Vocational education and training system (VET) to prevent labour exploitation and contribute to protecting the human rights of migrant workers
- Responsible Organisations: International Organization for Migration (IOM) (International Organisation); Government of Kyrgyzstan (Government)
- ILO Regions: Europe and Central Asia
- Country(ies): Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Russian Federation
- Thematic areas: Policy coherence
- MLFLM: 1.(a),(b); 2.; 4.; 5.; 7.; 12.; 15.
- Sectors: Agriculture and fishing; Construction; Engineering
With the support of the European Union, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and the Kyrgyz Government together with NGO partners launched a national project - 'Towards Improved Vocational Education and Training in Kyrgyzstan' - in 2012. The two-year project introduced short-term (6-12 month) vocational training courses for potential migrant workers within the vocational education and training (VET) system. The majority of migrants from Kyrgyzstan do not have any certified skills or a profession, and are thus vulnerable to various kinds of abuse including labour exploitation. The project was launched to contribute to the prevention of violations of migrant workers' rights and to help them obtain professional skills that are in demand not only in the domestic labour market but also abroad. The project operated under the assumption that migrant workers with certified skills are less susceptible to exploitation and abuse, as employers try to keep qualified and skilled migrants by paying them higher salaries and providing them with better social benefits. The project managed to create five short-term training modules based on ILO's Modular Skills Training methodology, for roofers, vehicular crane operators, car mechanists (fuel injected systems); car mechanists (electronics) and processors of agricultural produce. Following a desk analysis, these professions were found to be most in demand in Kyrgyzstan and in neighbouring Kazakhstan and Russia where the majority of Kyrgyz migrants migrate for work.