Highly flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire. Vapour/air mixtures are explosive.
NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking. NO contact with oxidizing agents. Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Do NOT use compressed air for filling, discharging, or handling.
Use water spray, powder, alcohol-resistant foam, carbon dioxide. In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest.
Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap.
Redness. Pain. Blurred vision.
Wear safety goggles.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.
Abdominal pain. Sore throat. Vomiting. See Inhalation.
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
Rinse mouth. Refer for medical attention .
CLASSIFICATION & LABELLING
Ventilation. Remove all ignition sources. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.
According to UN GHS Criteria
Transportation UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 3; UN Pack Group: II
Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants. Cool. Well closed. Keep in a well-ventilated room.
PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL INFORMATION
Physical State; Appearance CLEAR COLOURLESS LIQUID WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.
Physical dangers The vapour mixes well with air, explosive mixtures are easily formed.
Chemical dangers Reacts with strong oxidants. This generates fire and explosion hazard. Attacks some forms of plastic and rubber.
Formula: C3H8O / CH3CH2CH2OH
Molecular mass: 60.1
Boiling point: 97°C Melting point: -127°C Relative density (water = 1): 0.8 Solubility in water: miscible Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 2.0 Relative vapour density (air = 1): 2.1 Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.02 Flash point: 15°C c.c. Auto-ignition temperature: 371°C Explosive limits, vol% in air: 2.1-13.5 Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 0.25
EXPOSURE & HEALTH EFFECTS
Routes of exposure The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour and by ingestion.
Effects of short-term exposure The substance is irritating to the eyes. The substance may cause effects on the central nervous system. Exposure at high levels could cause unconsciousness.
Inhalation risk A harmful contamination of the air will be reached rather slowly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C; on spraying or dispersing, however, much faster.
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure The substance defats the skin, which may cause dryness or cracking.
OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS
TLV: 100 ppm as TWA; A4 (not classifiable as a human carcinogen)
Use of alcoholic beverages enhances the harmful effect.
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