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Finlandia - Vías de recurso y procedimientos contenciosos en casos de litigios individuales


Vías de recurso y procedimientos contenciosos en casos de litigios individuales - Finlandia - 2019    

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Compensación por despido injustificado - libre determinación de la Corte: No

Remarks:
  • See: sec. 2, chap. 12 ECA.

Compensación por despido injustificado - límites legales (techo calculado en meses o método de calculo):
* Groundless termination of employment: min. 3 months' pay and max. 24 months' pay.

* Failure to observe the procedural requirements applicable to economic dismissal: max. 30 000 EUR.

Remarks:
  • * Compensation for groundless termination of employment: sec. 2, chap. 12 ECA.
    The minimum amount of 3 months is not applicable to dismissals based on financial and production-related grounds or a reorganization procedure.
    For shop stewards and elected representatives, the maximum amount is 30 months' pay.

    In cases of discriminatory terminations, the compensation which would have been received for the same infraction under the Non-Discrimination Act (1325/2014) must be taken into account, when determining the compensation received. (According to sec. 24 of the Non-Discrimination Act, the compensation must be equitably proportionate to the severity of the act, taking into account the type, extent and duration of the infringement but also attempts of the offender to preclude or remove the consequences of the actions).

    In case the former employee has received unemployment allowances before being granted the compensation payment, up to 75% of these allowances payment can be deducted from the final sum, sec. 3, chap. 12 ECA.


    * Failure to observe the procedural requirements applicable to economic dismissal: sec. 62 ACU.

Posibilidad de readmisión: No

Conciliación previa obligatoria: No

Remarks:
  • No statutory provision found.

Corte o Tribunal competente: jurisdicción ordinaria

Remarks:
  • In Finland, individual labour disputes over rights are heard by ordinary courts as apposed to disputes connected with collective agreements which are dealt with by labour courts. (See Act on the Labour Court 646/19974)

Arbitraje: No

Remarks:
  • No statutory provision found.