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» Home » Ecuador » Conjunto de regímenes » 4. MIES - Bono de Desarrollo Humano (originally Bono Solidario) & non contributory pensions

Ecuador

Regímenes

 
Nombre del régimen en inglés Nombre en lengua local Público/ Privado Contributivo Nivel del gobierno
4. MIES - Bono de Desarrollo Humano (originally Bono Solidario) & non contributory pensions Ministry of Social and Economic Inclusion Public mandatory Non contributory Central government
  1. Agencies involved: Government of Ecuador
  2. Year started: 2003
  3. Programme Description: The programme pays monthly means tested benefits to poor households with children, elderly and the disabled
  4. Programme Objectives: Reduce the poverty gap; reduce the levels of chronic malnutrition and preventable diseases in children up to 5 years of age; maintain enrolment and 80% attendance rates for beneficiary children ages 6-16.
  5. Transfers: Monthly income transfer conditioned on meeting education and health requirements
      li>US$ 15 a month per household; senior and disabled heads of household receive US$11.50 per month.
    1. Conditions- For children aged 6¿16 year old: attending school regularly (more than 80%). For children under 5: regular health post visits for growth and development checkups and immunizations
  6. Target population and coverage: Households with children age 0-16 in the poorest 2 quintiles, and poor households with elderly and/or disabled members, represent 5.2 million people, or 1.2 million households (about 40%population). In 2009, there were 246 thousand beneficiary households
  7. Poverty incidence: 43.0%; beneficiaries poor: 17% (2008)
  8. Selection of beneficiaries: Through the Sistema de Identificación y Selección de Beneficiarios de Programas Sociales
  9. Monitoring and Evaluation: Monitoring and evaluation has been set in place for the 2004 re-launched programme, but some independent evaluation studies are available
  10. Evaluation results: A high positive impact on school enrolment and attendance, and a high negative impact on child labour: school enrolment increased by around 10 %age points, whereas child labour fell by 17% age points. The probability of a boy or girl from any household receiving BDH working was 6.2 %age points less than for those not receiving the bond. Boys and girls in households receiving the BDH worked 2.5 hours less than girls and boys who did not receive the bono.
  11. Cost: 0.7% of GDP in 2008; US$ 200 million in 2006, equivalent to 0.5% of GDP
  12. Implementation Issues: Poor targeting, introduction of conditioning in 2003: the oldest school age child must show they have attended school for most of term, and mothers must show they have attended primary health care facilities and nutrition training.
  13. Programme and Evaluation Sources
    1. Hessel Oosterbeek Juan Ponce Norbert Schady (2008) The Impact of Income Transfers on School Enrolment: Evidence from Ecuador, The World Bank Development Research Group, Policy Research Working Paper 4645 Impact Evaluation Series No. 22 | More
    2. Schady, N. and Araujo, M. C. (2008), ¿Cash Transfers, Conditions, and School Enrolment in Equador¿, Economia, Spring, pp. 43-77. | More
    3. (2008) Child labour and conditional cash transfer programmes in Latin America, International Labour Organization, | More

Grupo al que se dirige el régimen (categoría de la población)
    2012       2011       2010       2009       2008       2007       2006       2005       2004       2003       2002       2001       2000       
Afiliación al régimen (número de miembros cotizantes y afiliados)
    2012        2011        2010        2009        2008        2007        2006        2005        2004        2003        2002        2001        2000       
Gastos del régimen
    2012        2011        2010        2009        2008        2007        2006        2005        2004        2003        2002        2001        2000       
Ingresos del régimen
    2012        2011        2010        2009        2008        2007        2006        2005        2004        2003        2002        2001        2000       
Prestaciones del régimen

» Old age non-contributory pension
Basic; Periodic; Cash; Total Individuals; Means-test; Old Age

» Menores de edad con discapacido Menores de edad con discapacido
Basic; Periodic; Cash; Total Individuals; No means-test; Disability

» Families benefit: BONO DE DESARROLLO HUMANO Protección de consumo de la familia
Basic; Periodic; Cash; Total Individuals; Means-test; Family and Children

» Disabilty pension Pensións Personas con discapacidad
Basic; Periodic; Cash; Total Individuals; Means-test; Disability


 
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