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> GOVERNANCE - home > Employment protection legislation database - EPLex > Bulgaria

Bulgaria - Avenues for redress (penalties, remedies) and litigation procedure for individual complaints


Avenues for redress (penalties, remedies) and litigation procedure for individual complaints - Bulgaria - 2016    

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Compensation for unfair dismissal - free determination by court: No

Remarks:
  • Art. 225 (1) LC

Compensation for unfair dismissal - Legal limits (ceiling in months or calculation method):
Compensation for unlawful dismissal shall amount to the employer's gross remuneration for the period of unemployment caused by the dismissal but not for more than 6 months.

Remarks:
  • Art. 225 (1) LC

Reinstatement available: Yes

Remarks:
  • Art. 344 (1) LC. Right of the employee to demand reinstatement.

Preliminary mandatory conciliation: No

Competent court(s) / tribunal(s): ordinary courts

Remarks:
  • Art. 344 (4) LC refers to district and regional courts.

Existing arbitration: No

Length of procedure: 3 month(s) (statutory)

Remarks:
  • 3 months is the statutory timeframe for the first instance decision.

    Art. 344 (4) provides for a mandatory timeframe for consideration of labour disputes by the courts:
    * within 3 months following the receipt of the claim for the district court and;
    * within 1 month following the receipt of appeal by the regional court.

    Note: The action relating to termination of employment should be brought within 2 months as from the date of termination (art. 358 (1) LC).