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Botswana - Voies de recours et procédure contentieuse en cas de litiges individuels


Voies de recours et procédure contentieuse en cas de litiges individuels - Botswana - 2018    

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Compensation pour licenciement injustifié - montant librement déterminé par la cour: Oui

Compensation pour licenciement injustifié - limites légales (plafond en mois ou methode de calcul définie):
Sec. 24(3) of the Trade Disputes Act provides that where the Industrial Court orders reinstatement, any compensation ordered shall not exceed the actual pecuniary loss suffered by the employee as a result of wrongful dismissal.

Sec. 24(4) provides that in assessing the amount of compensation to be paid, the Court may consider:
(a) the actual and future loss likely to be suffered by the employee as a result of the wrongful dismissal;
(b) the age of the employee;
(c) the prospects of the employee in finding other equivalent employment;
(d) the circumstances of the dismissal;
(e) the acceptance or rejection by either the employer or the employee of any recommendations made by the Court for the reinstatement of the employee;
(f) any contravention of the terms of any collective agreement or of any law relating to employment by the employer or the employee; or
(g) the employer's ability to pay.

Possibilité de réintégration dans l'emploi: Oui

Remarks:
  • Sec. 24 of the Trade Disputes Act provides for a number of remedies available to an employee in the case of wrongful dismissal. The Industrial Court may order reinstatement of the employee, with or without compensation, or order compensation in lieu of reinstatement (sec. 24(1)).

    The Industrial Court shall consider compulsory reinstatement in cases of wrongful dismissals if (a) the termination was found to be unlawful, or motivated on the grounds of gender, trade union membership, trade union activity, the lodging of a complaint or grievance, or religious, tribal or political affiliation or (b) the employment relationship has not irrevocably broken down (Sec. 24(2)).

Conciliation préalable obligatoire: Non

Courts ou tribunaux compétents: tribunal du travail

Remarks:
  • Competent court(s) / tribunal(s): Commissioner of Labour and Labour Court

    Sec. 7 of the Trade Disputes Act provides for the referral of disputes to the Commissioner of Labour. Sec. 7(2) provides that an employee referring a dispute concerning termination of employment shall refer the dispute within 30 days of the date of such termination.

    Sec. 24 of the Trade Disputes Act grants the Industrial Court jurisdiction to hear cases regarding the wrongful termination of contract or disciplinary action. As such, under sec. 24(1), in any case where the Court determines that an employee has been wrongfully dismissed or disciplined, the Court may, subject to its discretion to make any other order which it considers just-
    (a) in the case of wrongful dismissal, order reinstatement of the employee, with or without compensation, or order compensation in lieu of reinstatement

Règlement des litiges individuels par arbitrage: Non

Remarks:
  • Sec. 27(3) of the EA. Where a severance benefit is payable in accordance with this section, either the employer or employee may, where there is a dispute as to the amount payable, apply, within such period and in such form and manner as may be prescribed, to the nearest labour officer to determine the amount of the benefit and, where such application is made, the nearest labour officer shall forthwith proceed to determine the amount of the benefit.