffs, provisions, meals or refreshments to his workmen otherwise than in accordance with subsection (1).

61. Any employer who enters into any contract of service or gives any remuneration for service contrary to the provisions of this Part or declared by this Part to be illegal or receives any payment from any workman contrary to the provisions of this Part or contravenes section 60 (2) shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $1,000, and for a second or subsequent offence to a fine not exceeding $2,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding one year or to both.

62. - (1) When an employer is charged with an offence under this Part, he shall be entitled, upon information duly laid by him and on giving to the Commissioner not less than 3 days' notice in writing of his intention, to have any other person whom he charges as the actual offender brought before the court at the time appointed for the hearing of the charge, and if, after the commission of the offence has been proved, the employer proves to the satisfaction of the court that he has used due diligence to enforce the provisions of this Part and that that other person has committed the offence in question without his knowledge, consent or connivance, that other person shall be convicted of that offence, and the employer shall be exempted from any penalty.

(2) When it is made to appear to the satisfaction of the Commissioner at the time of discovering the offence that the employer has used due diligence to enforce the provisions of this Part and also that the offence has been committed by some other person, and also that it has been committed without the knowledge, consent or connivance of the employer, then the Commissioner shall proceed against the person whom he believes to be the actual offender in the first instance without proceeding against the employer.

63. - (1) Nothing in section 54 or 56 shall operate so as to render unlawful or invalid any payment of salary by the employer to the workman in any of the following ways:

(2) Where the salary or part thereof has been paid in any of the ways set out in subsection (1), section 57 shall not operate to give a right of recovery of so much of the salary as has been so paid.

64. Nothing in this Part shall be held to apply to any body of persons working on an agreement of co-operation.

 

PART VI - CONTRACTORS AND CONTRACTING

65. - (1) Where a principal, in the course of or for the purposes of or in pursuance of or in furtherance of the interests of his trade or business, contracts with a contractor for the supply of labour or for the execution by or under the contractor of the whole or any part of any work undertaken by the principal, and any salary is due to any workman by the contractor or any subcontractor under the contractor for labour supplied or for work done in the course of the execution of such work, the principal and the contractor and any such subcontractor (not being the employer) shall be jointly and severally liable with the employer to pay the workman as if the workman had been immediately employed by him, and where salary is claimed from the principal, this Act, with the exception of section 33 relating to priority of salary, shall apply as if reference to the principal were substituted for reference to the employer, except that salary claimed shall be calculated with reference to the salary of the workman under the employer by whom he is immediately employed.

(1A) No principal, contractor or subcontractor, not being the employer, shall be jointly and severally liable to any workman under subsection (1) for more than the salary earned in one month for work done by the employer.

(1B) In the case of a contract for constructional work, the principal shall not be liable for the payment of salary under subsection (1) unless he is also a constructional contractor.

(1C) The workman shall institute proceedings for the recovery of his salary within 60 days or such longer period as the Commissioner may in his discretion allow from the date on which the salary became due for payment in accordance with the provisions for the payment of salary contained in Part III.

(2) A claim for salary under this section shall be made in the manner prescribed by Part XV.

(3) Nothing in this section shall prevent any principal or contractor or subcontractor, not being the employer, who as the result of a claim made under this section has paid any salary to a workman from instituting civil proceedings for the recovery of the amount of salary so paid from the employer of that workman.

(4) Nothing in this section shall be construed to prevent a workman from recovering salary under this Act from his employer instead of the principal or contractor or subcontractor.

(5) The reference to principal in this section shall include the Government or a statutory body or authority acting in the course of or in the discharge of its functions.

66. - (1) The Minister may, by notification in the Gazette, require all contractors and subcontractors to be registered with the Commissioner and thereafter no person shall act as a contractor or a subcontractor unless he is so registered.

(2) Every application for such registration shall be in the prescribed form.

(3) Every person so registered under this section as a contractor or subcontractor shall be deemed to be the employer of the workmen employed by him.

(4) Every contractor or subcontractor who has been so registered and who changes the name under which he carries on business shall within 7 days of the change of name apply in writing to the Commissioner for re-registration and cancellation of the previous registration.

(5) The Commissioner may in his discretion effect the registration of any person under this section and may in his discretion cancel any such registration.

(6) The Minister may make regulations to prescribe the requirements and conditions for registration of a contractor or subcontractor under this section.

(7) Any person who contravenes this section shall be guilty of an offence.

 

PART VIA - PART-TIME EMPLOYEES

66A. - (1) In this Part, "part-time employee" means an employee who is required under his contract of service with an employer to work for less than 30 hours a week.

(2) Notwithstanding subsection (1), the Minister may, by notification in the Gazette, declare that any employee or class of employees are not to be regarded as part-time employees for the purposes of this Part.

66B. The Minister may by regulations exclude or modify any or all of the provisions of this Act in their application to any part-time employee or class of part-time employees.

