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Corée, République de - Voies de recours et procédure contentieuse en cas de litiges individuels


Voies de recours et procédure contentieuse en cas de litiges individuels - Corée, République de - 2012    

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Compensation pour licenciement injustifié - montant librement déterminé par la cour: Oui

Remarks:
  • Art. 28 LSA
    Art. 82 Trade Union and Labor Relation Adjustment Act (TULRAA)

Compensation pour licenciement injustifié - limites légales (plafond en mois ou methode de calcul définie) :
Damages in lieu of reinstatement should not be less than the salary the worker would have earned if he had not been dismissed.

Remarks:
  • Art. 30 (3) LSA

Possibilité de réintégration dans l'emploi: Oui

Remarks:
  • Art. 30 (1) LSA

Conciliation préalable obligatoire: Non

Remarks:
  • Preliminary conciliation is not mandatory. However, pursuant to art. 16-3 (1) of the Labor Commission Relations Act, the Labor Relations Commission may recommend conciliation or present a conciliation proposal at the request of one of the parties concerned or on its own initiative.

Courts ou tribunaux compétents : tribunal du travail

Remarks:
  • The competent body to hear and adjudicate rights and interests disputes arising out of the employment relationship, including unfair dismissals is the Labor Relations Commission. It is a quasi-judicial governmental body which is affiliated to the Ministry of Labor and composed of tripartite representatives: workers, employers and public interests.
    See art. 28 LSA, 82 TULRAA, and the Labor Relations Commission Act of 1997, as last amended in May 2007.

Règlement des litiges individuels par arbitrage: Oui

Remarks:
  • No arbitration or mediation foreseen for disputes related to the LSA, which is the main piece of legislation on dismissal.
    However, arbitration and mediation are only foreseen for disputes related to the Trade Union and Labor Relations Adjustment Act (discrimination on the grounds of trade union activities): art. 47 to 70 of the TULRAA. In such cases, arbitration and mediation can be conducted by the Labour Relations Commission or by private persons.