Understanding how communities view migration and displacement in the context of climate change
- Responsible Organisations: International Labour Organization (ILO) (International Organisation); UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP) (International Organisation); United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) (International Organisation); United Nations University Institute for Environment and Human Security (UNU-EHS) (Civil society); University of the South Pacific (USP) (Civil society)
- ILO Regions: Asia and the Pacific
- Country(ies): Kiribati; Tuvalu
- Thematic areas: Evidence-based policy making
- MLFLM: 3.
While there has been much speculation about whether the i-Kiribati and Tuvaluans will migrate internationally to avoid displacement due to climate change, there has been an absence of information about how communities themselves view migration, and whether migration is something that they have tried and/or want to pursue in the future. Pursuant to an EU-funded project jointly implemented by UNESCAP and ILO, the UN partnered with the UN University (UNU-EHS) and the University of the South Pacific (USP) to carry out survey research across a number of islands in Kiribati, Tuvalu and Nauru, to better understand how communities view climate change and migration and to carry out modelling to better understand how future migration patterns will look with future climate change impacts. Using household surveys, participatory research meetings and expert interviews, the researchers collated significant results in all three countries. An analytical report of the community attitudes for each of the three countries is currently being developed, which will also incorporate climate change-induced forecasting for Tuvalu and Kiribati. The reports will be launched during a side meeting at UN COP 21 in Paris and will form the basis of consultations with Government and community stakeholders on the results, and the development of national action strategies to address the impacts of climate change on migration. Research analysis is currently ongoing.