 

PART VII - DOMESTIC WORKERS

67. The Minister may, from time to time by notification in the Gazette, apply all or any of the provisions of this Act with such modification as may be set out in the notification to all domestic workers or to any group, class or number of domestic workers and may make regulations to provide generally for the engagement and working conditions of domestic workers.

 

PART VIII - EMPLOYMENT OF CHILDREN AND YOUNG PERSONS

68. - (1) No person shall employ a child in an industrial or a non-industrial undertaking except as provided for in subsections (2) and (3).

(2) A child may be employed in an industrial undertaking in which only members of the same family are employed.

(3) A child who is 12 years of age or above may be employed in light work suited to his capacity in a non-industrial undertaking.

(4) For the purposes of subsection (3), the certificate of a medical officer shall be conclusive upon the question of whether any work is suited to the capacity of any particular child.

69. No young person shall be employed in any industrial undertaking which the Minister by notification in the Gazette declares to be an industrial undertaking in which no young person shall be employed.

70. The Minister may by regulations made under this Act prescribe the conditions upon which a child or young person may be employed in any industrial or non-industrial undertaking.

71. - (1) If it is shown to the satisfaction of the Minister, upon the application of the Commissioner and after such inquiry as the Minister may think fit to direct, that the salaries of children or young persons, or both, employed in any industry or for any particular work or in any area are insufficient, having regard to the nature of the work and the conditions of employment, it shall be lawful for the Minister to prescribe, by order to be published in the Gazette, minimum rates of salary to be paid to children or young persons or both in that industry, type of employment or area.

(2) Any person contravening any such order shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $1,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months or to both, and for a second or subsequent offence to a fine not exceeding $2,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 2 years or to both.

72. - (1) Sections 68 and 69 shall not apply -

(2) For the purposes of this section, the Institute of Technical Education, Singapore means the Institute of Technical Education, Singapore established under the Institute of Technical Education Act.

73. The Minister may make regulations for regulating the employment of children in any occupation and no child or young person shall be employed as a workman under any circumstances or under any conditions which may be prohibited by the Minister from time to time by regulations made under this Act.

74. Any person who employs a child or young person in contravention of the provisions of this Part or any of the regulations made thereunder and any parent or guardian who knowingly or negligently suffers or permits such employment shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $2,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 2 years or to both except in the case where a child or young person suffers serious injury or death resulting from any breach of the provisions of this Part or any regulations made thereunder the offender shall be punished with a fine of $2,000 and shall also be liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 2 years.

75. A child or young person in respect of whom any of the offences mentioned in this Part has been committed may be brought before a Juvenile Court and the Court, if satisfied that the child or young person requires care or protection, may exercise with respect to that child or young person all or any of the powers conferred by section 48 of the Children and Young Persons Act.

 

PART IX - MATERNITY PROTECTION AND BENEFITS

76. - (1) Subject to this section, every female employee shall be entitled to absent herself from work -

(2) A female employee who has served an employer for less than 180 days immediately preceding the day of confinement shall not be entitled to any pay during the benefit period.

(3) Where a female employee has worked in her employment for any day during the benefit period before her confinement, she shall be entitled to receive in addition to her gross rate of pay for that day an amount that is equivalent to a day's pay at the gross rate of pay or to absent herself from work on another day at the end of the benefit period.

(4) Notwithstanding subsection (1) or any collective agreement or award to the contrary, a female employee shall not be entitled to any payment during the benefit period for any confinement if at the time of the confinement she has 2 or more children.

(5) Subsection (4) shall not apply to such class or classes of employees as the Minister may, from time to time by notification in the Gazette, specify.

77. - (1) The payment referred to in section 76 shall be paid for every day of the benefit period, including holidays.

(2) Nothing in this section shall be construed to require an employer to pay to a female employee an extra day's salary for a holiday which falls within the benefit period.

78. - (1) In the case of a female employee who is a daily-rated employee, the payment referred to in section 76 shall be paid in 2 instalments, the first for the period up to and including the day of confinement, to be paid within 7 days from the date of confinement, and the second, for the period after confinement, to be paid within 7 days from the end of that period.

(2) In the case of any other female employee, the payment shall be paid at such time as the salary earned by the employee under her contract of service is due to be paid to her.

79. - (1) If a female employee, after giving notice to her employer under section 80 (1), abstains from work in expectation of her confinement and dies from any cause before her confinement, the employer shall pay to the person nominated by her under section 80 (4) or, if there is no such person, to her personal representative a sum of money at the rate prescribed under section 76 from the date immediately following the last day on which she worked to the day immediately preceding the day of her death and except in the circumstances mentioned in this subsection no employer shall be liable to pay any sum in respect of a period exceeding 30 days.

(2) If a female employee dies from any cause on or after the day of her confinement and before any payment to which she is entitled has been paid to her, the employer shall pay to the person nominated by her under section 80 (4) or, if there is no such person, to her personal representative any sum of money to which she was on the date of her death entitled in respect of the period up to the day of confinement and in respect of the period after confinement up to the day preceding the day of her death.

80. - (1) A female employee shall at least one week before absenting herself from work in accordance with section 76 give notice to her employer specifying the date on which she intends to commence absenting herself from work.

