|Mandatory health insurance is the public system, which guarantees all the citizens equal opportunities to receive medical care in accordance with the annually adopted programs.
All Russian citizens, foreigners and refugees living in the Russian Federation are insured in the framework of the mandatory health insurance. The scheme is financed by employers¿ contributions (5,1 percent of payroll) and local authorities contributions paid for non-working population (to territorial funds only).
Federal Fund of the mandatory health insurance is considered to be the main insurer and is financed by employers¿ contributions in the amount of 2,1 percent of payroll (out of total contribution of 5,1 %) and federal budget means.
The Federal Fund designs the Basic program of the mandatory health insurance as the part of the Program of the State Guarantees of Free Health Services Provisions to the Citizens of the Russian Federation. The Basic program determines types of public health services, amounts and rates of services provided in the framework of mandatory health insurance and serves as the basis for development of the territorial programs of the mandatory health insurance. The main types of services provided in the framework of the mandatory health insurance are primary healthcare and specialized health services.
One of the main tasks of the Federal Fund is to ensure implementation of the state functions in the area of public health by the regional authorities and to equalize the level of medical health provisions in different regions of the Russian Federation by providing subventions and forming reserve of the Federal Fund.
Main Laws: Law from July 22, 1993 No 5487-I "Fundamentals of Legislation on Health Care";
Law from November 29, 2010 "On Mandatory Health Insurance in the Russian Federation"