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Russian Federation


Basic labour law information

Russian Federation - Basic laws in NATLEX

01.01) Constitutional law
     Constitution of the Russian Federation of 12 December 1993.

01.02) Labour codes, general labour and employment acts
     Act of 19 April 1991 on the Employment of the population, as amended to 2000 (text as amended to 2 July 2013).
     Labour Code of the Russian Federation of 30 December 2001, as amended.
     Act No. 90-FZ of 30 June 2006 to amend the Labour Code of the Russian Federation, to recognize as non valid in the territory of the Russian Federation several normative legal acts of the USSR and to repeal several legislative acts (provisions of legislative acts) of the Russian Federation (Text No. 2878).

01.03) Civil, commercial and family law
     Civil Code, Part III, No. 146-FZ of 26 November 2001 (Text No. 4552).
     Civil Code, Part I, of 30 November 1994 (Consolidation).
     Act No. 62-FZ of 31 May 2002 on Citizenship (Text No. 2031).
     Civil Code, Part II, No. 14-FZ of 26 January 1996 (Text No. 410).
     Family Code of 29 December 1995, as amended.

01.04) Criminal and penal law
     Penal Code No. 63-FZ of 13 June 1996 (consolidation).
     Criminal Corrections Code (Code on the Execution of Sentences) of 18 December 1996, as amended up to 19 June 2001.

01.06) Economic and social policy
     Act No. 127-FZ of 26 October 2002 on insolvency (bankruptcy) (Text No. 4190).

02) Freedom of association, collective bargaining and industrial relations
     Act No. 10-FZ on trade unions, their rights and guarantees for performance of their activities.
     Act No. 54-FZ of 19 June 2004 on gatherings, meetings, demonstrations, processions and strike-pickets (Text No. 2485).
     Act No. 156-FZ of 27 November 2002 on Employers' Associations (Text No. 4741).
     Act No. 2490-I of 11 March 1992 on Collective and Workplace Agreements (Text No. 890).

03) Elimination of forced labour
     Law No. 81-FZ of 6 May 2010 amending the Criminal Code in sections related to sentencing of offenders to compulsory work.

04) Elimination of child labour, protection of children and young persons
     Act No. 159-FZ of 21 December 1996 on additional guarantees respecting social protection of children-orphans and abandoned children (Text No. 5880).
     Act No. 124-FZ of 24 July 1998 on basic guarantees of children's rights in the Russian Federation (Text No. 3802).
     Federal Law No. 58-FZ of 5 April 2013 to Amend Certain Legal Acts of Russian Federation To Prevent Child Trafficking, Exploitation, Prostitution as well as Activities Involving Production and Circulating of Materials or Objects Containing Pornographic Images of Minors.

05) Equality of opportunity and treatment
     Federal Law No.426-FZ of 28 December 2013 on Special Inspection of Working Conditions.

05.01) Non-discrimination
     Act No. 38-FZ of 30 March 1995 on the prevention of the spread in the Russian Federation of the disease caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV Infection) (consolidation).

05.02) Workers with family responsibilities
     Act No. 81-FZ of 19 May 1995 on State benefits to citizens with children. (Text No. 1929)

07.01) Labour inspection
     Federal Law No.426-FZ of 28 December 2013 on Special Inspection of Working Conditions.

08) Employment policy, promotion of employment and employment services
     Act No. 36-FZ of 20 April 1996 to amend and supplement the Act on the Employment of the Population of 1991. (Text No. 1915).
     Act No. 159-FZ of 21 December 1996 on additional guarantees respecting social protection of children-orphans and abandoned children (Text No. 5880).
     Act of 19 April 1991 on the Employment of the population, as amended to 2000 (text as amended to 2 July 2013).

08.01) Disabled workers
     Act No. 181-FZ of 24 November 1995 on Social Protection of the Disabled. (Text No. 4563)

09) Education, vocational guidance and training
     Act No. 125-FZ of 22 August 1996 on Higher and Vocational Education (Text No. 4135).
     Federal Law No. 273 of 29 December 2012 on Education.

11) Cooperatives
     Model Act of 6 December 1997 on cooperatives and their associations (unions).
     Act No. 41-FZ of 8 May 1996 on industrial cooperatives (Text No. 2321).

12.02) Wages
     Act No. 82-FZ of 19 June 2000 on Minimum Wage (Text No. 2729).

14) Occupational safety and health
     Act No. 116-FZ of 21 July 1997 on the safety of hazardous industrial installations (Text No. 3588).
     Principles of legislation No. 5487-I on health protection of the citizens.

14.01) Protection against particular hazards
     Act No. 3 of 9 January 1996 on protection of the population from radiation (Text No. 141).

15) Social security (general standards)
     Act No. 165-FZ of 16 July 1999 on bases of compulsory social insurance.
     Act No. 27-FZ of 1 April 1996 on individual (personal) registration in the system of compulsory pension insurance. (Text No. 1401)
     Act No. 122-FZ of 2 August 1995 on social service to old citizens and invalids. (Text No. 3198)

15.01) Medical care and sickness benefit
     Principles of legislation No. 5487-I on health protection of the citizens.
     Act No. 52-FZ of 30 March 1999 on sanitary and epidemiological well-being of the population.
     Law No. 255-FZ of 29 December 2006 on Compulsory Social Insurance for Temporary Disability and Cases Related to Maternity.

15.02) Old-age, invalidity and survivors benefit
     Act No. 27-FZ of 1 April 1996 on individual (personal) registration in the system of compulsory pension insurance. (Text No. 1401)
     Act No. 167-FZ of 15 December 2001 on compulsory pension insurance in the Russian Federation (Text No. 4832).
     Act No. 173-FZ of 17 December 2001 on work-related pensions (Text No. 4920).
     Act No. 166-FZ of 15 December 2001 on State pension insurance in the Russian Federation (Text No. 4831).
     Act No. 75-FZ of 7 May 1998 on private pension funds (Text No. 2071).

15.03) Employment accident and occupational disease benefit
     Act No. 125-FZ of 24 July 1998 on compulsory social insurance against occupational accidents and diseases, as amended.

15.05) Social assistance and services
     Act No. 4531-I on displaced persons in necessity (Text No. 427).
     Act No. 134-FZ of 24 October 1997 on the Minimum Living Wage(Text No. 4904).
     Act No. 195 of 10 December 1995 on the basis of social services for the population (Text No. 4872)
     Law No. 178-FZ of 17 July 1999 on State Social Assistance.

16) Maternity protection
     Act No. 81-FZ of 19 May 1995 on State benefits to citizens with children. (Text No. 1929)
     Law No. 255-FZ of 29 December 2006 on Compulsory Social Insurance for Temporary Disability and Cases Related to Maternity.

17) Migrant workers
     Act No. 115-FZ of 25 July 2002 on the legal situation of foreign citizens.
     Act No. 4528-I on refugees (Text No. 425).

18) Seafarers
     Decree of the Russian Federation No.996 of 6 November 2013 concerning Measures to be taken to ensure the Fulfilment of the Russian Federation's Obligations with respect to the ILO Maritime Labour Convention 2006.
     Merchant Marine Code of 30 April 1999 (Text No. 2207).

22.10) Public and civil servants
     Law No. 79-FZ of 27 July 2004 on State Civil Service
  
 

  
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Last updated: Wednesday - 13th November 2019