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Viet Nam - Voies de recours et procédure contentieuse en cas de litiges individuels


Voies de recours et procédure contentieuse en cas de litiges individuels - Viet Nam - 2012    

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Compensation pour licenciement injustifié - montant librement déterminé par la cour: Non

Compensation pour licenciement injustifié - limites légales (plafond en mois ou methode de calcul définie) :
1) Compensation in lieu of reinstatement requested by the employee: severance pay + loss of wages during the absence from work caused by the dismissal + plus at least two months' wages.

2) Compensation in lieu of reinstatement requested by the employer: severance pay + loss of wages during the absence from work caused by the dismissal + plus at least two months' wages + an agreed additional amount of compensation.

3) Compensation, in addition to reinstatement: loss of wages during the absence from work caused by the dismissal + plus at least two months' wages.

Remarks:
  • Art. 41 (1) LC

Possibilité de réintégration dans l'emploi: Oui

Remarks:
  • Art. 41 (1) LC: reinstatement is mandatory unless the worker does not want to return to work.

Conciliation préalable obligatoire: Non

Remarks:
  • See art. 158, 162- 166 LC.
    Preliminary mandatory conciliation by the Labour Conciliatory Council is prescribed prior the judicial settlement of an individual labour dispute (art. 162- 165 LC) and collective disputes (art. 168-170 LC).
    However, disputes concerning disciplinary dismissal or unilateral termination of the employment contract can be settled directly by the Court without having to go trough the conciliation process. (art. 166 (2) LC).

Courts ou tribunaux compétents : juridiction ordinaire

Remarks:
  • Art. 166 LC

Règlement des litiges individuels par arbitrage: Non

Remarks:
  • Not applicable to individual labour disputes. However, compulsory arbitration is foreseen for the settlement of collective labour disputes : art. 170-172 LC.