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Basic labour law information

Belarus - Basic laws in NATLEX

01.01) Constitutional law
     Constitution of the Republic of Belarus of 1994 [consolidated version].

01.02) Labour codes, general labour and employment acts
     Labour Code of 26 July 1999 (Text No. 432).
     Act No. 125-Z of 15 June 2006 on the employment of the population.

01.03) Civil, commercial and family law
     Act No. 136-Z of 1 August 2002 on citizenship (Text No. 885).
     Civil Code of 7 December 1998 (Text No. 101).

01.04) Criminal and penal law
     Penal Procedure Code on Administrative Offenses No. 194-Z of 20 December 2006.
     Penal Code of 9 July 1999 (Text No. 420).

01.06) Economic and social policy
     Law No. 148-3 of 1 July 2010 on Supporting Small and Medium Entrepreneurship.

02) Freedom of association, collective bargaining and industrial relations
     Law No. 1605-XII of 22 April 1992 on Trade Unions.
     Act of 30 December 1997 on gatherings, meetings, street processions, demonstrations and picketing, as amended.

03) Elimination of forced labour
     Law No. 350-3 of 7 January 2012 on Combating Human Trafficking.

04) Elimination of child labour, protection of children and young persons
     Act No. 1629-XII of 24 April 1992 on general concepts of State youth policy.
     Act of 19 November 1993 on children's rights.

04.01) Hazardous child labour
     Resolution of the Ministry of Health of Belarus No. 13 of 2 February 1995 concerning the list of jobs that are prohibited for the employment of persons under eighteen years of age.

05.02) Workers with family responsibilities
     Presidential Decree No. 41 of 19 January 2012 on State Social Assistance.
     Act of 30 October 1992 on State benefits for families raising children.

08.01) Disabled workers
     Act No. 564 of 17 October 1994 for prevention of disability and rehabilitation of the disabled.
     Act No. 1224-XII of 11 November 1991 on social protection of the disabled.

09) Education, vocational guidance and training
     Republic of Belarus Education Code of 13 January 2011 (No. 243-W).

12.02) Wages
     Act No. 239 of 6 January 1999 on the minimum living wage (Text No. 91).
     Act No. 423 of 18 July 2000 on economic insolvency (bankruptcy) (Text No. 361).
     Decree of the Council of Ministers No. 744 of 31 July 2014 on Workers Wages.

14) Occupational safety and health
     Law No. 354-Z of 5 January 2016 "On Occupational Safety".

14.01) Protection against particular hazards
     Act No. 122 of 5 January 1998 on protection of the population against radiation (Text No. 25).

15) Social security (general standards)
     Act No. 138 of 31 January 1995 on principles of State Social Insurance.
     Act No. 395-3 of 22 May 2000 on social care.
     Act No. 322 of 11 November 1999 on State minimum social standards (Text No. 514).

15.01) Medical care and sickness benefit
     Act on Public Health.

15.02) Old-age, invalidity and survivors benefit
     Pensions Act of 17 April 1992.

15.05) Social assistance and services
     Presidential Decree No. 41 of 19 January 2012 on State Social Assistance.

15.06) Administration and financing
     Act No. 230 of 6 January 1999 on individual (personal) registration in the system of State social insurance (Text No. 94).

17) Migrant workers
     Order No. 832 of the Council of Ministers on measures to regulate immigration for employment purposes.
     Law No. 225-3 of 30 December 2010 on Foreign Labour Migration.
     Act No. 2339-XII concerning the legal status of foreigners and stateless persons, as last amended by Act No. 422-3 of 18 July 2000 (Consolidation).

18) Seafarers
     Code of 15 November 1999 on the merchant marine (Text No. 513).

22.10) Public and civil servants
     Act No. 416 of 23 November 1993 on the fundamental principles of employment in the public service.
     Law No. 204-Z of 14 June 2003 on Public Service in the Republic of Belarus (Text No. 2/953).

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Last updated: Wednesday - 26th February 2020