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> GOVERNANCE - home > Employment protection legislation database - EPLex > Jordan

Jordan - Avenues for redress (penalties, remedies) and litigation procedure for individual complaints


Avenues for redress (penalties, remedies) and litigation procedure for individual complaints - Jordan - 2019    

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Compensation for unfair dismissal - free determination by court: No

Remarks:
  • Art. 25 LL sets out legal limits on the compensation to be paid to the employee in the event of arbitrary dismissal (see below).
    As amended in 2010, Article 25 LL provides that “If a worker institutes judicial proceedings within 60 days of his dismissal, and the competent court finds the dismissal arbitrary and in violation of the provisions of this Code, the court may order the employer to reinstate the worker in his former job or pay him compensation equal to half of the monthly remuneration for each year of service provided that the amount shall not be less than the worker's remuneration for two months, in addition to compensation in lieu of notice and other entitlements stipulated in sections 32 and 33 of this Code, and the compensation shall be calculated on the basis of the last remuneration he received.”

Compensation for unfair dismissal - Legal limits (ceiling in months or calculation method):
Compensation following any dismissal which is arbitrary and violates the provisions of the LL shall be half of the monthly remuneration for each year of service provided that the amount shall not be less than the worker's remuneration for two months, in addition to compensation in lieu of notice and other entitlements stipulated in the law (including the end of service termination).

Remarks:
  • Art. 25, as amended in 2010 LL.
    New in 2010: prior to the 2010 amendment, compensation was set as follows: at least 3 months' wages but not more than 6 months' wages.

Reinstatement available: Yes

Remarks:
  • Art. 25 LL: remedy for arbitrary and unlawful dismissal shall be either reinstatement or compensation.

Preliminary mandatory conciliation: No

Remarks:
  • No statutory provision found in the legislation reviewed.
    Preliminary conciliation is only foreseen in the settlement of collective labour disputes (see art. 120-123 LL)

Competent court(s) / tribunal(s): ordinary courts

Remarks:
  • Art. 137 A) LL: The Magistrate Court (ordinary civil court) exercises jurisdiction over individual labour disputes with the exception of disputes related to wages in the areas where there is no "Remuneration Authority".

    Under the Jordanian labour disputes settlement system, the labour court is an ad hoc organ, constituted by three regular judges delegated by the judicial council for this purpose upon the requirement of the minister of labour. It is only competent to hear collective labour disputes, and will do so if the conciliation board has failed to settle the case (art. 124 LL).

Existing arbitration: No

Remarks:
  • No statutory provision found in the legislation reviewed.

Length of procedure: 3 month(s) (statutory)

Remarks:
  • Art. 137 A) LL: the settlement of the case shall be made within three months as from the day it has been referred to the Court.
    Appeal shall be lodged within 10 days and decided by the Court of appeal within 30 days. (art. 137 B) LL)