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> GOUVERNANCE - page d'accueil > EPLex: une base de données sur les législations de protection de l'emploi > Niger

Niger - Voies de recours et procédure contentieuse en cas de litiges individuels


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Compensation pour licenciement injustifié - montant librement déterminé par la cour: Oui

Remarks:
  • Art. 91(2) and 92 LC: The amount of damages for unfair dismissal is fixed by the Court, in light of any circumstances establishing the existence and the extent of the harm incurred, including the local custom, the type and importance of the services rendered, the employee's seniority and age, any deductions or payments made to a retirement plan, and other established right.

    Art. 475 Implementing Decree of August 2017: The amount of damages in case of unfair dismissal of a workers' representative can reach 36 months of salary.

Possibilité de réintégration dans l'emploi: Oui

Remarks:
  • The LC does not contain any provision on reinstatement and only provides for the payment of damages in the event of unfair dismissal (Art. 91(2) LC).However, in practice, reinstatement seems to be ordered by the labour courts. See, e.g. Direct Request by the ILO Committee of Experts on the Application of Conventions and Recommendations (CEACR) on the application of Convention No. 158 (2011) [link available under "Scope of additional information"] :
    "The Government indicates that the labour tribunal has the power to declare the termination invalid and to propose reinstatement should it identify any irregularity in the grounds and procedure for termination. The Government also indicates that, if the employer rejects the request for reinstatement, it is required by law to pay the worker compensation"

    New in Sept. 2012:
    Art. 227 LC: Any dismissal of a workers' representative carried out without the prior consent of the labour inspector or despite the application for authorization being rejected /dismissed is null and void and will therefore entail reinstatement of the worker. Under the previous LC, reinstatement was not available in such cases.

    Art. 475 Implementing Decree of August 2017: Reinstatement possible in case of unfair dismissal of workers' representatives.

Conciliation préalable obligatoire: Oui

Remarks:
  • Art. 305 LC: Conciliation shall be part of the procedure before the labour court.
    In addition, before starting any judicial proceedings, the parties can resort to extra-judicial conciliation before the Labour Inspectorate (Art. 317 LC).

Courts ou tribunaux compétents : tribunal du travail

Remarks:
  • Art. 289 LC.

Règlement des litiges individuels par arbitrage: Non

Remarks:
  • In the LC, arbitration is only foreseen for the resolution of collective labour disputes.

Charge de la preuve: les deux

Remarks:
  • Economic dismissal - Art. 85 LC: In the event of litigation, the burden of proof of the economic nature of the dismissal and of the respect of the order of dismissals is the responsibility of the employer.

+ show references

Compensation pour licenciement injustifié - montant librement déterminé par la cour: Oui

Remarks:
  • Art. 91(2) and 92 LC: The amount of damages for unfair dismissal is fixed by the Court, in light of any circumstances establishing the existence and the extent of the harm incurred, including the local custom, the type and importance of the services rendered, the employee's seniority and age, any deductions or payments made to a retirement plan, and other established right.

    Art. 475 Implementing Decree of August 2017: The amount of damages in case of unfair dismissal of a workers' representative can reach 36 months of salary.

Possibilité de réintégration dans l'emploi: Oui

Remarks:
  • The LC does not contain any provision on reinstatement and only provides for the payment of damages in the event of unfair dismissal (Art. 91(2) LC).However, in practice, reinstatement seems to be ordered by the labour courts. See, e.g. Direct Request by the ILO Committee of Experts on the Application of Conventions and Recommendations (CEACR) on the application of Convention No. 158 (2011) [link available under "Scope of additional information"] :
    "The Government indicates that the labour tribunal has the power to declare the termination invalid and to propose reinstatement should it identify any irregularity in the grounds and procedure for termination. The Government also indicates that, if the employer rejects the request for reinstatement, it is required by law to pay the worker compensation"

    New in Sept. 2012:
    Art. 227 LC: Any dismissal of a workers' representative carried out without the prior consent of the labour inspector or despite the application for authorization being rejected /dismissed is null and void and will therefore entail reinstatement of the worker. Under the previous LC, reinstatement was not available in such cases.