(2) A female employee who has been confined shall as soon as practicable inform her employer of the date on which she was confined.

(3) Any female employee who omits to give notice as required under subsection (1) or fails to inform her employer as required under subsection (2) shall be entitled to only half the amount of any payment to which she is entitled to under this Part unless she was prevented by any sufficient cause from giving such notice.

(4) A female employee may at any time in writing nominate some other person to whom any payment to which she is entitled under this Part may be paid on her behalf; and any such payment made to the person so nominated shall for the purpose of this Act be deemed to be payment to the female employee who nominated such person.

81. Subject to the provisions of this Part, when a female employee absents herself from work in accordance with the provisions of this Part it shall not be lawful for her employer to give her notice of dismissal during her absence or on such a day that the notice will expire during her absence.

82. Any employer who knowingly employs a female employee at any time during the period of 4 weeks immediately following her confinement shall be guilty of an offence.

83. If a female employee works for any other employer after she has absented herself from work under the provisions of this Part, she shall forfeit her claim to any payment to which she is entitled under this Part and shall be liable to dismissal.

84. - (1) No notice of dismissal given without sufficient cause by an employer to a female employee within a period of 3 months before her confinement shall have the effect of depriving her of any payment to which but for that notice she would have been entitled or would, on or before the date of her confinement, have become entitled to under this Part.

(2) If any question arises as to whether any notice of dismissal given under subsection (1) was or was not given for sufficient cause, it shall be referred to the Minister within 2 months from the date of the employee's confinement.

(3) Where the Minister is satisfied that the employee has been dismissed without sufficient cause, he may, notwith-standing any rule of law or agreement to the contrary -

(4) The decision of the Minister under subsection (3) shall be final and conclusive and shall not be challenged in any court.

(5) Any direction of the Minister under subsection (3) shall operate as a bar to any action for damages by the employee in any court in respect of the dismissal without sufficient cause under subsection (1).

(6) An employer who fails to comply with the direction of the Minister under subsection (3) shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $5,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months or to both.

(7) Where any amount to be paid by an employer under subsection (3) is not paid in accordance with the direction of the Minister and the employer has been convicted of an offence under subsection (6), the amount or so much thereof as remains unpaid shall be recoverable by the court as if it were a fine and the amount so recoverable shall be paid to the employee entitled to payment under the direction of the Minister.

85. Nothing in this Part shall be deemed to entitle any female employee to claim any payment under this Part from more than one employer in respect of the same confinement.

86. Any contract of service whereby a female employee relinquishes any right to maternity benefit under this Part shall be null and void in so far as it purports to deprive her of that right or to remove or reduce the liability of any employer to make any payment under this Part.

87. Any employer who fails to pay his female employee in accordance with the provisions of this Part or who acts in contravention of section 81 shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $1,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months or to both.

 

PART X - EMPLOYMENT EXCHANGE

88. There shall be an employment exchange under the control of the Commissioner for the registration of persons seeking employment in Singapore and for assisting such persons to get employment.

89. - (1) Any citizen of Singapore may apply for registration in the employment exchange and the Commissioner shall, if he is satisfied that the person is a citizen of Singapore, register that person.

(2) No person who is not a citizen of Singapore shall be registered in the employment exchange.

90. The Minister may make regulations to control the engagement of employees by employers and may in particular by any such regulations -

 

PART XI - HEALTH, ACCOMMODATION AND MEDICAL CARE

91. Every employer who undertakes to provide quarters for workmen employed either by him or by some other and person with whom he has entered into a contract shall provide for those workmen and their dependants -

92. - (1) All quarters so provided shall be constructed in accordance with the provisions of any written law for the time being in force relating to buildings.

(2) All such quarters shall be maintained and kept in a sanitary condition in accordance with the provisions of any written law for the time being in force relating to those quarters.

93. - (1) On every place of employment where workmen are employed, the employer shall provide such first-aid equipment as may be prescribed.

(2) The Commissioner may, having regard to the nature and circumstances of the work, by certificate in writing, exempt an employer from this section.

94. Any person who fails to comply with any of the provisions of this Part shall be guilty of an offence.

 

PART XII -REGISTERS, RETURNS AND OTHER DOCUMENTARY REQUIREMENTS

95. - (1) Every employer shall prepare and keep a register showing the name, address, the basic rate of pay and allowances, the amount earned, and the amount of deductions made from the earnings of each employee employed by him and such other particulars as may be prescribed from time to time.

(2) For the purposes of this Part -

"employee" includes any person who works in any capacity whatsoever, whether under a contract of service or otherwise, with or without salary and whether in or outside the premises where the profession, business, trade or work of the employer is carried on;

"employer" includes a sole-proprietorship or partnership or a corporation and any person who is defined to be an employer under any written law in force in Singapore.

