Highly flammable. Heating will cause rise in pressure with risk of bursting. Vapour/air mixtures are explosive.
NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking. Closed system, ventilation, explosion-proof electrical equipment and lighting. Prevent build-up of electrostatic charges (e.g., by grounding). Do NOT use compressed air for filling, discharging, or handling.
Use powder, foam, carbon dioxide. In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water. Combat fire from a sheltered position.
Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention .
Wear safety spectacles or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
Rinse mouth. Give a slurry of activated charcoal in water to drink. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention .
CLASSIFICATION & LABELLING
Evacuate danger area! Personal protection: self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT wash away into sewer. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.
According to UN GHS Criteria
Transportation UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 3; UN Pack Group: II
Fireproof. Separated from strong oxidants. Cool. Keep in a well-ventilated room.
PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL INFORMATION
Physical State; Appearance COLOURLESS LIQUID WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.
Physical dangers The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible. As a result of flow, agitation, etc., electrostatic charges can be generated.
Chemical dangers Reacts violently with oxidants.
Formula: C8H16 / H2C=C(CH3)CH2C(CH3)3
Molecular mass: 112.2
Boiling point: 101°C Melting point: -93°C Relative density (water = 1): 0.7 Solubility in water: none Vapour pressure, kPa at 38°C: 10 Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3.9 Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.3 Flash point: -5°C Auto-ignition temperature: 391°C Explosive limits, vol% in air: 0.8-4.8 Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 4.55
EXPOSURE & HEALTH EFFECTS
Routes of exposure The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation.
Effects of short-term exposure The substance is irritating to the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. Exposure to high concentrations could cause unconsciousness.
Inhalation risk A harmful contamination of the air can be reached very quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C.
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS
The substance is toxic to aquatic organisms. Bioaccumulation of this chemical may occur in fish. It is strongly advised not to let the chemical enter into the environment because it is persistent.
Health effects of exposure to the substance have not been investigated.
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