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> GOVERNANCE - home > Employment protection legislation database - EPLex > Rwanda

Rwanda - Avenues for redress (penalties, remedies) and litigation procedure for individual complaints


Avenues for redress (penalties, remedies) and litigation procedure for individual complaints - Rwanda - 2013    

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Compensation for unfair dismissal - free determination by court: No

Remarks:
  • Art. 33 LL.

Compensation for unfair dismissal - Legal limits (ceiling in months or calculation method):
- Workers with up to 10 years of service:
Not less than 3 months' salary and up to a maximum of 6 months' salary.

- Workers with over 10 years of service:
Not less than 3 months' salary and up to a maximum of 9 months' salary.

- Trade union and staff representatives (regardless of seniority) :
Not less than 3 months' salary and up to a maximum of 9 months' salary.

Remarks:
  • Art. 33 LL.

Reinstatement available: No

Preliminary mandatory conciliation: Yes

Remarks:
  • Art. 140 LL:
    When an individual labour dispute arises, the concerned party shall request the workers' delegates (staff representative) to settle it amicably.
    - In case the dispute is not settled, it shall be referred to the Labour Inspector for an out-of-court settlement.
    - When conciliation efforts fail, the dispute may be taken before the competent court.
    - If the above mentioned steps have not been followed, the court may declare the claim inadmissible.

Competent court(s) / tribunal(s): ordinary courts

Existing arbitration: Yes

Remarks:
  • Only for collective labour disputes (arts. 144-150 LL)