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Serbia - Vías de recurso y procedimientos contenciosos en casos de litigios individuales


Vías de recurso y procedimientos contenciosos en casos de litigios individuales - Serbia - 2017    

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Compensación por despido injustificado - libre determinación de la Corte: No

Remarks:
  • Art. 191 LL.

Compensación por despido injustificado - límites legales (techo calculado en meses o método de calculo):
Damages in lieu of reinstatement:
- max. 18 months' salary when the employee does not wish to be reinstated or
- max. 36 months upon request or the employer or when case the existing circumstances suggest that the continuation of labor relations is not possible.

Remarks:
  • Art. 191, §§ 4-5 LL.

Posibilidad de readmisión:

Remarks:
  • Art. 191 §§ 1-2 LL.
    Note that, when reinstatement is ordered, the employer shall also pay compensation for the lost salary and other emoluments which the employee is legally entitled to.

Corte o Tribunal competente: jurisdicción ordinaria

Remarks:
  • Art. 21 of the Law on Organization of Courts (2002): the municipal court has jurisdiction to hear termination of employment disputes at first instance.

Arbitraje:

Remarks:
  • Termination of employment disputes can be settled through arbitration: Art. 194 LL and art. 30 Act on Peaceful settlement of Labour Disputes.

Duración del procedimiento: 6 mes(es) (legal)

Remarks:
  • Art. 195 LL.
    * The legal proceedings may be initiated 30 days after the decision has been served to the employee.
    * The dispute before the court shall be terminated 6 months after initiation of the proceedings at the latest.
    * In case of amicable settlement through arbitration, the decision shall be passed within 10 days :art. 194 LL.