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Viet Nam - Vías de recurso y procedimientos contenciosos en casos de litigios individuales


Vías de recurso y procedimientos contenciosos en casos de litigios individuales - Viet Nam - 2012    

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Compensación por despido injustificado - libre determinación de la Corte: No

Compensación por despido injustificado - límites legales (techo calculado en meses o método de calculo) :
1) Compensation in lieu of reinstatement requested by the employee: severance pay + loss of wages during the absence from work caused by the dismissal + plus at least two months' wages.

2) Compensation in lieu of reinstatement requested by the employer: severance pay + loss of wages during the absence from work caused by the dismissal + plus at least two months' wages + an agreed additional amount of compensation.

3) Compensation, in addition to reinstatement: loss of wages during the absence from work caused by the dismissal + plus at least two months' wages.

Remarks:
  • Art. 41 (1) LC

Posibilidad de readmisión:

Remarks:
  • Art. 41 (1) LC: reinstatement is mandatory unless the worker does not want to return to work.

Conciliación previa obligatoria: No

Remarks:
  • See art. 158, 162- 166 LC.
    Preliminary mandatory conciliation by the Labour Conciliatory Council is prescribed prior the judicial settlement of an individual labour dispute (art. 162- 165 LC) and collective disputes (art. 168-170 LC).
    However, disputes concerning disciplinary dismissal or unilateral termination of the employment contract can be settled directly by the Court without having to go trough the conciliation process. (art. 166 (2) LC).

Corte o Tribunal competente : jurisdicción ordinaria

Remarks:
  • Art. 166 LC

Arbitraje: No

Remarks:
  • Not applicable to individual labour disputes. However, compulsory arbitration is foreseen for the settlement of collective labour disputes : art. 170-172 LC.