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> GOVERNANCE - home > Employment protection legislation database - EPLex > Thailand

Thailand - Source and scope of regulations



References
  • Labour Protection Act, B.E. 2541, 1998 [LPA]
    Date: 12 Feb 1998; view website » (view in NATLEX »)
  • Labour Protection Act (No. 2), B.E. 2551, 2008 [LPA-No2]
    Date: 15 Feb 2008 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Labour Protection Act (No. 3), B.E. 2551, 2008 [LPA-No3]
    Date: 15 Feb 2008 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Labour Protection Act (No. 4) of December 2010, B.E. 2553, in force since July 2011.
    Date: 27 Dec 2010 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Labour Protection Act (No. 5), B.E. 2560 of January 2017
    Date: 23 Jan 2017 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Labour Protection Act (No. 6), B.E. 2560 of August 2017
    Date: 27 Aug 2017 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Labour Protection Act (No. 7), B.E. 2562 of April 2019
    Date: 04 Apr 2019; view website »
  • Civil and Commercial Code: Book 3, Title VI: Hire of Services, 1985, as amended to Code (No.18), B.E.2551, 2008 [CCC]
    Date: 2008 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Act on Establishment of Labour Courts and Labour Court Procedure, B.E. 2522, 1979 [ALC]
    Date: 30 Apr 1979 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Act on Establishment of Labour Courts and Labour Court Procedure (No. 2), B.E. 2550 of August 2007
    Date: 30 Aug 2007
  • Act on Establishment of Labour Courts and Labour Court Procedure (No.3), B.E. 2558 of December 2015
    Date: 04 Dec 2015
  • Act on Establishment of the Court of Appeal for Specialized Cases, B.E. 2558 of December 2015
    Date: 04 Dec 2015
  • Labour Relations Act, BE 2518, 1975 [LRA]
    Date: 1975 (view in NATLEX »)
Scope
Size of enterprises excluded (≤): none
Workers' categories excluded: civil/public servants; agricultural workers
Remarks:
  • The LPA (which is the main piece of legislation on termination of employment) excludes from its scope public servants and State enterprise employees (art. 4 LPA).
    Public servants and State employees are covered by the State Enterprise Labour Relations Act of 2000.
    Similarly, the Labour Protection Act does not apply to agricultural and home workers (see Ministerial Regulation No. 9 (1998) B.E. 2451 issued under the Labour Protection Act). While, home workers are covered by the Home Workers Protection Act of 2010.
    - The LRA does not apply to the central administration, the provincial administration, the local administration (including the Bangkok Metropolitan and Pattaya City Administration), State enterprises (Art. 4, LRA).

Notes / Remarks
A new Act amending the Labour Protection Act [Labour Protection Act (No. 7)] was adopted in April 2019. Those changes deal with various issues; for example, art.17/1 - termination of employment without prior notice, art.118 - establishing some new rates of severance pay (the length of service more than 10 years but less than 20 years and the length of service more than 20 years), article 120 – relocation of employer’s establishment, etc.



References
  • Labour Protection Act, B.E. 2541, 1998 [LPA]
    Date: 12 Feb 1998; view website » (view in NATLEX »)
  • Labour Protection Act (No. 2), B.E. 2551, 2008 [LPA-No2]
    Date: 15 Feb 2008 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Labour Protection Act (No. 3), B.E. 2551, 2008 [LPA-No3]
    Date: 15 Feb 2008 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Labour Protection Act (No. 4) of December 2010, B.E. 2553, in force since July 2011.
    Date: 27 Dec 2010 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Labour Protection Act (No. 5), B.E. 2560 of January 2017
    Date: 23 Jan 2017 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Labour Protection Act (No. 6), B.E. 2560 of August 2017
    Date: 27 Aug 2017 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Labour Relations Act, BE 2518, 1975 [LRA]
    Date: 1975 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Civil and Commercial Code: Book 3, Title VI: Hire of Services, 1985, as amended to Code (No.18), B.E.2551, 2008 [CCC]
    Date: 2008 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Act on Establishment of Labour Courts and Labour Court Procedure, B.E. 2522, 1979 [ALC]
    Date: 30 Apr 1979 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Act on Establishment of Labour Courts and Labour Court Procedure (No. 2), B.E. 2550 of August 2007
    Date: 30 Aug 2007
  • Act on Establishment of Labour Courts and Labour Court Procedure (No.3), B.E. 2558 of December 2015
    Date: 04 Dec 2015
  • Act on Establishment of the Court of Appeal for Specialized Cases, B.E. 2558 of December 2015
    Date: 04 Dec 2015
Scope
Size of enterprises excluded (≤): none
Workers' categories excluded: civil/public servants; agricultural workers
Remarks:
  • The LPA (which is the main piece of legislation on termination of employment) excludes from its scope public servants and State enterprise employees (art. 4 LPA).
    Public servants and State employees are covered by the State Enterprise Labour Relations Act of 2000.
    Similarly, the Labour Protection Act does not apply to agricultural and home workers (see Ministerial Regulation No. 9 (1998) B.E. 2451 issued under the Labour Protection Act). While, home workers are covered by the Home Workers Protection Act of 2010.
    - The LRA does not apply to the central administration, the provincial administration, the local administration (including the Bangkok Metropolitan and Pattaya City Administration), State enterprises (Art. 4, LRA).