96. Every employer of workmen shall keep at the place of employment so that it shall be readily accessible to the workmen there employed, a check-roll pay slip, working board, or other form of record on which, in respect of each salary period, in a form intelligible to the workmen, shall be shown -

97. - (1) The Commissioner may, by notification in the Gazette, require any employer or class of employers to forward to the Commissioner at such time or times as may be specified in the notification a return in such form or forms as may be approved by the Commissioner giving the particulars and information prescribed therein, and any such employer shall furnish particulars and information so prescribed.

(2) No person shall be bound to furnish any particulars or information other than such as are accessible to him in the course of or derivable from any profession, business, trade or work in the conduct or supervision of which he is engaged.

98. - (1) The Commissioner may give notice in writing to any employer when and as often as he thinks necessary requiring the employer to furnish within a reasonable time stated in the notice fuller or further returns respecting any matter as to which a return is required under this Act or the Employment of Foreign Workers Act.

(2) Such requisition may specify -

99. For the purpose of obtaining full information in respect of any employer's employees, the Commissioner may give notice in writing to such person requiring him, within the time stated in the notice, to complete and deliver to the Commissioner any return specified in the notice and in addition or alternatively requiring him to attend personally before the Commissioner or any inspecting officer specified in the notice and to produce for examination any books, documents, accounts and returns which the Commissioner may consider necessary.

100. Requisitions issued under sections 98 and 99 may be served in the following manner:

101. - (1) Any employer who -

(2) A certificate under the hand of the Commissioner stating that such returns have not been furnished or are incorrect shall be sufficient prima facie evidence of the truth of the facts stated in the certificate.

102. - (1) No return of particulars or information and no part of a return furnished, and no answer to any question put, for the purposes of this Act shall, without the previous consent in writing of the person having the control, management or superintendence of the profession, business, trade or work in relation to which the return or answer was furnished or given, be published nor, except for the purposes of a prosecution under this Act, shall any person not engaged in connection with the collection or preparation of statistics under this Act be permitted to see any such individual return or any such part of an individual return.

(2) Every person engaged in connection with the collection, preparation or publication of statistics under this Act shall be required to make a declaration in the prescribed form that he will not disclose or, except for the purposes of this Act, make use of the contents of any such part of an individual return, or any such answer; and any person who knowingly acts in contravention of any declaration which he has so made shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $4,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding one year or to both.

(3) In any report, summary of statistics, or other publication prepared under this Act with reference to any trade or industry, the particulars comprised in any return shall not be disclosed in any manner whatever, or arranged in any way which would enable any person to identify any particulars so published as being particulars relating to any individual person or business.

(4) If any person, having possession of any information which to his knowledge has been disclosed in contravention of this section, publishes or communicates to any other person any such information, he shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $4,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding one year or to both.

 

PART XIII - INSPECTION AND ENQUIRY

103. - (1) The Commissioner or any inspecting officer inspections may enter without previous notice at any hour of the day or night all places of employment where he has reasonable cause to believe that any employee resides or is employed and inspect any house, hospital, clinic, dispensary, tent, camp or building in any way used by any employee and make such enquiry into the salary and conditions of employment of the employee as he may think fit.

(2) The Commissioner or the inspecting officer shall, if required to do so, show his credentials.

104. On the occasion of an inspection or enquiry visit, the Notice Commissioner or the inspecting officer shall notify the employer or his representative of his presence unless he or inspecting considers that such a notification may be prejudicial to the efficient performance of his duties.

105. - (1) In the course of an inspection or enquiry, the Commissioner or the inspecting officer may -

(2) No answer which a person is legally bound to give under subsection (1) (a) shall be proved against him in any criminal proceeding, except on a prosecution for giving false evidence by that answer.

106. No person shall otherwise than in the performance inspecting of his duties reveal any manufacturing or commercial secrets which may at any time come to his knowledge in the course of his duty as an inspecting officer.

107. Any employer who, without reasonable excuse, the proof of which shall lie on him -

 

PART XIV - GENERAL

107A. - (1) The gross rate of pay per day of an employee employed on a monthly rate or on piece rates shall be calculated in accordance with the second column of the Third Schedule.

(2) The basic rate of pay per day of an employee employed on a monthly rate or on piece rates shall be calculated in accordance with the third column of the Third Schedule.

108. Any employer who without reasonable excuse, the proof of which shall lie on him, refuses to allow an employee whose contract of service has been determined in any of the ways hereinbefore provided to leave his service shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $1,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months or to both, and the whole or any portion of any fine recoverable under this section may be adjudged by the court to be paid to the employee.

109. No employee shall be bound, by virtue of any contract of service under this Act, to answer for the debt, default or miscarriage of any other person.

110. Any employer or other person who in any way obstructs any employee in appearing before the Commissioner in pursuance of this Act shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $1,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months or to both.

111. Any employer or other person who wilfully obstructs or impedes any entry, inspection, inquiry or investigation made under this Act or commits, with respect to such entry, inspection, inquiry or investigation, any offence described in Chapter X of the Penal Code shall be punished as provided in that Chapter.

