Normalisation Programme of Spain, 2005
In 2000, the Organic Law 4/2000 concerning the rights and liberties of foreigners in Spain and their social integration was approved. This law, and the accompanying Real Decreto 2393/2004 which entered into force in 2005, established a comprehensive framework for 'normalising' undocumented workers. The programme applied to foreign workers who had resided in Spain for over six months and had no prior criminal record. Eligibility was also dependent on a future bona fide work contract of at least six months (three months for those working in agriculture). Approximately 800,000 undocumented immigrants were expected to be eligible, and 700,000 requests for normalisation were received. 577,923 of these were approved, and about 81 per cent of 'normalised' workers joined the social security system. Approved applicants received a renewable one-year residence and work permit. Spain has since passed legal reforms to ease the requirements for the renewal of the residence permits, to avoid an increase in the number of people with undocumented status as a result of the economic crisis and rising unemployment.