References
  • Labour Protection Act, B.E. 2541, 1998 [LPA]
    Date: 12 Feb 1998; view website » (view in NATLEX »)
  • Labour Protection Act (No. 2), B.E. 2551, 2008 [LPA-No2]
    Date: 15 Feb 2008 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Labour Protection Act (No. 3), B.E. 2551, 2008 [LPA-No3]
    Date: 15 Feb 2008 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Labour Protection Act (No. 4) of December 2010, B.E. 2553, in force since July 2011.
    Date: 27 Dec 2010 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Labour Protection Act (No. 5), B.E. 2560 of January 2017
    Date: 23 Jan 2017 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Labour Protection Act (No. 6), B.E. 2560 of August 2017
    Date: 27 Aug 2017 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Labour Relations Act, BE 2518, 1975 [LRA]
    Date: 1975 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Civil and Commercial Code: Book 3, Title VI: Hire of Services, 1985, as amended to Code (No.18), B.E.2551, 2008 [CCC]
    Date: 2008 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Act on Establishment of Labour Courts and Labour Court Procedure, B.E. 2522, 1979 [ALC]
    Date: 30 Apr 1979 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Act on Establishment of Labour Courts and Labour Court Procedure (No. 2), B.E. 2550 of August 2007
    Date: 30 Aug 2007
  • Act on Establishment of Labour Courts and Labour Court Procedure (No.3), B.E. 2558 of December 2015
    Date: 04 Dec 2015
  • Act on Establishment of the Court of Appeal for Specialized Cases, B.E. 2558 of December 2015
    Date: 04 Dec 2015
Scope
Size of enterprises excluded (≤): none
Workers' categories excluded: civil/public servants; agricultural workers
Remarks:
  • The LPA (which is the main piece of legislation on termination of employment) excludes from its scope public servants and State enterprise employees (art. 4 LPA).
    Public servants and State employees are covered by the State Enterprise Labour Relations Act of 2000.
    Similarly, the Labour Protection Act does not apply to agricultural and home workers (see Ministerial Regulation No. 9 (1998) B.E. 2451 issued under the Labour Protection Act). While, home workers are covered by the Home Workers Protection Act of 2010.
    - The LRA does not apply to the central administration, the provincial administration, the local administration (including the Bangkok Metropolitan and Pattaya City Administration), State enterprises (Art. 4, LRA).


References
  • Labour Protection Act, B.E. 2541, 1998 [LPA]
    Date: 12 Feb 1998; view website » (view in NATLEX »)
  • Labour Protection Act (No. 2), B.E. 2551, 2008 [LPA-No2]
    Date: 15 Feb 2008 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Labour Protection Act (No. 3), B.E. 2551, 2008 [LPA-No3]
    Date: 15 Feb 2008 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Labour Protection Act (No. 4) of December 2010, B.E. 2553, in force since July 2011.
    Date: 27 Dec 2010 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Labour Relations Act, BE 2518, 1975 [LRA]
    Date: 1975 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Civil and Commercial Code: Book 3, Title VI: Hire of Services, 1985, as amended to Code (No.18), B.E.2551, 2008 [CCC]
    Date: 2008 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Act on Establishment of Labour Courts and Labour Court Procedure, B.E. 2522, 1979 [ALC]
    Date: 30 Apr 1979 (view in NATLEX »)
Scope
Size of enterprises excluded (≤): none
Workers' categories excluded: civil/public servants; agricultural workers
Remarks:
  • The LPA (which is the main piece of legislation on termination of employment) excludes from its scope public servants and State enterprise employees (art. 4 LPA).
    Public servants and State employees are covered by the State Enterprise Labour Relations Act of 2000.
    Similarly, the Labour Protection Act does not apply to agricultural and home workers (see Ministerial Regulation No. 9 (1998) B.E. 2451 issued under the Labour Protection Act).

