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Canada - Voies de recours et procédure contentieuse en cas de litiges individuels


Voies de recours et procédure contentieuse en cas de litiges individuels - Canada - 2012    

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Compensation pour licenciement injustifié - montant librement déterminé par la cour: Non

Remarks:
  • Sec. 242(4)a) CLC (see below).

Compensation pour licenciement injustifié - limites légales (plafond en mois ou methode de calcul définie):
In the event of unjust dismissal, the arbitrator may order the employer to pay compensation not exceeding the amount of money that is equivalent to the remuneration that would, but for the dismissal, have been paid by the employer to the person.

Remarks:
  • Sec. 242(4)a) CLC.
    Note that in addition, the arbitrator can also require the employer to take any similar action that is equitable to require of the employer in order to remedy or counteract any consequence of dismissal (sec. 242(4)c) CLC).

Possibilité de réintégration dans l'emploi: Oui

Remarks:
  • Sec. 242(4)b) CLC.

Conciliation préalable obligatoire: Oui

Remarks:
  • Sec. 241(2) CLC: on receipt of a complaint of unjust dismissal, the inspector shall endeavour to assist the parties to settle the
    complaint or cause another inspector to do so.

Courts ou tribunaux compétents: aucune

Remarks:
  • Arbitration is the ordinary way of settling unjust dismissal cases.
    Note: civil remedies for wrongful dismissal are not addressed here.

Règlement des litiges individuels par arbitrage: Oui

Remarks:
  • Arbitration is the ordinary way of settling unjust dismissal cases.
    - Only employees who have completed 12 consecutive months of continuous employment with the same employer, and who are not members of a group of employees subject to a collective agreement, are entitled to make a complaint for unjust dismissal (sec. 240 CLC)
    - Unjust dismissals complaints shall be first submitted to an inspector within 90 days from the date of dismissal. The inspector shall first attempt to conciliate the parties. If conciliation fails, the inspector informs the Minister of Labour who then refers the complaint to an arbitrator (adjudicator) appointed by him for decision (sec. 240(2), 241(3), 242 CLC)
    Every order of an adjudicator is final and shall not be questioned or reviewed in any court. (sec. 243(1) CLC)

Notes / Remarques
This section covers complaints of and remedies for unjust dismissal which are regulated by the CLC and does not address civil remedies for wrongful dismissal.