Combustible. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO open flames.
Use water spray, foam, powder, carbon dioxide.
PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST!
Use local exhaust or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest.
Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap.
Wear safety spectacles.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.
Abdominal pain. Headache. Nausea. Vomiting.
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
Rinse mouth. Rest. Refer for medical attention .
CLASSIFICATION & LABELLING
Personal protection: particulate filter respirator adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Sweep spilled substance into sealable containers. If appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting. Carefully collect remainder.
According to UN GHS Criteria
Transportation UN Classification
Separated from strong oxidants and food and feedstuffs. Keep in a well-ventilated room.
PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL INFORMATION
Physical State; Appearance COLOURLESS-TO-PALE-YELLOW CRYSTALS WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.
Chemical dangers Decomposes on burning. This produces toxic gases of hydrogen chloride and phosgene. Reacts with strong oxidants. This generates fire and explosion hazard.
Molecular mass: 265.9
Boiling point: 312-360°C Melting point: 182°C Density: 1.6 g/cm³ Solubility in water: none Vapour pressure, Pa at 25°C: <0.1 Relative vapour density (air = 1): 9.2 Flash point: 210°C o.c. Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 5.75-6.19
EXPOSURE & HEALTH EFFECTS
Routes of exposure The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of fume and through the skin.
Effects of short-term exposure The substance is mildly irritating to the eyes and skin.
Inhalation risk A harmful contamination of the air will not or will only very slowly be reached on evaporation of this substance at 20°C; on spraying or dispersing, however, much faster.
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure The substance may have effects on the liver. This may result in liver impairment.
OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS
TLV: 2 mg/m3, as TWA
Bioaccumulation of this chemical may occur in fish. It is strongly advised not to let the chemical enter into the environment. The substance may cause long-term effects in the aquatic environment.
The health effects may vary with the proportion of the different isomers present.
All rights reserved. The published material is being distributed without warranty of any kind, either expressed or implied.
Neither ILO nor WHO nor the European Commission shall be responsible for the interpretation and use of the information contained in this material.