    - The LRA does not apply to the central administration, the provincial administration, the local administration (including the Bangkok Metropolitan and Pattaya City Administration), State enterprises (art. 4, LRA).


Notes / Remarks
A new Act amending the Labour Protection Act [Labour Portection Act (No. 4)] was adopted in December 2010. Those changes which deal with health and safety at work issues do not relate to EPL.



References
  • Labour Protection Act, B.E. 2541, 1998 [LPA]
    Date: 12 Feb 1998; view website » (view in NATLEX »)
  • Labour Protection Act (No. 2), B.E. 2551, 2008 [LPA-No2]
    Date: 15 Feb 2008 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Labour Protection Act (No. 3), B.E. 2551, 2008 [LPA-No3]
    Date: 15 Feb 2008 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Labour Protection Act (No. 4) of December 2010, B.E. 2553, in force since July 2011.
    Date: 27 Dec 2010 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Labour Relations Act, BE 2518, 1975 [LRA]
    Date: 1975 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Civil and Commercial Code: Book 3, Title VI: Hire of Services, 1985, as amended to Code (No.18), B.E.2551, 2008 [CCC]
    Date: 2008 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Act on Establishment of Labour Courts and Labour Court Procedure, B.E. 2522, 1979 [ALC]
    Date: 30 Apr 1979 (view in NATLEX »)
Scope
Size of enterprises excluded (≤): none
Workers' categories excluded: civil/public servants; agricultural workers
Remarks:
  • The LPA (which is the main piece of legislation on termination of employment) excludes from its scope public servants and State enterprise employees (art. 4 LPA).
    Public servants and State employees are covered by the State Enterprise Labour Relations Act of 2000.
    Similarly, the Labour Protection Act does not apply to agricultural and home workers (see Ministerial Regulation No. 9 (1998) B.E. 2451 issued under the Labour Protection Act).

    - The LRA does not apply to the central administration, the provincial administration, the local administration (including the Bangkok Metropolitan and Pattaya City Administration), State enterprises (art. 4, LRA).


Notes / Remarks
A new Act amending the Labour Protection Act [Labour Portection Act (No. 4)] was adopted in December 2010. Those changes which deal with health and safety at work issues do not relate to EPL.



References
  • Labour Protection Act, B.E. 2541, 1998 [LPA]
    Date: 12 Feb 1998; view website » (view in NATLEX »)
  • Labour Protection Act (No. 2), B.E. 2551, 2008 [LPA-No2]
    Date: 15 Feb 2008 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Labour Protection Act (No. 3), B.E. 2551, 2008 [LPA-No3]
    Date: 15 Feb 2008 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Labour Protection Act (No. 4) of December 2010, B.E. 2553, in force since July 2011.
    Date: 27 Dec 2010 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Labour Relations Act, BE 2518, 1975 [LRA]
    Date: 1975 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Civil and Commercial Code: Book 3, Title VI: Hire of Services, 1985, as amended to Code (No.18), B.E.2551, 2008 [CCC]
    Date: 2008 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Act on Establishment of Labour Courts and Labour Court Procedure, B.E. 2522, 1979 [ALC]
    Date: 30 Apr 1979 (view in NATLEX »)
Scope
Size of enterprises excluded (≤): none
Workers' categories excluded: civil/public servants; agricultural workers
Remarks:
  • The LPA (which is the main piece of legislation on termination of employment) excludes from its scope public servants and State enterprise employees (art. 4 LPA).
    Public servants and State employees are covered by the State Enterprise Labour Relations Act of 2000.
    Similarly, the Labour Protection Act does not apply to agricultural and home workers (see Ministerial Regulation No. 9 (1998) B.E. 2451 issued under the Labour Protection Act).

    - The LRA does not apply to the central administration, the provincial administration, the local administration (including the Bangkok Metropolitan and Pattaya City Administration), State enterprises (art. 4, LRA).