112. Any person who is guilty of any breach or any offence under this Act for which no penalty is otherwise provided shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $1,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months or to both, and for a subsequent offence under the same section to a fine not exceeding $2,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding one year or to both.

113. Any person who by force, intoxication or ill-treatment, intimidation or fraud, or by means of false representations, induces or attempts to induce any person to enter into a contract of service to work beyond the limits of Singapore shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $2,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 2 years or to both.

113A. Where an offence under this Act or any regulations made thereunder is committed by a body corporate, and it is proved to have been committed with the consent or connivance of, or to be attributable to any act or default on the part of, any director, manager, secretary or other similar officer of the body corporate, or any person who was purporting to act in any such capacity, he, as well as the body corporate, shall be guilty of that offence and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly.

114. The Commissioner may in his discretion compound any such offence under this Act or any regulations made thereunder as may be prescribed as being an offence which may be compounded by accepting from the person reasonably suspected of committing that offence a sum not exceeding $200.

 

PART XV - CLAIMS, COMPLAINTS AND INVESTIGATIONS INTO OFFENCES

115. - (1) Subject to this section, the Commissioner may inquire into and decide any dispute between an employee and his employer or any person liable under the provisions of this Act to pay any salary due to the employee where the dispute arises out of any term in the contract of service between the employee and his employer or out of any of the provisions of this Act, and in pursuance of that decision may make an order in the prescribed form for the payment by either party of such sum of money as he considers just without limitation of the amount thereof.

(2) The Commissioner shall not inquire into any dispute in respect of matters arising earlier than one year from the date of lodging a claim under section 119 or the termination of the contract of service of or by the person claiming under that section:
Provided that the person claiming in respect of matters arising out of or as the result of a termination of a contract of service has lodged a claim under section 119 within 6 months of the termination of the contract of service.

(3) The powers of the Commissioner under subsection (1) shall include the power to hear and decide, in accordance with the procedure laid down in this Part, any claim by a subcontractor for labour against a contractor or subcontractor for any sum which the subcontractor for labour claims to be due to him in respect of any labour provided by him under his contract with the contractor or subcontractor and to make such consequential orders as may be necessary to give effect to his decision.

(4) In this section, "employer" includes the transferor and the transferee of an undertaking or part thereof referred to in section 18A.

116. - (1) Whenever the Commissioner has made an order under section 115 against any employer or any person liable for the payment of any sum of money to any workman or subcontractor for labour and after inquiry finds that there exists between that employer or person liable and some other person a contract in the course of the execution of which the workman or subcontractor for labour performed the work in respect of which the order has been made, the Commissioner may summon that other person and may make an order prohibiting him from paying to the employer or person liable and requiring him to pay to the Commissioner any money (not exceeding the amount found due to the workman or subcontractor for labour) admitted by him to be owing to the employer or person liable in respect of the contract.

(2) Where that other person admits to the Commissioner in writing that money is owing by him under the contract to the employer or person liable, he need not be summoned before the Commissioner and the Commissioner may make such order in his absence.

(3) Where that other person is liable as a principal under section 65 to pay any salary due by the employer or person liable and where the money admitted by him to be owing to the employer or person liable is not sufficient to pay the whole of the salary, nothing in this subsection shall relieve him of his liability for the balance of the salary up to the amount for which he is liable under that section.

(4) Any person so summoned shall be legally bound to attend at the time and place mentioned in the summons and to answer truthfully all questions relating to the contract which the Commissioner may put to him.

(5) The payment of any money in pursuance of an order under subsection (1) shall be a discharge and payment up to the amount so paid of money due to the employer or person liable under the contract.

117. Where any person interested is dissatisfied with the decision or order of the Commissioner, he may, within 14 days after the decision or order, file a memorandum of appeal therefrom in the High Court; for the purposes of any such appeal, the decision or order of the Commissioner shall be deemed to be a decision of a District Court.

118. - (1) No fees other than a registration fee in accordance with the rates specified in the Second Schedule shall be charged by the Commissioner in respect of processes issued by him under this Part and all orders made by the Commissioner shall, notwithstanding that they may in respect of the amount or value be in excess of the ordinary jurisdiction of the court, be enforced by a District Court in the same manner as a judgment of that Court and all necessary processes may be served by the Court on behalf of the Commissioner.

(2) No sale of immovable property shall for the purposes of the enforcement be ordered except by the High Court.

119. - (1) The mode of procedure for the making and hearing of claims shall be as follows:

(2) In hearing claims or conducting proceedings under this Part, the Commissioner -

120. In proceedings before the Commissioner, a party -

121. - (1) In proceedings under this Part where it appears to the Commissioner that there are more employees or subcontractors for labour than one having a common claim or similar claims against the same employer or person liable, it shall not be necessary for each of them to make a separate claim under this Part, but the Commissioner may, if he thinks fit, permit one or more of them to lodge a memorandum or make a claim and to attend and act on behalf of and generally to represent the others, and the Commissioner may proceed to adjudicate on the several or joint claim of each and every such employee or subcontractor for labour.

