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> GOVERNANCE - home > Employment protection legislation database - EPLex > Netherlands

Netherlands - Source and scope of regulations



References
  • Civil Code [CC], Book 7, title 10 1822, as subsequently amended and updated until July 1st, 2017
    (Book 7 Particular agreements,Title 7.10 Employment agreement)
    Date: 01 Jul 2017; view website »
  • Dismissal Regulations (DR)
    Date: 01 Jul 2015; view website » (view in NATLEX »)
  • Collective Redundancy Notification Act [CRNA], 24 March 1976, as subsequently amended in July 2015
    (Wet melding collectief ontslag - available only in Dutch)
    Date: 01 Jul 2015; view website »
  • Equal Treatment Act, 1994 as last amended in 2015
    (Algemene Wet Gelijke Behandeling)
    Date: 01 Jul 2015; view website »
Scope
Size of enterprises excluded (≤): none
Workers' categories excluded: none

References
  • Civil Code [CC], Book 7, title 10 1822, as subsequently amended and updated until July 1st, 2017
    (Book 7 Particular agreements,Title 7.10 Employment agreement)
    Date: 01 Jul 2017; view website »
  • Dismissal Regulations (DR)
    Date: 01 Jul 2015; view website » (view in NATLEX »)
  • Collective Redundancy Notification Act [CRNA], 24 March 1976, as subsequently amended in July 2015
    (Wet melding collectief ontslag - available only in Dutch)
    Date: 01 Jul 2015; view website »
  • Equal Treatment Act, 1994 as last amended in 2015
    (Algemene Wet Gelijke Behandeling)
    Date: 01 Jul 2015; view website »
Scope
Size of enterprises excluded (≤): none
Workers' categories excluded: none

References
NOTE: This information has changed since the previous period covered.
  • Civil Code [CC], Book 7, title 10 1822, as subsequently amended and updated until July 1st, 2017
    (Book 7 Particular agreements,Title 7.10 Employment agreement)
    Date: 01 Jul 2017; view website »
  • Dismissal Regulations (DR)
    Date: 01 Jul 2015; view website » (view in NATLEX »)
  • Collective Redundancy Notification Act [CRNA], 24 March 1976, as subsequently amended in July 2015
    (Wet melding collectief ontslag - available only in Dutch)
    Date: 01 Jul 2015; view website »
  • Equal Treatment Act, 1994 as last amended in 2015
    (Algemene Wet Gelijke Behandeling)
    Date: 01 Jul 2015; view website »
Scope
Size of enterprises excluded (≤): none
Workers' categories excluded: none

References
NOTE: This information has changed since the previous period covered.
  • Civil Code [CC], Book 7, title 10 1822, as subsequently amended and updated until December 8, 2016
    (Book 7 Particular agreements,Title 7.10 Employment agreement)
    Date: 08 Dec 2016; view website »
  • Dismissal Regulations (DR)
    Date: 01 Jul 2015; view website » (view in NATLEX »)
  • Collective Redundancy Notification Act [CRNA], 24 March 1976, as subsequently amended in July 2015
    (Wet melding collectief ontslag - available only in Dutch)
    Date: 01 Jul 2015; view website »
  • Equal Treatment Act, 1994 as last amended in 2015
    (Algemene Wet Gelijke Behandeling)
    Date: 01 Jul 2015; view website »
Scope
Size of enterprises excluded (≤): none
Workers' categories excluded: none

References
NOTE: This information has changed since the previous period covered.
  • Civil Code [CC], Book 7, title 10 1822, as subsequently amended and updated until 11 December, 2015.
    (Book 7 Particular agreements,Title 7.10 Employment agreement)
    Date: 11 Dec 2015; view website »
  • Collective Redundancy Notification Act [CRNA], 24 March 1976, as subsequently amended in July 2015
    (Wet melding collectief ontslag - available only in Dutch)
    Date: 01 Jul 2015; view website »
  • Equal Treatment Act, 1994 as last amended in 2015
    (Algemene Wet Gelijke Behandeling)
    Date: 01 Jul 2015; view website »
  • Dismissal Regulations (DR)
    Date: 01 Jul 2015; view website »
Scope
Size of enterprises excluded (≤): none
Workers' categories excluded: none
NOTE: This information has changed since the previous period covered.