    Art. 475 Implementing Decree of August 2017: Reinstatement possible in case of unfair dismissal of workers' representatives.

Conciliation préalable obligatoire: Oui

Remarks:
  • Art. 305 LC: Conciliation shall be part of the procedure before the labour court.
    In addition, before starting any judicial proceedings, the parties can resort to extra-judicial conciliation before the Labour Inspectorate (Art. 317 LC).

Courts ou tribunaux compétents : tribunal du travail

Remarks:
  • Art. 289 LC.

Règlement des litiges individuels par arbitrage: Non

Remarks:
  • In the LC, arbitration is only foreseen for the resolution of collective labour disputes.

Charge de la preuve: les deux

Remarks:
  • Economic dismissal - Art. 85 LC: In the event of litigation, the burden of proof of the economic nature of the dismissal and of the respect of the order of dismissals is the responsibility of the employer.

+ show references

Compensation pour licenciement injustifié - montant librement déterminé par la cour: Oui

Remarks:
  • Art. 91(2) and 92 LC: The amount of damages for unfair dismissal is fixed by the Court, in light of any circumstances establishing the existence and the extent of the harm incurred, including the local custom, the type and importance of the services rendered, the employee's seniority and age, any deductions or payments made to a retirement plan, and other established right.

    Art. 475 Implementing Decree of August 2017: The amount of damages in case of unfair dismissal of a workers' representative can reach 36 months of salary.

Possibilité de réintégration dans l'emploi: Oui

Remarks:
  • The LC does not contain any provision on reinstatement and only provides for the payment of damages in the event of unfair dismissal (Art. 91(2) LC).However, in practice, reinstatement seems to be ordered by the labour courts. See, e.g. Direct Request by the ILO Committee of Experts on the Application of Conventions and Recommendations (CEACR) on the application of Convention No. 158 (2011) [link available under "Scope of additional information"] :
    "The Government indicates that the labour tribunal has the power to declare the termination invalid and to propose reinstatement should it identify any irregularity in the grounds and procedure for termination. The Government also indicates that, if the employer rejects the request for reinstatement, it is required by law to pay the worker compensation"

    New in Sept. 2012:
    Art. 227 LC: Any dismissal of a workers' representative carried out without the prior consent of the labour inspector or despite the application for authorization being rejected /dismissed is null and void and will therefore entail reinstatement of the worker. Under the previous LC, reinstatement was not available in such cases.

    Art. 475 Implementing Decree of August 2017: Reinstatement possible in case of unfair dismissal of workers' representatives.

Conciliation préalable obligatoire: Oui

Remarks:
  • Art. 305 LC: Conciliation shall be part of the procedure before the labour court.
    In addition, before starting any judicial proceedings, the parties can resort to extra-judicial conciliation before the Labour Inspectorate (Art. 317 LC).

Courts ou tribunaux compétents : tribunal du travail

Remarks:
  • Art. 289 LC.

Règlement des litiges individuels par arbitrage: Non

Remarks:
  • In the LC, arbitration is only foreseen for the resolution of collective labour disputes.

Charge de la preuve: les deux

Remarks:
  • Economic dismissal - Art. 85 LC: In the event of litigation, the burden of proof of the economic nature of the dismissal and of the respect of the order of dismissals is the responsibility of the employer.

+ show references

Compensation pour licenciement injustifié - montant librement déterminé par la cour: Oui

Remarks:
  • Art. 91§2 and 92 LC: The amount of damages for unfair dismissal is fixed by the Court, in light of any circumstances establishing the existence and the extent of the harm incurred, including the local custom, the type and importance of the services rendered, the employee's seniority and age, any deductions or payments made to a retirement plan, and other established right.
    [Note: the article numbers have changed in the new LC but their content has remained unchanged.]

Possibilité de réintégration dans l'emploi: Non

Remarks:
  • The LC does not contain any provision on reinstatement and only provides for the payment of damages in the event of unfair dismissal (art. 91§2 LC).
    In practise, reinstatement seems to be ordered by the labour courts. See, for example the Direct Request made ILO Committee of Experts on the Application of Conventions and Recommendations (CEACR) in 2011 [link available under scope of additional information] :
    "The Government indicates that the labour tribunal has the power to declare the termination invalid and to propose reinstatement should it identify any irregularity in the grounds and procedure for termination. The Government also indicates that, if the employer rejects the request for reinstatement, it is required by law to pay the worker compensation"

    New in Sept. 2012:
    Under the new LC, any dismissal of a workers' representative carried out without the prior consent of the labour inspector or despite the application for authorization being rejected /dismissed is null and void and will therefore entail reinstatement of the worker. Under the previous LC, reinstatement was not available in such cases.

