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> GOVERNANCE - home > Employment protection legislation database - EPLex > Central African Republic

Central African Republic - Avenues for redress (penalties, remedies) and litigation procedure for individual complaints


Avenues for redress (penalties, remedies) and litigation procedure for individual complaints - Central African Republic - 2019    

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Compensation for unfair dismissal - free determination by court: Yes

Remarks:
  • Art. 156 LC: The amount of damages for unfair dismissal is fixed by the Court, in light of any circumstances establishing the existence and the extent of the harm incurred, including the local custom, the type and importance of the services rendered, the employee's seniority and age, any deductions or payments made to a retirement plan, and other established rights.

Reinstatement available: Yes

Remarks:
  • Art. 144 (2) LC: Reinstatement is the primary remedy in the event of unjustified dismissal.
    Art. 144 LC reads as follows: "Les licenciements prononcés par l’employeur dont les motifs ne sont pas réels et sérieux ne sont nuls et de nul effet. En cas de licenciement injustifié, si l’annulation de celui-ci et ou la réintégration du travailleur ne sont pas possibles, l’employeur est tenu de verser au travailleur en sus des droits légaux, des dommages- intérêts."

Preliminary mandatory conciliation: Yes

Remarks:
  • Art. 346 LC: preliminary conciliation

Competent court(s) / tribunal(s): labour court

Remarks:
  • Art. 354 LC: Labour tribunals (Tribunaux du Travail) have jurisdiction over individual labour disputes arising from the employment contract, labour conditions, hygiene and safety conditions, social security regime.

Existing arbitration: No

Remarks:
  • No arbitration for individual disputes.
    Arbitration can only be used for the settlement of collective labour disputes (art. 380 to 396 LC).