ILO is a specialized agency of the United Nations
ILO-en-strap
Go to the home page
Site map | Contact us français | español
> GOVERNANCE - home > Employment protection legislation database - EPLex

Avenues for redress (penalties, remedies) and litigation procedure for individual complaints


Jordan - 2019    

+ show references

Compensation for unfair dismissal - free determination by court: No

Compensation for unfair dismissal - Legal limits (ceiling in months or calculation method):
Compensation following any dismissal which is arbitrary and violates the provisions of the LL shall be half of the monthly remuneration for each year of service provided that the amount shall not be less than the worker's remuneration for two months, in addition to compensation in lieu of notice and other entitlements stipulated in the law (including the end of service termination).

Reinstatement available: Yes

Preliminary mandatory conciliation: No

Competent court(s) / tribunal(s): ordinary courts

Existing arbitration: No

Length of procedure: 3 month(s) (statutory)

Saudi Arabia - 2017    

+ show references

Compensation for unfair dismissal - free determination by court: Yes

Reinstatement available: Yes

Preliminary mandatory conciliation: Yes

Competent court(s) / tribunal(s): labour court

Existing arbitration: Yes

Syrian Arab Republic - 2013    

+ show references

Compensation for unfair dismissal - free determination by court: No

Compensation for unfair dismissal - Legal limits (ceiling in months or calculation method):
1) Dismissal based on prohibited reasons:
If the court deems that reinstatement is impossible, unpractical or inappropriate, it shall order compensation equal to 2 months' wages for each year in service, provided that the total amount does not exceed 200 times the minimum wage.

2) Unfair disciplinary dismissal:
When the employer fails to prove that the worker committed any of the acts entailing summary dismissal referred to in art. 64, the worker is entitled to compensation equal to 2 months' wages for each year of service, provided that the total amount does not exceed 150 times the minimum wage.

Reinstatement available: Yes

Preliminary mandatory conciliation: No

Competent court(s) / tribunal(s): labour court

Existing arbitration: Yes

Notes / Remarks
In June 2013, the minimum wage in Syria is around SYP 9765 (around 152 USD) [Source: Doing Business - World Bank]

United Arab Emirates - 2013    

+ show references

Compensation for unfair dismissal - free determination by court: No

Compensation for unfair dismissal - Legal limits (ceiling in months or calculation method):
Maximum 3 months' wages calculated on the basis of the worker's last wages.

Reinstatement available: No

Preliminary mandatory conciliation: Yes

Competent court(s) / tribunal(s): ordinary courts

Existing arbitration: No

Length of procedure: 1 year(s)

Yemen - 2013    

+ show references

Compensation for unfair dismissal - free determination by court: No

Compensation for unfair dismissal - Legal limits (ceiling in months or calculation method):
Max. 6 months' wages in the event of arbitrary dismissal.

Reinstatement available: No

Preliminary mandatory conciliation: Yes

Competent court(s) / tribunal(s): labour court

Existing arbitration: Yes

Length of procedure: 40 day(s) (statutory)