Conciliation préalable obligatoire: Oui

Remarks:
  • Art 305 new LC: conciliation shall be part of the procedure before the labour court.

    In addition, before starting any judicial proceedings, the parties can resort to extra-judicial conciliation before the Labour Inspectorate (art. 317 new LC).

Courts ou tribunaux compétents : tribunal du travail

Remarks:
  • Art. 289 new LC.

Règlement des litiges individuels par arbitrage: Non

Remarks:
  • In the LC, arbitration is only foreseen for the resolution of collective labour disputes.

+ show references

Compensation pour licenciement injustifié - montant librement déterminé par la cour: Oui

Remarks:
  • Art. 91§2 and 92 LC: The amount of damages for unfair dismissal is fixed by the Court, in light of any circumstances establishing the existence and the extent of the harm incurred, including the local custom, the type and importance of the services rendered, the employee's seniority and age, any deductions or payments made to a retirement plan, and other established right.
    [Note: the article numbers have changed in the new LC but their content has remained unchanged.]

Possibilité de réintégration dans l'emploi: Non

Remarks:
  • The LC does not contain any provision on reinstatement and only provides for the payment of damages in the event of unfair dismissal (art. 91§2 LC).
    In practise, reinstatement seems to be ordered by the labour courts. See, for example the Direct Request made ILO Committee of Experts on the Application of Conventions and Recommendations (CEACR) in 2011 [link available under scope of additional information] :
    "The Government indicates that the labour tribunal has the power to declare the termination invalid and to propose reinstatement should it identify any irregularity in the grounds and procedure for termination. The Government also indicates that, if the employer rejects the request for reinstatement, it is required by law to pay the worker compensation"

    New in Sept. 2012:
    Under the new LC, any dismissal of a workers' representative carried out without the prior consent of the labour inspector or despite the application for authorization being rejected /dismissed is null and void and will therefore entail reinstatement of the worker. Under the previous LC, reinstatement was not available in such cases.

Conciliation préalable obligatoire: Oui

Remarks:
  • Art 305 new LC: conciliation shall be part of the procedure before the labour court.

    In addition, before starting any judicial proceedings, the parties can resort to extra-judicial conciliation before the Labour Inspectorate (art. 317 new LC).

Courts ou tribunaux compétents : tribunal du travail

Remarks:
  • Art. 289 new LC.

Règlement des litiges individuels par arbitrage: Non

Remarks:
  • In the LC, arbitration is only foreseen for the resolution of collective labour disputes.

+ show references

Compensation pour licenciement injustifié - montant librement déterminé par la cour: Oui

Remarks:
  • Art. 91§2 and 92 LC: The amount of damages for unfair dismissal is fixed by the Court, in light of any circumstances establishing the existence and the extent of the harm incurred, including the local custom, the type and importance of the services rendered, the employee's seniority and age, any deductions or payments made to a retirement plan, and other established right.
    [Note: the article numbers have changed in the new LC but their content has remained unchanged.]

Possibilité de réintégration dans l'emploi: Non

Remarks:
  • The LC does not contain any provision on reinstatement and only provides for the payment of damages in the event of unfair dismissal (art. 91§2 LC).
    In practise, reinstatement seems to be ordered by the labour courts. See, for example the Direct Request made ILO Committee of Experts on the Application of Conventions and Recommendations (CEACR) in 2011 [link available under scope of additional information] :
    "The Government indicates that the labour tribunal has the power to declare the termination invalid and to propose reinstatement should it identify any irregularity in the grounds and procedure for termination. The Government also indicates that, if the employer rejects the request for reinstatement, it is required by law to pay the worker compensation"

    New in Sept. 2012:
    Under the new LC, any dismissal of a workers' representative carried out without the prior consent of the labour inspector or despite the application for authorization being rejected /dismissed is null and void and will therefore entail reinstatement of the worker. Under the previous LC, reinstatement was not available in such cases.