References
NOTE: This information has changed since the previous period covered.
Remarks:
  • Collective Redundancy Notification Act [CRNA], 24 March 1976, has been amended in order to implement the European Union Directive 98/59/EC of 20 July 1998. The new rules are applicable as of March 1, 2012.
  • Civil Code [CC], Book 7, title 10 1822, as subsequently amended and updated until December 11, 2015
    (Book 7 Particular agreements,Title 7.10 Employment agreement)
    Date: 11 Dec 2015; view website »
  • Collective Redundancy Notification Act [CRNA], 24 March 1976, as subsequently amended in July 2015
    (Wet melding collectief ontslag - available only in Dutch)
    Date: 01 Jul 2015; view website »
  • Equal Treatment Act, 1994 as last amended in 2015
    (Algemene Wet Gelijke Behandeling)
    Date: 01 Jul 2015; view website »
  • Dismissal Regulations (DR)
    Date: 01 Jul 2015; view website »
Scope
Size of enterprises excluded (≤): none
Workers' categories excluded: civil/public servants; domestic workers; police; army; clergy; teachers
Remarks:
  • Sec. 2(1) ELRD


Reforms under process
There are ongoing discussions to amend the dismissal regulation, and replace the current system of judicial termination or dismissal permit from the UWV by a system whereby, after dismissal has taken place, employees will have to challenge their dismissal in Court.
(see Report on "Labour market reforms tracker" under scope of additional information)



References
NOTE: This information has changed since the previous period covered.
Remarks:
  • Collective Redundancy Notification Act [CRNA], 24 March 1976, has been amended in order to implement the European Union Directive 98/59/EC of 20 July 1998. The new rules are applicable as of March 1, 2012.
  • Civil Code [CC], Book 7, title 10 1822, as subsequently amended and updated until August 20, 2013
    (Book 7 Particular agreements,Title 7.10 Employment agreement)
    Date: 20 Aug 2013; view website »
  • Extraordinary Labour Relations Decree [ELRD], 5 October 1945 as amended up to 1990
    (Buitengewoon Besluit Arbeidsverhoudingen - available only in Dutch)
    Date: 26 Jun 1990; view website » (view in NATLEX »)
  • Dismissal Decree [DD] (1998), as amended up to 2012
    (Ontslagbesluit - available only in Dutch)
    Date: 01 Mar 2012; view website » (view in NATLEX »)
  • Collective Redundancy Notification Act [CRNA], 24 March 1976, as subsequently amended in March 2012
    (Wet melding collectief ontslag - available only in Dutch)
    Date: 01 Mar 2012; view website »
  • Equal Treatment Act, 1994 as last amended in 2012
    (Algemene Wet Gelijke Behandeling)
    Date: 01 Oct 2012; view website »
Scope
Size of enterprises excluded (≤): none
Workers' categories excluded: civil/public servants; domestic workers; police; army; clergy; teachers
Remarks:
  • Sec. 2(1) ELRD


Reforms under process
There are ongoing discussions to amend the dismissal regulation, and replace the current system of judicial termination or dismissal permit from the UWV by a system whereby, after dismissal has taken place, employees will have to challenge their dismissal in Court.
(see Report on "Labour market reforms tracker" under scope of additional information)



References
NOTE: This information has changed since the previous period covered.
Remarks:
  • Collective Redundancy Notification Act [CRNA], 24 March 1976, has been amended in order to implement the European Union Directive 98/59/EC of 20 July 1998. The new rules are applicable as of March 1, 2012.
  • Civil Code [CC], Book 7, title 10 1822, as subsequently amended and updated until April 1st, 2010
    (Book 7 Particular agreements,Title 7.10 Employment agreement)
    Date: 01 Apr 2010; view website »
  • Extraordinary Labour Relations Decree [ELRD], 5 October 1945 as amended up to 1990
    (Buitengewoon Besluit Arbeidsverhoudingen - available only in Dutch)
    Date: 26 Jun 1990; view website » (view in NATLEX »)
  • Dismissal Decree [DD] (1998), as amended up to 2012
    (Ontslagbesluit - available only in Dutch)
    Date: 01 Mar 2012; view website » (view in NATLEX »)
  • Collective Redundancy Notification Act [CRNA], 24 March 1976, as subsequently amended in March 2012
    (Wet melding collectief ontslag - available only in Dutch)
    Date: 17 Nov 2011; view website »
  • Equal Treatment Act, 1994 as last amended in 2012
    (Algemene Wet Gelijke Behandeling)
    Date: 01 Oct 2012; view website »
Scope
Size of enterprises excluded (≤): none
Workers' categories excluded: civil/public servants; domestic workers; police; army; clergy; teachers
Remarks:
  • Sec. 2(1) ELRD


Reforms under process
There are ongoing discussions to amend the dismissal regulation, and replace the current system of judicial termination or dismissal permit from the UWV by a system whereby, after dismissal has taken place, employees will have to challenge their dismissal in Court.
(see Report on "Labour market reforms tracker" under scope of additional information)

Notes / Remarks
- Amendments to the Collective Redundancy Act adopted on 17 November 2011 (Act No. 197/2011) entered into force on 1 March 2012.



