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Suisse - Voies de recours et procédure contentieuse en cas de litiges individuels


Voies de recours et procédure contentieuse en cas de litiges individuels - Suisse - 2019    

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Compensation pour licenciement injustifié - montant librement déterminé par la cour: Non

Compensation for unfair dismissal - Are there legal limits?:

Remarks:
  • Art. 336a CO provides that
    1. A party who terminates the employment relationship unlawfully shall pay a compensation to the other party.
    2. The court shall determine the compensation taking due account of all the circumstances, though the compensation shall not exceed an amount equivalent to six months' salary for the employee. (...)
    3. Where termination is unlawful pursuant to Article 336 paragraph 2 letter c (i.e. in the context of collective dismissals where the prior consultation procedure has not been respected), compensation may not exceed two months' salary for the employee.

Compensation pour licenciement injustifié - limites légales (plafond en mois ou methode de calcul définie):

Remarks:
  • 1) Unfair dismissals (for ordinary dismissals):
    Art. 336a CO (see above).

    2) For dismissals with immediate effect in the absence of fair reason:
    Art. 337c CO provides that where the employer dismisses the employee with immediate effect without good cause, the employee is entitled to damages in the amount he would have earned had the employment relationship ended after the required notice period or on expiry of its agreed duration. The court may order the employer to pay the employee an amount of compensation determined at the court's discretion taking due account of all circumstances; however, compensation may not exceed the equivalent of six months' salary for the employee.

Possibilité de réintégration dans l'emploi: Non

Conciliation préalable obligatoire: Non

Courts ou tribunaux compétents: juridiction ordinaire; tribunal du travail

Remarks:
  • Art. 34 du Code de procédure civile (2008)

Règlement des litiges individuels par arbitrage: Oui