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> GOVERNANCE - home > Employment protection legislation database - EPLex > Switzerland

Switzerland - Avenues for redress (penalties, remedies) and litigation procedure for individual complaints


Avenues for redress (penalties, remedies) and litigation procedure for individual complaints - Switzerland - 2013    

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Compensation for unfair dismissal - free determination by court: No

Compensation for unfair dismissal - Legal limits (ceiling in months or calculation method):
1) Ordinary dismissal constituting an abuse of rights:
- Compensation awarded by the judge cannot exceed 6 months' wages.
2) Dismissal with immediate effect, when there is no fair reason:
- In addition to the amount the worker would have earned if the notice period had been observed, the judge may award compensation which cannot exceed 6 months' wages.

Remarks:
  • 1) Ordinary dismissals constituting an abuse of rights:
    Art. 336a (1) and (2) CO. The amount of compensation must be assessed according to the rules of law and equity, in accordance with Art. 4 of the Civil Code (CC).
    2) Dismissals with immediate effect in the absence of fair reason: art. 337c CO.

Reinstatement available: No

Preliminary mandatory conciliation: No

Competent court(s) / tribunal(s): ordinary courts; labour court

Remarks:
  • According to Art. 343 CO, the procedure is to be conducted at a cantonal level. Depending on the canton, cases are either heard by a civil court or by a labour court.

Existing arbitration: Yes