References
NOTE: This information has changed since the previous period covered.
Remarks:
  • As part of anti-crisis measures, a new Act was adopted on 30 June 2010. It was designed as a temporary measure aimed at reducing youth unemployment during the crisis.
  • Civil Code [CC], Book 7, title 10 1822, as subsequently amended and updated until April 1st, 2010
    (Book 7 Particular agreements,Title 7.10 Employment agreement)
    Date: Jul 2009; view website »
  • Act of 30 June 2010, temporarily amending the Civil Code (art. 7:668a) on fixed-term contracts, effective ONLY from 9 July 2010 to 1 January 2012
    Date: 30 Jun 2010; view website »
  • Extraordinary Labour Relations Decree [ELRD], 5 October 1945 as amended up to 1990
    (Buitengewoon Besluit Arbeidsverhoudingen - available only in Dutch)
    Date: 26 Jun 1990; view website » (view in NATLEX »)
  • Dismissal Decree [DD] (1998), as amended up to 2007
    (Ontslagbesluit - available only in Dutch)
    Date: 01 Jan 2007; view website » (view in NATLEX »)
  • Collective Redundancy Notification Act [CRNA], 24 March 1976, as subsequently amended and updated until July 2009
    (Wet melding collectief ontslag - available only in Dutch); view website »
  • Equal Treatment Act, 1994 as last amended in 2004
    (Algemene Wet Gelijke Behandeling)
    Date: 09 Sep 2004; view website »
Scope
Size of enterprises excluded (≤): none
Workers' categories excluded: civil/public servants; domestic workers; police; army; clergy; teachers
Remarks:
  • Sec. 2(1) ELRD


References
NOTE: This information has changed since the previous period covered.
Remarks:
  • As part of anti-crisis measures, a new Act was adopted on 30 June 2010. It was designed as a temporary measure aimed at reducing youth unemployment during the crisis.
  • Civil Code [CC], Book 7, title 10 1822, as subsequently amended and updated until July 2009
    (Burgerlijk Wetboek, boek 7, titel 10 - available only in Dutch)
    Date: Jul 2009; view website »
  • Act of 30 June 2010, temporarily amending the Civil Code (art. 7:668a) on fixed-term contracts, effective ONLY from 9 July 2010 to 1 January 2012
    Date: 30 Jun 2010; view website »
  • Extraordinary Labour Relations Decree [ELRD], 5 October 1945 as amended up to 1990
    (Buitengewoon Besluit Arbeidsverhoudingen - available only in Dutch)
    Date: 26 Jun 1990; view website » (view in NATLEX »)
  • Dismissal Decree [DD] (1998), as amended up to 2007
    (Ontslagbesluit - available only in Dutch)
    Date: 01 Jan 2007; view website » (view in NATLEX »)
  • Collective Redundancy Notification Act [CRNA], 24 March 1976, as subsequently amended and updated until July 2009
    (Wet melding collectief ontslag - available only in Dutch); view website »
Scope
Size of enterprises excluded (≤): none
Workers' categories excluded: civil/public servants; domestic workers; police; army; clergy; teachers
Remarks:
  • Sec. 2(1) ELRD


References
  • Civil Code [CC], Book 7, title 10 1822, as subsequently amended and updated until July 2009
    (Burgerlijk Wetboek, boek 7, titel 10 - available only in Dutch)
    Date: Jul 2009; view website »
  • Extraordinary Labour Relations Decree [ELRD], 5 October 1945 as amended up to 1990
    (Buitengewoon Besluit Arbeidsverhoudingen - available only in Dutch)
    Date: 26 Jun 1990; view website » (view in NATLEX »)
  • Dismissal Decree [DD] (1998), as amended up to 2007
    (Ontslagbesluit - available only in Dutch)
    Date: 01 Jan 2007; view website » (view in NATLEX »)
  • Collective Redundancy Notification Act [CRNA], 24 March 1976, as subsequently amended and updated until July 2009
    (Wet melding collectief ontslag - available only in Dutch); view website »
Scope
Size of enterprises excluded (≤): none
Workers' categories excluded: civil/public servants; domestic workers; police; army; clergy; teachers
Remarks:
  • Sec. 2(1) ELRD