(2) Where the Commissioner is of the opinion that the interest of the employer or person liable are or are likely to be prejudiced by the non-attendance of any employee or subcontractor for labour, the Commissioner shall require the personal attendance of the employee or subcontractor for labour.

122. Nothing in this Part shall limit or affect the jurisdiction of any court.

123. - (1) If any employee or subcontractor for labour complains to the Commissioner that he has reasonable ground for believing that his employer or person liable, in order to evade payment of salary due to that employee or any money due to that subcontractor for labour in respect of any labour provided by him, is about to leave Singapore, the Commissioner may direct that employee or subcontractor for labour to a Magistrate's Court and the Court may summon the employer or person liable and direct him to show cause why he should not be required to give security by bond to remain in Singapore until such salary or other money due is paid.

(1A) If, after hearing the evidence of the employer or person liable, the Magistrate's Court adjudicates that such bonds shall be given, the Court may order the employer or person liable to give security by bond in a reasonable sum that he will not leave Singapore until the Court is satisfied that all the just claims against him of his employees for salary or of any subcontractor for labour for money due in respect of any labour provided by him have been paid or settled.

(2) If the employer or person liable fails to comply with the terms of such order to give security, he shall be detained in the civil prison until arrangements are made to the satisfaction of the Magistrate's Court for settling the claims of his employees or of any subcontractor for labour.

(2A) The employer or person liable shall be released at any time on security being furnished or on his payment either in whole or in a reasonable part, of all claims of his employees or of any subcontractor for labour.

(3) In no case shall the period of such detention exceed 3 months.

(4) The bond to be given by an employer or person liable shall be a personal bond with one or more sureties, and the penalty for breach of the bond shall be fixed with due regard to the circumstances of the case and the means of the employer or person liable.

(5) If, on or after a complaint by any employee or subcontractor for labour under subsection (1), it appears to the Magistrate's Court that there is good ground for believing that the person complained against has absconded or is absconding or is about to abscond, the Court may issue a warrant fat the apprehension of that person and that person shall be detained in safe custody pending the hearing of the complaint unless he finds good and sufficient security to the satisfaction of the Court for his appearance to answer the complaint.

(6) If, after summoning any person to show cause why he should not be required to give security by bond to remain in Singapore until the salary of his employees or money due to a subcontractor for labour in respect of any labour provided by him is paid, it appears to the Magistrate's Court after inquiry has been made by the Commissioner that the employee or subcontractor for labour who made the complaint had no reasonable or sufficient grounds for making it, the Court may impose a fine of $25 upon the employee or subcontractor for labour and in default of payment sentence him to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 14 days.

(7) For the purposes of this section, a certificate from the Commissioner issued to the Magistrate's Court to the effect that all salary or money claimed has been paid or settled shall be sufficient evidence of the payment or settlement thereof.

124. - (1) Whenever the Minister, the Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister, the Permanent Secretary to the Ministry of Labour, the Commissioner or an inspecting officer has reasonable grounds for believing that an offence under this Act has been committed, or wishes to inquire into any matter for which provision is made by this Act or any dispute as to such matter or the death of an employee, or any matter connected with hospital and medical facilities, quarters, sanitation, inspections or the keeping of registers and other documents or whenever any person complains to the Minister, the Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister, the Permanent Secretary to the Ministry of Labour, the Commissioner or an inspecting officer of any breach of any provision of this Act, the Minister, the Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister, the Permanent Secretary to the Ministry of Labour, the Commissioner or an inspecting officer, as the case may be, may summon any other person who he has reason to believe can give information regarding the subject-matter of the inquiry or complaint, and the person so summoned shall be legally bound to attend at the time and place specified in the summons, and to answer truthfully all questions which the Minister, the Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister, the Permanent Secretary to the Ministry of Labour, the Commissioner or an inspecting officer, as the case may be, may put to him.

(2) Any person who in any way wilfully obstructs the service of or obedience to such summons, and any person summoned who neglects to attend as required in such summons, and any person who commits, in respect of any such inquiry or complaint, any offence described in Chapter X of the Penal Code, shall be punished as provided in that Chapter.

125. - (1) If upon inquiry under section 124 it appears that an offence has been committed or that the complaint is well founded, the Commissioner may institute such proceedings, civil or criminal, as he may consider necessary under the circumstances and where the proceedings arise from a complaint made by an employee or a subcontractor for labour he shall institute the proceedings for and in the name of the employee or subcontractor for labour.

(2) In the event of there being more employees or subcontractors for labour than one making a similar complaint, the Commissioner may, if he institutes civil proceedings for and in the name of those employees or subcontractors for labour, consolidate the complaint of all those employees or subcontractors for labour into one cause of action and he shall only be required to sue out one summons for and in the name of all those employees or subcontractors for labour in respect of such causes of action.

(3) Any court which would have jurisdiction to hear and determine separate suits based on such causes of action shall be competent to hear and determine such consolidated suit, notwithstanding that the subject-matter of the consolidated subject-matter suit is in excess of the ordinary jurisdiction of that court.

