Voies de recours et procédure contentieuse en cas de litiges individuels - Roumanie - 2017
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- Labour Code (Law n° 53/2003 of 24 January 2003 as amended on November 18 2016 with the Law No 220/2016, published in the Official Gazette No. 345)
Date: 18 Nov 2016; voir le site internet »
- Act No. 40/2011 of 31 March 2011 amending the Labour Code (available in Romanian only)
Date: 31 Mar 2011; voir le site internet »
- Law no. 168/1999 regarding labour disputes resolution, November 1999, as last amended in July 2007 by Law No. 261/2007
Date: 19 Jul 2007; voir le site internet »
Compensation pour licenciement injustifié - montant librement déterminé par la cour: Oui
Compensation pour licenciement injustifié - limites légales (plafond en mois ou methode de calcul définie):
If the dismissal was not well-founded or illegal, the court must invalidate it and order the employer to pay an indemnity equal to the indexed, increased or updated wages and the other entitlements the employee would have otherwise benefited from.
- Art. 80(1) (former art. 78(1)) LC.
Note that art. 78 (former art. 76) LC stipulates that a dismissal decision infringing the procedure provided for in the law shall be null and void.
Possibilité de réintégration dans l'emploi: Oui
- Art. 80(2) (former Art. 78.2) LC provides that the court may order reinstatement only if expressly requested by the employee.
The Act No. 40/2011 added a new paragraph to art. 80 LC which reads as follows: "(3) In the case in which the worker does not demand restoring the situation before the redundancy act was issued, the individual employment contract shall rightfully end at the date the court decision remains definitive and irrevocable".
Conciliation préalable obligatoire: Oui
- On the first hearing, the court is obliged to attempt to settle the dispute by conciliation (art. 76 of the Law no. 168/1999 regarding labour disputes resolution).
Courts ou tribunaux compétents: tribunal du travail
- Based on Law No. 304/2004, specialised sections or panels for settling cases regarding labour disputes and social insurance were established at the tribunals and the courts of appeal.
(The jurisdiction of those sections/panels cover dismissal cases - see art. 281 LC and Act No. 168/1999 on labour disputes resolutions)
Règlement des litiges individuels par arbitrage: Non
- The Law no. 168/1999 regarding labour disputes resolution only provides for arbitration as a mean of settlement of conflicts of interests (which do not cover dismissal cases). Dismissal cases which fall within the category of conflicts of rights are settled by the courts.
Durée de la procédure: 10 jour(s) (légal(e))
- Cases regarding labour disputes falling within the category of conflicts of rights (which cover dismissal cases) must be adjudicated according to urgent proceedings which may not exceed 10 days. Appeals against the court's decision can be lodged within 10 days form the date of the communication of the decision to the parties (arts. 74 and 80 of the Law No. 168/1999 regarding labour disputes resolution)