Conciliation préalable obligatoire: Oui

Remarks:
  • Art 305 new LC: conciliation shall be part of the procedure before the labour court.

    In addition, before starting any judicial proceedings, the parties can resort to extra-judicial conciliation before the Labour Inspectorate (art. 317 new LC).

Courts ou tribunaux compétents : tribunal du travail

Remarks:
  • Art. 289 new LC.

Règlement des litiges individuels par arbitrage: Non

Remarks:
  • In the LC, arbitration is only foreseen for the resolution of collective labour disputes.

+ show references

Compensation pour licenciement injustifié - montant librement déterminé par la cour: Oui

Remarks:
  • Art. 91§2 and 92 LC: The amount of damages for unfair dismissal is fixed by the Court, in light of any circumstances establishing the existence and the extent of the harm incurred, including the local custom, the type and importance of the services rendered, the employee's seniority and age, any deductions or payments made to a retirement plan, and other established right.
    [Note: the article numbers have changed in the new LC but their content has remained unchanged.]

Possibilité de réintégration dans l'emploi: Non

Remarks:
  • The LC does not contain any provision on reinstatement and only provides for the payment of damages in the event of unfair dismissal (art. 91§2 LC).
    In practise, reinstatement seems to be ordered by the labour courts. See, for example the Direct Request made ILO Committee of Experts on the Application of Conventions and Recommendations (CEACR) in 2011 [link available under scope of additional information] :
    "The Government indicates that the labour tribunal has the power to declare the termination invalid and to propose reinstatement should it identify any irregularity in the grounds and procedure for termination. The Government also indicates that, if the employer rejects the request for reinstatement, it is required by law to pay the worker compensation"

    New in Sept. 2012:
    Under the new LC, any dismissal of a workers' representative carried out without the prior consent of the labour inspector or despite the application for authorization being rejected /dismissed is null and void and will therefore entail reinstatement of the worker. Under the previous LC, reinstatement was not available in such cases.

Conciliation préalable obligatoire: Oui

Remarks:
  • Art 305 new LC: conciliation shall be part of the procedure before the labour court.

    In addition, before starting any judicial proceedings, the parties can resort to extra-judicial conciliation before the Labour Inspectorate (art. 317 new LC).

Courts ou tribunaux compétents : tribunal du travail

Remarks:
  • Art. 289 new LC.

Règlement des litiges individuels par arbitrage: Non

Remarks:
  • In the LC, arbitration is only foreseen for the resolution of collective labour disputes.

+ show references

Compensation pour licenciement injustifié - montant librement déterminé par la cour: Oui

Remarks:
  • Art. 91§2 and 92 LC: The amount of damages for unfair dismissal is fixed by the Court, in light of any circumstances establishing the existence and the extent of the harm incurred, including the local custom, the type and importance of the services rendered, the employee's seniority and age, any deductions or payments made to a retirement plan, and other established right.
    [Note: the article numbers have changed in the new LC but their content has remained unchanged.]

Possibilité de réintégration dans l'emploi: Non

NOTE: This information has changed since the previous period covered.
Remarks:
  • The LC does not contain any provision on reinstatement and only provides for the payment of damages in the event of unfair dismissal (art. 91§2 LC).
    In practise, reinstatement seems to be ordered by the labour courts. See, for example the Direct Request made ILO Committee of Experts on the Application of Conventions and Recommendations (CEACR) in 2011 [link available under scope of additional information] :
    "The Government indicates that the labour tribunal has the power to declare the termination invalid and to propose reinstatement should it identify any irregularity in the grounds and procedure for termination. The Government also indicates that, if the employer rejects the request for reinstatement, it is required by law to pay the worker compensation"

    New in Sept. 2012:
    Under the new LC, any dismissal of a workers' representative carried out without the prior consent of the labour inspector or despite the application for authorization being rejected /dismissed is null and void and will therefore entail reinstatement of the worker. Under the previous LC, reinstatement was not available in such cases.

