Monitoring of the WHO Global Code of Practice on the International Recruitment of Health Personnel: The Philippine Multi-Stakeholder Approach
- Responsible Organisations: International Labour Organization (ILO) (International Organisation); World Health Organization (WHO) (International Organisation); Philippines Department of Health (DOH) (Government); Philippines Department of Labour and Employment (DOLE) (Government)
- ILO Regions: Asia and the Pacific
- Country(ies): Philippines
- Thematic areas: Evidence-based policy making; Fair recruitment; Migration and development
- MLFLM: 3.; 13.; 15.
- Sectors: Health
The WHO's Global Code of Practice on the International Recruitment of Health Personnel, adopted in 2010, aims to establish and promote voluntary principles and practices for the ethical international recruitment of health personnel and to facilitate the strengthening of health systems. The implementation of the Code is monitored in Member States through the use of the 'National Reporting Instrument' (NRI) questionnaire. In 2012, the Department of Health of the Philippines (DOH) conducted an assessment of the implementation of the Code with the participation of multiple stakeholders. It did so at the initiative of the ILO's Decent Work Across Borders (DWAB) project, in partnership with the Department of Labour and Employment (DOLE) and with support from WHO's Western Pacific Regional Office. Five groups were identified as key stakeholders in the Code's implementation process: the government, trade unions, employers' organisations, recruitment agencies, and professional organisations. A worksheet was developed to facilitate understanding of the Code and the NRI; and to collect supplementary information to address gaps in the NRI. Preliminary awareness raising sessions on the WHO Code and ethical recruitment were organised for each group of stakeholders prior to them completing the NRI and supplementary tool. A draft joint report combining the inputs of each stakeholder group was produced and discussed in a first multi-stakeholder meeting. The additional information collected during this first joint meeting was then included in the final report that was presented to the WHO. The monitoring process helped increase knowledge of the WHO Code, ethical recruitment and the roles and responsibilities of each stakeholder to promote ethical recruitment through a genuine social dialogue process. The reporting model applied in the Philippines has been shared and discussed in various international fora as an example of a good practice.