Notes / Remarks
A new Act amending the Labour Protection Act [Labour Portection Act (No. 4)] was adopted in December 2010. Those changes which deal with health and safety at work issues do not relate to EPL.



References
  • Labour Protection Act, B.E. 2541, 1998 [LPA]
    Date: 12 Feb 1998; view website » (view in NATLEX »)
  • Labour Protection Act (No. 2), B.E. 2551, 2008 [LPA-No2]
    Date: 15 Feb 2008 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Labour Protection Act (No. 3), B.E. 2551, 2008 [LPA-No3]
    Date: 15 Feb 2008 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Labour Protection Act (No. 4) of December 2010, B.E. 2553, in force since July 2011.
    Date: 27 Dec 2010 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Labour Relations Act, BE 2518, 1975 [LRA]
    Date: 1975 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Civil and Commercial Code: Book 3, Title VI: Hire of Services, 1985, as amended to Code (No.18), B.E.2551, 2008 [CCC]
    Date: 2008 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Act on Establishment of Labour Courts and Labour Court Procedure, B.E. 2522, 1979 [ALC]
    Date: 30 Apr 1979 (view in NATLEX »)
Scope
Size of enterprises excluded (≤): none
Workers' categories excluded: civil/public servants; agricultural workers
Remarks:
  • The LPA (which is the main piece of legislation on termination of employment) excludes from its scope public servants and State enterprise employees (art. 4 LPA).
    Public servants and State employees are covered by the State Enterprise Labour Relations Act of 2000.
    Similarly, the Labour Protection Act does not apply to agricultural and home workers (see Ministerial Regulation No. 9 (1998) B.E. 2451 issued under the Labour Protection Act).

    - The LRA does not apply to the central administration, the provincial administration, the local administration (including the Bangkok Metropolitan and Pattaya City Administration), State enterprises (art. 4, LRA).


Notes / Remarks
A new Act amending the Labour Protection Act [Labour Portection Act (No. 4)] was adopted in December 2010. Those changes which deal with health and safety at work issues do not relate to EPL.



References
  • Labour Protection Act, B.E. 2541, 1998 [LPA]
    Date: 12 Feb 1998; view website » (view in NATLEX »)
  • Labour Protection Act (No. 2), B.E. 2551, 2008 [LPA-No2]
    Date: 15 Feb 2008 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Labour Protection Act (No. 3), B.E. 2551, 2008 [LPA-No3]
    Date: 15 Feb 2008 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Labour Protection Act (No. 4) of December 2010, B.E. 2553, in force since July 2011.
    Date: 27 Dec 2010 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Labour Relations Act, BE 2518, 1975 [LRA]
    Date: 1975 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Civil and Commercial Code: Book 3, Title VI: Hire of Services, 1985, as amended to Code (No.18), B.E.2551, 2008 [CCC]
    Date: 2008 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Act on Establishment of Labour Courts and Labour Court Procedure, B.E. 2522, 1979 [ALC]
    Date: 30 Apr 1979 (view in NATLEX »)
Scope
Size of enterprises excluded (≤): none
Workers' categories excluded: civil/public servants; agricultural workers
Remarks:
  • The LPA (which is the main piece of legislation on termination of employment) excludes from its scope public servants and State enterprise employees (art. 4 LPA).
    Public servants and State employees are covered by the State Enterprise Labour Relations Act of 2000.
    Similarly, the Labour Protection Act does not apply to agricultural and home workers (see Ministerial Regulation No. 9 (1998) B.E. 2451 issued under the Labour Protection Act).

    - The LRA does not apply to the central administration, the provincial administration, the local administration (including the Bangkok Metropolitan and Pattaya City Administration), State enterprises (art. 4, LRA).


Notes / Remarks
A new Act amending the Labour Protection Act [Labour Portection Act (No. 4)] was adopted in December 2010. Those changes which deal with health and safety at work issues do not relate to EPL.



