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India


Basic labour law information

India - Basic laws in NATLEX

01.01) Constitutional law
     Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) Order, 1950 (No. S.R.O. 510).
     Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Order, 1950 (No. S.R.O. 385).
     Constitution of India.

01.02) Labour codes, general labour and employment acts
     Factories Act 1948 (No. 63 of 1948).

01.03) Civil, commercial and family law
     Citizenship Act, 1955 (Act No. 57 of 1955).

01.05) Human rights
     Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993 (No. 10 of 1994)
     Protection of Civil Rights Act, 1955 (No. 22 of 1955).

01.06) Economic and social policy
     The Industries (Development and Regulation) Act 1951 (No. 65 of 1951).

01.07) Environmental, Climate and Sustainable Development Laws
     Environment Protection Act 1986 (No. 29 of 1986).

02) Freedom of association, collective bargaining and industrial relations
     Trade Unions Act 1926 (No. 16 of 1926).
     Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act, 1946 (No. 20 of 1946).
     Industrial Disputes Act, 1947 (No. 14 of 1947).

03) Elimination of forced labour
     Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act, 1956 (No. 104 of 1956).
     Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act 1976 (No. 19 of 1976) [as amended]

04) Elimination of child labour, protection of children and young persons
     Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act 1986 (No. 61 of 1986).
     Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009 (No. 35 of 2009).

04.01) Hazardous child labour
     Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act 1986 (No. 61 of 1986).

05) Equality of opportunity and treatment
     Prohibition of Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act (No. 25 of 2013).
     Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition, and Redressal) Act, 2013 (No. 14 of 2013).
     Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Order, 1950 (No. S.R.O. 385).
     Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) Order, 1950 (No. S.R.O. 510).

05.01) Non-discrimination
     National Commission for Minorities Act, 1992 (No. 19 of 1992).
     Equal Remuneration Act 1976 (No. 25 of 1976).

07) Labour administration
     Labour Laws (Exemptions from Furnishing Returns and Maintaining Registers by Certain Establishments) Act, 1988 (No. 51 of 1988).

07.02) Labour statistics
     Collection of Statistics Act, 2008 (No. 7 of 2009).

08) Employment policy, promotion of employment and employment services
     Employment Exchanges (Compulsory Notification of Vacancies) Act 1959 (No. 31 of 1959) [as amended].

08.01) Disabled workers
     Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995 (No. 1 of 1996).
     Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016 (No. 49 of 2016).

09) Education, vocational guidance and training
     Apprentices Act, 1961 (No. 52 of 1961)
     Central Universities Act, 2009 (No. 25 of 2009).

11) Cooperatives
     Multi-State Cooperative Societies Act, 2002 (No. 9 of 2002).

12) Conditions of employment
     Contract Labour (Regulation and Abolition) Act 1970 (No. 37 of 1970).
     Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act, 1946 (No. 20 of 1946).

12.02) Wages
     The Payment of Gratuity Act 1972 (No. 39 of 1972).
     The Payment of Wages Act 1936 (Act No. 4 of 1936).
     The Payment of Bonus Act 1965 (No. 21 of 1965).
     The Minimum Wages Act 1948 (No. 11 of 1948).

13.01) Hours of work, weekly rest and paid leave
     The Weekly Holidays Act 1942 (No. 18 of 1942) [as amended].

14) Occupational safety and health
     Factories Act 1948 (No. 63 of 1948).

15) Social security (general standards)
     Employees' State Insurance Act, 1948 (No. 34 of 1948).

15.02) Old-age, invalidity and survivors benefit
     Employees' Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952 (No. 19 of 1952)[as amended]

15.03) Employment accident and occupational disease benefit
     Employee's Compensation Act, 1923 (No. 8 of 1923).
     The Fatal Accidents Act 1855 (No. 13 of 1855) [as amended].

16) Maternity protection
     Maternity Benefit Act 1961 (No. 53 of 1961).
     Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Act, 2017 (No. 6 of 2017).

17) Migrant workers
     Foreigners Act, 1946 (Act No. 31 of 1946).
     Inter-State Migrant Workmen (Regulation of Employment and Conditions of Service) Act, 1979 (No. 30 of 1979) [as amended].

18) Seafarers
     Merchant Shipping Act 1958 (No. 44 of 1958).

20) Dock workers
     Indian Ports Act, 1908 (No. 15 of 1908).
     Dock Workers (Regulation of Employment) Act, 1948 (No. 9 of 1948) [as amended]

21) Indigenous and tribal peoples
     Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) Order, 1950 (No. S.R.O. 510).

22) Specific categories of workers
     Prohibition of Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act (No. 25 of 2013).

22.02) Mining and quarrying workers
     The Mines Act 1952 (No. 35 of 1952).

22.07) Transport and communication workers
     Railway Servants (Hours of Work And Period of Rest) Rules, 2005 (G.S.R.75).

22.10) Public and civil servants
     Central Civil Services (Conduct) Rules, 1964 (S.O. 4177).
     Central Civil Services (Recognition of Service Association) Rules, 1993 (GSR No. 689 (E)).
  
 

  
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Last updated: Wednesday - 20th November 2019