(4) Judgment may be given without any amendment for such one or more of the plaintiffs as may be found to be entitled to relief for such relief as he or they may be entitled to.

126. No court fees shall be chargeable in the first instance on any proceedings commenced by an employee or a sub-contractor for labour or by the Commissioner on his behalf against his employer or person liable under this Act but, in case a conviction is had or judgment given against his employer or person liable, the court fees shall be paid by the employer or person liable together with the general costs of the proceedings.

PART XVI - PROCEDURE AND REGULATIONS

127. For the purposes of this Act and of the Penal Code, the Commissioner and all other officers appointed or acting under this Act shall be deemed to be public servants within the meaning of the Penal Code.

128. For the purposes of section 18 of the Miscellaneous Offences (Public Order and Nuisance) Act, every place of employment shall be deemed to be a public place.

129. - (1) Subject to any special provision to the contrary in this Act, all convictions and penalties for offences under this Act may be had and recovered before a Magistrate's Court or a District Court on complaint by any person aggrieved or by the Commissioner or any person authorised by him in that behalf.

(2) A Magistrate's Court or a District Court may, not-withstanding anything in the Criminal Procedure Code, impose the full punishment prescribed by this Act, excepting that a Magistrate's Court shall not impose a sentence of imprisonment exceeding one year.

130. The Commissioner and any officer authorised by him in writing shall have the right to appear and be heard before a Magistrate's Court or a District Court in any proceedings under this Act and shall also have the right to be heard before those Courts in any prosecution under Chapter XVI of the Penal Code instituted by him in accordance with section 125.

131. In all proceedings under Part XV, the onus of proving that he is not the employer or the person whose duty it is under this Act or under any regulations made thereunder to do or abstain from doing anything shall be on the person who alleges that he is not the employer or other person, as the case may be.

132. Nothing in this Act shall operate to prevent any employer or employee from enforcing his respective civil rights and remedies for any breach or non-performance of a contract of service by any suit in court in any case in which proceedings are not instituted, or, if instituted, are not proceeded with to judgment under this Act.

133. Where the Commissioner or any officer performing the duties or exercising the powers conferred on the Commissioner has, for the purpose of inquiring into any matter under this Act, taken down any evidence or made any memorandum and is prevented by death, transfer or other cause from concluding the inquiry, any successor to the Commissioner or other officer may deal with the evidence or memorandum as if he had taken it down or made it and proceed with the inquiry from the stage at which his predecessor left it.

134. When under this Act any court imposes a fine or enforces the payment of any sum secured by a recognizance or bond, the court may, if it thinks fit, direct that the whole or any part of the fine or sum when recovered be paid to the party complaining, or where the offence was committed by an employer in respect of a liability to pay money to an employee, that employee.

135. Subject to any special provision to the contrary in this Act, from and after the determination of any imprisonment suffered under this Act for non-payment of the amount of any fine, compensation or damages, with the costs assessed and directed to be paid by any order of court, the amount so ordered shall be deemed to be liquidated and discharged, and the order shall be annulled.

136. In the event of any employer being subjected to any fine or penalty under the provisions of this Act, the fine or penalty may, in addition to any other means of recovery, be recovered by distress and sale of the place of employment, or of any property belonging to him and in such place of employment.

137. - (1) A summons issued by the Commissioner under section 116, 119 or 124 may be served on any person by delivering or tendering to him a copy thereof signed by the Commissioner.

(1A) If the person to be summoned has an agent empowered to accept service of the summons on his behalf, service on the agent shall be sufficient.

(1B) If the person to be summoned cannot be found and has no agent empowered to accept service of the summons on his behalf, service on any adult member, not being a domestic worker, of the family of the person to be summoned who is residing with him shall be sufficient.

(2) When such summons is addressed to a corporation, it may be served -

(3) When the serving officer delivers or tenders a copy of the summons to the person to be summoned or to an agent or other person on his behalf, he shall require the signature of the person to whom the copy is so delivered or tendered to an acknowledgment of service endorsed on the original summons.

(4) If -

(5) The serving officer shall, in all cases in which the summons has been served under subsection (3), endorse or annex or cause to be endorsed or annexed, on or to the original summons, a return stating the time when and the manner in which the summons was served.

(6) When a summons is returned under subsection (4), the Commissioner shall, if the return under that subsection has not been verified by the affidavit of the serving officer, and may, if it has been so verified, examine the serving officer on affirmation touching his proceedings and may make such further inquiry in the matter as he thinks fit and shall either declare that the summons has been duly served or order such service as he thinks fit.

(7) When the Commissioner is satisfied that there is reason to believe that the person to be summoned is keeping out of the way for the purpose of avoiding service or that for any other reason the summons cannot be served in the ordinary way, the Commissioner may order the summons to be served by affixing a copy thereof in some conspicuous place in or near the office of the Commissioner and also upon some conspicuous part of the house, if any, in which the person to be summoned is known to have last resided, or in such other manner as the Commissioner thinks fit, or may order the substitution for service of notice by advertisement in the Gazette and in such newspaper or newspapers circulating in Singapore as the Commissioner may think fit.