References
  • Labour Protection Act, B.E. 2541, 1998 [LPA]
    Date: 12 Feb 1998; view website » (view in NATLEX »)
  • Labour Protection Act (No. 2), B.E. 2551, 2008 [LPA-No2]
    Date: 15 Feb 2008 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Labour Protection Act (No. 3), B.E. 2551, 2008 [LPA-No3]
    Date: 15 Feb 2008 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Labour Protection Act (No. 4) of December 2010, B.E. 2553, in force since July 2011.
    Date: 27 Dec 2010 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Labour Relations Act, BE 2518, 1975 [LRA]
    Date: 1975 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Civil and Commercial Code: Book 3, Title VI: Hire of Services, 1985, as amended to Code (No.18), B.E.2551, 2008 [CCC]
    Date: 2008 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Act on Establishment of Labour Courts and Labour Court Procedure, B.E. 2522, 1979 [ALC]
    Date: 30 Apr 1979 (view in NATLEX »)
Scope
Size of enterprises excluded (≤): none
Workers' categories excluded: civil/public servants; agricultural workers
Remarks:
  • The LPA (which is the main piece of legislation on termination of employment) excludes from its scope public servants and State enterprise employees (art. 4 LPA).
    Public servants and State employees are covered by the State Enterprise Labour Relations Act of 2000.
    Similarly, the Labour Protection Act does not apply to agricultural and home workers (see Ministerial Regulation No. 9 (1998) B.E. 2451 issued under the Labour Protection Act).

    - The LRA does not apply to the central administration, the provincial administration, the local administration (including the Bangkok Metropolitan and Pattaya City Administration), State enterprises (art. 4, LRA).


Notes / Remarks
A new Act amending the Labour Protection Act [Labour Portection Act (No. 4)] was adopted in December 2010. Those changes which deal with health and safety at work issues do not relate to EPL.



References
  • Labour Protection Act, B.E. 2541, 1998 [LPA]
    Date: 12 Feb 1998; view website » (view in NATLEX »)
  • Labour Protection Act (No. 2), B.E. 2551, 2008 [LPA-No2]
    Date: 15 Feb 2008 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Labour Protection Act (No. 3), B.E. 2551, 2008 [LPA-No3]
    Date: 15 Feb 2008 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Labour Relations Act, BE 2518, 1975 [LRA]
    Date: 1975 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Civil and Commercial Code: Book 3, Title VI: Hire of Services, 1985, as amended to Code (No.18), B.E.2551, 2008 [CCC]
    Date: 2008 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Act on Establishment of Labour Courts and Labour Court Procedure, B.E. 2522, 1979 [ALC]
    Date: 30 Apr 1979 (view in NATLEX »)
Scope
Size of enterprises excluded (≤): none
Workers' categories excluded: civil/public servants; agricultural workers
Remarks:
  • The LPA (which is the main piece of legislation on termination of employment) excludes from its scope public servants and State enterprise employees (art. 4 LPA).
    Public servants and State employees are covered by the State Enterprise Labour Relations Act of 2000.
    Similarly, the Labour Protection Act does not apply to agricultural and home workers (see Ministerial Regulation No. 9 (1998) B.E. 2451 issued under the Labour Protection Act).

    - The LRA does not apply to the central administration, the provincial administration, the local administration (including the Bangkok Metropolitan and Pattaya City Administration), State enterprises (art. 4, LRA).




References
  • Labour Protection Act, B.E. 2541, 1998 [LPA]
    Date: 12 Feb 1998; view website » (view in NATLEX »)
  • Labour Protection Act (No. 2), B.E. 2551, 2008 [LPA-No2]
    Date: 15 Feb 2008 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Labour Protection Act (No. 3), B.E. 2551, 2008 [LPA-No3]
    Date: 15 Feb 2008 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Labour Relations Act, BE 2518, 1975 [LRA]
    Date: 1975 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Civil and Commercial Code: Book 3, Title VI: Hire of Services, 1985, as amended to Code (No.18), B.E.2551, 2008 [CCC]
    Date: 2008 (view in NATLEX »)
  • Act on Establishment of Labour Courts and Labour Court Procedure, B.E. 2522, 1979 [ALC]
    Date: 30 Apr 1979 (view in NATLEX »)
Scope
Size of enterprises excluded (≤): none
Workers' categories excluded: civil/public servants; agricultural workers
Remarks:
  • The LPA (which is the main piece of legislation on termination of employment) excludes from its scope public servants and State enterprise employees (art. 4 LPA).
    Public servants and State employees are covered by the State Enterprise Labour Relations Act of 2000.
    Similarly, the Labour Protection Act does not apply to agricultural and home workers (see Ministerial Regulation No. 9 (1998) B.E. 2451 issued under the Labour Protection Act).

    - The LRA does not apply to the central administration, the provincial administration, the local administration (including the Bangkok Metropolitan and Pattaya City Administration), State enterprises (art. 4, LRA).