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CALCIUM CYANIDEICSC: 0407
Calcyanide
Calcyan
November 2019
CAS #: 592-01-8
UN #: 1575
EC Number: 209-740-0

  ACUTE HAZARDS PREVENTION FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE & EXPLOSION Not combustible but forms flammable gas on contact with water or damp air. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire. See Chemical dangers    NO open flames, NO sparks and NO smoking. NO contact with water, carbon dioxide or acids. NO contact with hot surfaces.    Use powder, dry sand. NO hydrous agents. NO water. NO carbon dioxide.   

 AVOID ALL CONTACT! IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR! 
  SYMPTOMS PREVENTION FIRST AID
Inhalation Headache. Weakness. Dizziness. Cough. Chest tightness. Laboured breathing. Shortness of breath. Irregular heartbeat. Confusion. Convulsions. Unconsciousness.  Use local exhaust or breathing protection.  Administration of oxygen may be needed. Fresh air, rest. Artificial respiration may be needed. No mouth-to-mouth artificial respiration. Refer immediately for medical attention. See Notes. 
Skin MAY BE ABSORBED! Redness. Further see Inhalation.  Protective gloves. Protective clothing.  Wear protective gloves when administering first aid. Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer immediately for medical attention . See Notes. 
Eyes Redness. Pain.  Wear safety spectacles, face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection if powder.  Rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible). Refer immediately for medical attention. 
Ingestion Nausea. Vomiting. Further see Inhalation.  Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work. Wash hands before eating.  Rinse mouth. Administration of oxygen may be needed. NO mouth-to-mouth artificial respiration. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer immediately for medical attention. See Notes. 

SPILLAGE DISPOSAL CLASSIFICATION & LABELLING
Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Do NOT wash away into sewer. Sweep spilled substance into covered containers. Carefully collect remainder. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations. Prevent contact with water or moist substances. 

According to UN GHS Criteria

skull;toxicenviro;aqua
Fatal if swallowed
Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects 

Transportation
UN Classification
UN Hazard Class: 6.1; UN Pack Group: I 

STORAGE
Store only in original container. Separated from water, acids, carbon dioxide and food and feedstuffs. Well closed. Fireproof. Dry. Store in an area without drain or sewer access. Provision to contain effluent from fire extinguishing. 
PACKAGING
Airtight.
Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
Marine pollutant. 
CALCIUM CYANIDE ICSC: 0407
PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL INFORMATION

Physical State; Appearance
COLOURLESS CRYSTALS OR WHITE POWDER WITH CHARACTERISTIC ODOUR. 

Physical dangers
 

Chemical dangers
Decomposes above 350°C . This produces highly toxic fumes including nitrogen oxides and hydrogen cyanide (see ICSC 0492). Reacts with water, moist air, carbon dioxide, acids and acid salts. This produces highly toxic and flammable hydrogen cyanide (see ICSC 0492). 

Formula: C2CaN2 / Ca(CN)2
Molecular mass: 92.1
Decomposes at >350°C
Density (at 20 °C): 1.9 g/cm³
Solubility in water: freely soluble 


EXPOSURE & HEALTH EFFECTS

Routes of exposure
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation, through the skin and by ingestion. 

Effects of short-term exposure
The substance is irritating to the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. The substance may cause effects on the cellular respiration. This may result in convulsions and unconsciousness. Exposure could cause death. Medical observation is indicated. See Notes. 

Inhalation risk
A harmful concentration of airborne particles can be reached quickly when dispersed. 

Effects of long-term or repeated exposure
The substance may have effects on the thyroid. This may result in impaired functions. 


OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS
TLV: (ceiling value): 5 mg/m3 as STEL; (skin).
MAK: (as CN): 2 mg/m3; peak limitation category: II(1); skin absorption (H); pregnancy risk group: C 

ENVIRONMENT
The substance is very toxic to aquatic organisms. The substance may cause long-term effects in the aquatic environment. It is strongly advised not to let the chemical enter into the environment. 

NOTES
Do NOT take working clothes home.
Isolate contaminated clothing by sealing in a bag or other container.
Depending on the degree of exposure, periodic medical examination is suggested.
Specific treatment is necessary in case of poisoning with this substance; the appropriate means with instructions must be available.
There is no odour warning even when toxic concentrations are present. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
  EC Classification
 

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