Combustible under specific conditions. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO open flames.
Use water spray, powder, foam, carbon dioxide.
PREVENT DISPERSION OF DUST! AVOID EXPOSURE OF (PREGNANT) WOMEN!
Use local exhaust or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap.
Wear safety spectacles.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
Rinse mouth. Refer for medical attention .
CLASSIFICATION & LABELLING
Personal protection: P2 filter respirator for harmful particles. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Sweep spilled substance into covered sealable containers. If appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting. Carefully collect remainder. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.
According to UN GHS Criteria
Transportation UN Classification
Provision to contain effluent from fire extinguishing.
PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL INFORMATION
Physical State; Appearance COLOURLESS-TO-WHITE CRYSTALS WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR.
Chemical dangers Decomposes on burning. This produces toxic and corrosive fumes including hydrogen chloride.
Molecular mass: 250.3
Boiling point: 275-277°C Melting point: 86°C Relative density (water = 1): 1.8 Solubility in water: none Vapour pressure, Pa at 25°C: ~ 2 Relative vapour density (air = 1): 8.6 Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1.00 Octanol/water partition coefficient as log Pow: 5.03/5.63
EXPOSURE & HEALTH EFFECTS
Routes of exposure The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and by ingestion.
Effects of short-term exposure
Inhalation risk A harmful contamination of the air will not or will only very slowly be reached on evaporation of this substance at 20°C; on spraying or dispersing, however, much faster.
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure The substance may have effects on the liver. This may result in liver impairment. Animal tests show that this substance possibly causes toxicity to human reproduction or development.
OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS
The substance is very toxic to aquatic organisms. Bioaccumulation of this chemical may occur in fish, milk, plants and mammals. The substance may cause long-term effects in the aquatic environment. This substance may be hazardous to the environment. Special attention should be given to its persistence in soil and its adsorption into sediments.
Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested.
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