Flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire. Above 52°C explosive vapour/air mixtures may be formed.
NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking. Above 52°C use a closed system, ventilation and explosion-proof electrical equipment.
Use water spray, foam, alcohol-resistant foam, dry powder, carbon dioxide. In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water.
Cough. Laboured breathing. Sore throat.
Use ventilation, local exhaust or breathing protection.
Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer for medical attention.
Redness. Pain. Skin burns.
Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention .
Blurred vision. Severe deep burns.
Wear face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.
Burning sensation. Abdominal pain. Shock or collapse.
Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
Rinse mouth. Give one or two glasses of water to drink. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention .
CLASSIFICATION & LABELLING
Personal protection: chemical protection suit and filter respirator for organic gases and vapours adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Remove all ignition sources. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in covered containers as far as possible.
According to UN GHS Criteria
Transportation UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 3; UN Subsidiary Risks: 8; UN Pack Group: III
Fireproof. Separated from oxidants. Well closed.
PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL INFORMATION
Physical State; Appearance COLOURLESS LIQUID.
Chemical dangers Decomposes on burning. This produces toxic fumes of nitrogen oxides. The solution in water is a medium strong base. Reacts with oxidants.
Molecular mass: 88.2
Boiling point: 142-150°C Relative density (water = 1): 0.85 Solubility in water: very good Vapour pressure, kPa at 20°C: 0.6 Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3 Relative density of the vapour/air-mixture at 20°C (air = 1): 1 Flash point: 52°C o.c.
EXPOSURE & HEALTH EFFECTS
Routes of exposure The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its vapour, through the skin and by ingestion.
Effects of short-term exposure The substance is corrosive to the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. Corrosive on ingestion.
Inhalation risk A harmful concentration of airborne particles can be reached quickly on spraying.
Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS
Environmental effects from the substance have not been investigated adequately.
Explosive limits are unknown in literature, although the substance is combustible and has a flash point < 61°C. Health effects of exposure to the substance have not been investigated adequately.
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