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Tunisie - Voies de recours et procédure contentieuse en cas de litiges individuels


Voies de recours et procédure contentieuse en cas de litiges individuels - Tunisie - 2013    

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Compensation pour licenciement injustifié - montant librement déterminé par la cour: Non

Remarks:
  • See art. 23bis LC.

Compensation pour licenciement injustifié - limites légales (plafond en mois ou methode de calcul définie) :
- If the dismissal is not justified by a genuine and serious reason, compensation varies from one or two months' salary for each year of service, up to a maximum of three years' salary (art. 23bis LC).
The existence and the extent of the employee's losses are determined by the court, taking into account the worker's qualifications, his or her length of service in the firm, age, remuneration, family situation, the impact of dismissal on his or her retirement, compliance with the specified procedures and any special circumstances.

- If the dismissal is justified by a genuine and serious reason, but has been effected without observing the procedures prescribed by the law or by collective agreements, the dismissal is considered unfair (abusif"), but the amount of damages is limited to an amount between one and four months' salary (art. 23bis LC).

- The amount of damages for unfair termination of a contract of employment for a specified period corresponds to the payment due for the remaining contract period or for the remaining work left to perform (art. 24 LC).

Possibilité de réintégration dans l'emploi: Non

Remarks:
  • A worker who is unfairly dismissed cannot claim to be reinstated into the enterprise. Compensation is the only remedy for unfair dismissal (art. 23 LC).

Conciliation préalable obligatoire: Oui

Remarks:
  • Preliminary mandatory conciliation before the Labour Court (Conseil de prud'hommes): art. 207 LC.

Courts ou tribunaux compétents : tribunal du travail

Remarks:
  • A specialized labour court (Conseil de prud¿hommes) which is of tripartite composition has jurisdiction over individual labour disputes. Appeals against its decisions are heard by the ordinary Courts of Appeal (arts. 183 and 221 LC).

Règlement des litiges individuels par arbitrage: Non