ILO is a specialized agency of the United Nations
ILO-en-strap
Go to the home page
Site map | Contact us franšais | español
> GOVERNANCE - home > Employment protection legislation database - EPLex > Egypt

Egypt - Avenues for redress (penalties, remedies) and litigation procedure for individual complaints


Avenues for redress (penalties, remedies) and litigation procedure for individual complaints - Egypt - 2017    

+ show references

Compensation for unfair dismissal - free determination by court: No

Remarks:
  • See art. 122 LC.

Compensation for unfair dismissal - Legal limits (ceiling in months or calculation method):
Not less than two months' wage for each year of service.

Remarks:
  • Art. 122 LL.

Reinstatement available: Yes

Remarks:
  • Reinstatement is only available in the following cases:
    - If the Labour Court rejects the employer's request to dismiss an employee on disciplinary grounds (listed in art. 69 LL), it will order the employer to reinstate the worker and pay him back wages. However, if the employer does not follow the court's decision, the dismissal is deemed as an unjustified dismissal and the worker is allowed financial compensation as provided in art. 122 LL (art. 71 LL, as amended in 2008).
    - If the court considers that the employer requests the dismissal of a worker because of his or her trade union activities, it will order the employer to reinstate the worker if so requested by the worker (art. 71 LL, as amended in 2008).

    In any other cases, unjustified termination by employer will only give right to compensation (art. 122 LL).

Preliminary mandatory conciliation: Yes

Remarks:
  • If an individual dispute on the application of the LL arises, it shall first be brought to tripartite body (consisting in representatives of the competent administrative administration, of the employer and of the trade union) for amicable settlement.

Competent court(s) / tribunal(s): labour court

Remarks:
  • See art. 70 and 71 LL as amended in 2008. Since 2008, the Committee in charge of settling individual labour disputes has been replaced by the Labour Court.

Existing arbitration: No

Remarks:
  • No provision found in the legislation reviewed.