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> GOVERNANCE - home > Employment protection legislation database - EPLex > Argentina

Argentina - Avenues for redress (penalties, remedies) and litigation procedure for individual complaints


Avenues for redress (penalties, remedies) and litigation procedure for individual complaints - Argentina - 2018    

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Compensation for unfair dismissal - free determination by court: No

Compensation for unfair dismissal - Legal limits (ceiling in months or calculation method):
An employer who orders a worker's dismissal without good cause must pay the worker compensation equal to: one month's wages for every year of service and every fraction of a year greater than three months, taking as a basis for the calculation the highest monthly remuneration normally and regularly received during the last year or during the period for which the services were performed, whichever is less.

Remarks:
  • Art. 245 LCL

Reinstatement available: No

Preliminary mandatory conciliation: Yes

Remarks:
  • Mandatory conciliation is foreseen in Art. 1 of Act 24.635 (Ley Nº 24.635 - Procedimiento laboral. Conciliación obligatoria previa. Modificación de la ley 18.345)

    Act available at:
    http://servicios.infoleg.gob.ar/infolegInternet/anexos/35000-39999/36739/norma.htm

Competent court(s) / tribunal(s): labour court

Remarks:
  • Art. 20, Organization and Procedures of National labour Justice, Act No. 18.345.

Existing arbitration: Yes

Remarks:
  • Voluntary arbitration is foreseen in Art. 28 of Act 24.635 when mandatory conciliation fails (Ley Nº 24.635 - Procedimiento laboral. Conciliación obligatoria previa. Modificación de la ley 18.345)

    Act available at:
    http://servicios.infoleg.gob.ar/infolegInternet/anexos/35000-39999/36739/norma.htm

    See also Article 149ff Ley Nacional de Empleo (Ley 18.435)