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Zambie - Voies de recours et procédure contentieuse en cas de litiges individuels


Voies de recours et procédure contentieuse en cas de litiges individuels - Zambie - 2019    

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Compensation pour licenciement injustifié - montant librement déterminé par la cour: Oui

Remarks:
  • Sec. 85A ILRA: The Industrial Relations Court may award damages or compensation for loss of employment.
    See also sec. 108 ILRA on discriminatory dismissals and 5 (5) ILRA on dismissal in connection with trade union activities.

Compensation pour licenciement injustifié - limites légales (plafond en mois ou methode de calcul définie) :
When the competent labour officer decides that the circumstances of the case do not warrant summary dismissal, the employee so dismissed in entitled to "payment of severance benefits" of not less than 2 months basic pay for each completed year of service" (MWCEGO sec. 12(3) and MWCESO: sec. 11(3)).

Possibilité de réintégration dans l'emploi: Oui

Remarks:
  • See sec. 85A ILRA and 108 ILRA.
    - Sec. 85A ILRA (general powers of the Industrial Relations Court): The Court may "make an order for reinstatement, re-employment or re-engagement".
    - Sec. 108(3)b) ILRA (discriminatory dismissals): "The Court shall, if it finds in favour of the complainant:
    a) grant to the complainant damages or compensation for loss of employment;
    b) make an order for re-employment or reinstatement in accordance with the gravity of the circumstances of each case"

Conciliation préalable obligatoire: Non

Remarks:
  • No preliminary mandatory conciliation.
    However, optional conciliation is foreseen in rule 46 of the Industrial Relations Courts Rules (annexed in the ILRA) which states that:
    "In exercising its powers under these Rules, the Court may, whether by adjourning any proceedings or otherwise, use its best endeavours to ensure that, in any case in which it appears to the Court that there is a reasonable prospect of agreement being reached between the parties, they are enabled to avail themselves of the services of conciliation officers or of other opportunities for conciliation".

Courts ou tribunaux compétents : tribunal du travail

Remarks:
  • See sec. 85 (4), 85A and 108 ILRA.
    The Industrial Relations Court has jurisdiction over matters specified under the ILRA, such as termination on the grounds of trade union membership or activity and on discriminatory grounds which shall be made within 30 days of the termination (sec. 108 ILRA).
    According to sec. 85(4), ILRA, the court also has jurisdiction to "hear and determine any dispute between any employer and an employee notwithstanding that such dispute is not connected with a collective agreement or other trade union matter". Complaints must be made within 30 days of the event complained of, unless leave is obtained (sec. 85 ILRA).

Règlement des litiges individuels par arbitrage: Non