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> GOVERNANCE - home > Employment protection legislation database - EPLex > Ethiopia

Ethiopia - Avenues for redress (penalties, remedies) and litigation procedure for individual complaints

Avenues for redress (penalties, remedies) and litigation procedure for individual complaints - Ethiopia - 2013    

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Compensation for unfair dismissal - free determination by court: No

  • Art. 43(4) LP.

Compensation for unfair dismissal - Legal limits (ceiling in months or calculation method):
* Contract of an indefinite period:
180 times the daily pay (6 months' wages) and a sum equal to the remuneration for the appropriate notice period.
* Fixed-term contract:
A sum equal to the wages the worker would have earned until the lawful end of his contract provided it does not exceed 180 days' wages.

  • Art. 43(4) LP.

Reinstatement available: Yes

  • Art. 43 LP.
    Reinstatement is mandatory in case of unfair dismissal. However, when dismissal is unlawful, the court may award compensation in lieu of reinstatement if it believes that the continuation of the employment relationship will give rise to serious difficulties.

Preliminary mandatory conciliation: No

Competent court(s) / tribunal(s): labour court

  • The labour division of the regional first instance court has jurisdiction over claims related to termination of employment: art. 138 1) a) LP.

Existing arbitration: No

Length of procedure: 60 day(s) (statutory)

  • The legislation foresees statutory time frames for adjudicating the case (Art. 138 and 139 LP)
    * First instance court decision: 60 days from the date the complaint was registered.
    * Appeal should be lodged within 30 days from the first instance decision and the appeal decision should be delivered within 60 days from the date of the appeal.