(8) The service substituted by order of the Commissioner shall be as effectual as if it has been made personally on the person to be summoned.

(9) Whenever service is substituted by order of the Commissioner, the Commissioner shall fix such time for the appearance of the person to be summoned as the case may require.

(10) Any order or notice in writing made or issued by the Commissioner or other officer in the exercise of powers conferred by this Act may be served as if the order or notice were a summons, and this section, other than subsections (1), (1A) and (1B), shall apply to the service of such order or notice.

138. If the Minister is satisfied that arrangements have been or will be made under any legislation in force in Malaysia for the service, execution or enforcement in Malaysia of summonses, warrants or orders issued or made under this Act, he may, by regulations made under this Act -

139. - (1) The Minister may, in addition to the powers expressly conferred by any other provisions of this Act, make regulations for carrying out the purposes of this Act.

(2) In particular and without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1), such regulations may -

(3) All regulations - made under this Act shall be published in the Gazette and shall be presented to Parliament as soon as possible after publication.

140. The Minister may, from time to time by notification in the Gazette, add to or amend the First or Second Schedule.

 

FIRST SCHEDULE - WORKMEN

1. Bus conductor.
2. Lorry attendant.
3. Bus, lorry and van drivers.
4. Bus inspector.
5. Goldsmith and silversmith employed in the premises of the employer.
6. Tailor and dressmaker employed in the premises of the employer.
7. Harbour-craft crew.
8. All workmen employed on piece rates in the premises of the employer.

 

SECOND SCHEDULE - REGISTRATION FEE

The registration fee payable by any person making a claim with the Commissioner for Labour shall be as follows:

 

THIRD SCHEDULE - CALCULATION OF GROSS AND BASIC RATES OF PAY OF AN EMPLOYEE EMPLOYED ON A MONTHLY RATE OR ON PIECE RATES

First column

Item

Second column

Calculation of gross rate of pay

Third column

Calculation of basic rate of pay

1. Where an employee is employed on piece rates. The gross rate of pay for one day is to be calculated by dividing the total salary including allowances but excluding - The basic rate of pay for one day is to be calculated by dividing the total salary including wage adjustments and increments but excluding -
  (a) additional payments by way of overtime payments; (a) additional payments by way of overtime payments;
  (b) additional payments by way of bonus payments or annual wage supplements; (b) additional payments by way of bonus payments or annual wage supplements;
  (c) any sum paid to the employee to reimburse him for special expenses incurred by him in the course of his employment; (c) any sum paid to the employee to reimburse him for special expenses incurred by him in the course of his employment;
  (d) productivity incentive payments; and (d) productivity incentive payments; and
  (e) travelling, food and housing allowances, (e) any allowance however described,
  earned by the employee during the period of 14 days immediately preceding the date of termination, day of absence or period of absence, holiday, day of leave or period of leave, or benefit period, as the case may be, by the number of days on which the employee actually worked during that period of 14 days. earned by the employee during the period of 14 days immediately preceding the rest day or holiday, as the case may be, by the number of days on which the employee actually worked during that period of 14 days.
2. Where an employee is employed on a monthly rate of pay and the number of days on which the employee is required to work in a week is the same in every week under his contract of service. The gross rate of pay for one day is to be calculated according to the following formula:

(12 x monthly gross rate of pay) / (52 x number of days on which the employee is required to work in a week.)

The basic rate of pay for one day is to be calculated according to the following formula:

(12 x monthly basic rate of pay) / (52 x number of days on which the employee is required to work in a week.)

3. Where an employee is employed on a monthly rate of pay and is required under his contract of service to work on a certain number of days in one week and on a different number of days in the following week in every period of 2 consecutive weeks. The gross rate of pay for one day is to be calculated according to the following formula:

(12 x monthly gross rate of pay) / (52 x average number of days on which the employee is required to work in a week over any period of 2 consecutive weeks. )

The basic rate of pay for one day is to be calculated according to the following formula:

(12 x monthly basic rate of pay) / (52 x average number of days on which the employee is required to work in a week over any period of 2 consecutive weeks.)

4. Where an employee is employed on a monthly rate of pay and is required under his contract of service to work on different number of days in different weeks. The gross rate of pay for one day is to be calculated according to the following formula or such other formula as may be approved by the Commissioner:

(12 x monthly gross rate of pay ) / (52 x average number of working days in a week.)

The basic rate of pay for one day is to be calculated according to the following formula or such other formula as may be approved by the Commissioner:

(12 x monthly basic rate of pay) / (52 x average number of working days in a week.)

5. In this Schedule -

"average number of working days in a week" means -

"week" means a continuous period of 7 days commencing at midnight on Sunday.

6. Paragraphs (a) and (b) of the definition of "average number of working days in a week" in item 5 are not applicable in the third column.

7. In calculating the number of working days in a week or the average number of working days in a week, any day on which an employee is required to work for 5 hours or less under his contract of service shall be regarded as half a day.


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