Education and training for Egyptian youth in Fayoum Governorate
- Responsible Organisations: International Organization for Migration (IOM) (International Organisation); Government of Egypt (Government); Government of Italy (Government)
- ILO Regions: Africa; Europe and Central Asia
- Country(ies): Egypt; Italy
- Thematic areas: Policy coherence
- MLFLM: 1.(a),(b); 2.; 4.; 5.; 7.; 12.; 15.
- Sectors: Hotel, catering and tourism
Over the past decade, the number of Egyptian youth migrating irregularly to European countries and in particular to Italy has increased dramatically, due mainly to a lack of job opportunities. In December 2009, the Italian and Egyptian Governments signed an agreement to enhance bilateral cooperation on the issue through specific interventions aimed at providing alternative and durable solutions for vulnerable Egyptian youth residing in areas affected by high rates of unemployment and irregular migration. Between 2010 and 2013, the International Organization for Migration (IOM), through its project on 'Education and Training for Egyptian Youth', worked in Fayoum Governorate to strengthen youth access to education and training. As part of the project, the Fayoum Advanced Technical School for Hotel Management and Tourism Services was renovated, and modern equipment and furniture was installed. A new educational system was established based on the 3+2 model, which allows flexible entry into the labour market even at an early stage; curricula were harmonised in line with the European qualification framework system and were adjusted to include Italian as a first foreign language besides English; 60 teachers were trained; the school management system was improved; and a Career Guidance Unit was established offering school-to-work transition support for students and graduates. As part of a training mobility scheme, high achieving students were selected to attend a two-week vocational training and orientation programme at the E. Cornaro School for Tourism and Hotel Management and Catering in Venice, Italy, followed by a four-week on the job training with Italian enterprises. This work was complemented with a media and information campaign to enhance awareness of the dangers of irregular migration and promote education and training as a positive alternative.