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Indonesia - Avenues for redress (penalties, remedies) and litigation procedure for individual complaints


Avenues for redress (penalties, remedies) and litigation procedure for individual complaints - Indonesia - 2019    

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Compensation for unfair dismissal - free determination by court: No

Remarks:
  • No compensation foreseen in the MA.
    A ruling of unfair dismissal entails reinstatement. (see art. 170 MA, also art. 153 (2) on dismissal based on prohibited grounds)

Reinstatement available: Yes

Remarks:
  • Art. 153 (2) MA: any termination based on prohibited grounds shall be declared null and void. The employer must then reemploy the affected worker.

Preliminary mandatory conciliation: Yes

Remarks:
  • Pursuant to Act No. 2 of 2004 concerning Industrial relations settlements, the parties must first attempt to settle their dispute trough bipartite negotiations, and if negotiations fail, through conciliation or mediation before the dispute can go to the Industrial Relations Court.

Competent court(s) / tribunal(s): labour court

Remarks:
  • Pursuant to Act No. 2 of 2004 concerning Industrial relations settlements, the Industrial Relation Court is competent if the parties did not reach any agreement through negotiations, conciliation or mediation.

Existing arbitration: Yes

Remarks:
  • Pursuant to Act No. 2 of 2004 concerning Industrial relations settlements, the Industrial Relation Court is competent if the parties did not reach any agreement through negotiations, conciliation or mediation.

Length of procedure: 50 day(s) (statutory)

Remarks:
  • The Industrial Relations Court (IRC) must issue a verdict within 50 days as of the date of the first court session (art. 103 IRDSA).
    An appeal can be lodged before the Supreme Court IRC decision within 7 days, which should issue its decision within 20 days (art.115 IRSDA).

    Note that the prior bipartite negotiations and conciliation/mediation shall be carried out within 30 days each.