Conciliation préalable obligatoire: Oui

Remarks:
  • Art 305 new LC: conciliation shall be part of the procedure before the labour court.

    In addition, before starting any judicial proceedings, the parties can resort to extra-judicial conciliation before the Labour Inspectorate (art. 317 new LC).

Courts ou tribunaux compétents : tribunal du travail

Remarks:
  • Art. 289 new LC.

Règlement des litiges individuels par arbitrage: Non

Remarks:
  • In the LC, arbitration is only foreseen for the resolution of collective labour disputes.

+ show references

Compensation pour licenciement injustifié - montant librement déterminé par la cour: Oui

Remarks:
  • Art. 84 §2 and 85 LC: The amount of damages for unfair dismissal is fixed by the Court, in light of any circumstances establishing the existence and the extent of the harm incurred, including the local custom, the type and importance of the services rendered, the employee's seniority and age, any deductions or payments made to a retirement plan, and other established right.

Possibilité de réintégration dans l'emploi: Non

Remarks:
  • The LC does not contain any provision on reinstatement and only provides for the payment of damages in the event of unfair dismissal (art. 84§2 LC).

    In practise, reinstatement is however ordered by the labour court. See, for example the Direct Request made ILO Committee of Experts on the Application of Conventions and Recommendations (CEACR) in 2011 [link available under scope of additional information] :
    "The Government indicates that the labour tribunal has the power to declare the termination invalid and to propose reinstatement should it identify any irregularity in the grounds and procedure for termination. The Government also indicates that, if the employer rejects the request for reinstatement, it is required by law to pay the worker compensation"

Conciliation préalable obligatoire: Oui

Remarks:
  • Art. 294 LC: conciliation shall be part of the procedure before the labour court.

    In addition, before starting any judicial proceedings, the parties can resort to extra-judicial conciliation before the Labour Inspectorate (art. 306 LC).

Courts ou tribunaux compétents : tribunal du travail

Remarks:
  • Art. 278 LC

Règlement des litiges individuels par arbitrage: Non

Remarks:
  • In the LC, Arbitration is only foreseen for the resolution of collective labour disputes.

+ show references

Compensation pour licenciement injustifié - montant librement déterminé par la cour: Oui

Remarks:
  • Art. 84 §2 and 85 LC: The amount of damages for unfair dismissal is fixed by the Court, in light of any circumstances establishing the existence and the extent of the harm incurred, including the local custom, the type and importance of the services rendered, the employee's seniority and age, any deductions or payments made to a retirement plan, and other established right.

Possibilité de réintégration dans l'emploi: Non

Remarks:
  • Damages are the only remedy available for unfair dismissal.

Conciliation préalable obligatoire: Oui

Remarks:
  • Art. 294 LC: conciliation shall be part of the procedure before the labour court.

    In addition, before starting any judicial proceedings, the parties can resort to extra-judicial conciliation before the Labour Inspectorate (art. 306 LC).

Courts ou tribunaux compétents : tribunal du travail

Remarks:
  • Art. 278 LC

Règlement des litiges individuels par arbitrage: Non

Remarks:
  • In the LC, Arbitration is only foreseen for the resolution of collective labour disputes.

+ show references

Compensation pour licenciement injustifié - montant librement déterminé par la cour: Oui

Remarks:
  • Art. 84 §2 and 85 LC: The amount of damages for unfair dismissal is fixed by the Court, in light of any circumstances establishing the existence and the extent of the harm incurred, including the local custom, the type and importance of the services rendered, the employee's seniority and age, any deductions or payments made to a retirement plan, and other established right.

Possibilité de réintégration dans l'emploi: Non

Remarks:
  • Damages are the only remedy available for unfair dismissal.

Conciliation préalable obligatoire: Oui

Remarks:
  • Art. 294 LC: conciliation shall be part of the procedure before the labour court.

    In addition, before starting any judicial proceedings, the parties can resort to extra-judicial conciliation before the Labour Inspectorate (art. 306 LC).

Courts ou tribunaux compétents : tribunal du travail

Remarks:
  • Art. 278 LC

Règlement des litiges individuels par arbitrage: Non

Remarks:
  • In the LC, Arbitration is only foreseen for the resolution of collective labour disputes.