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> GOVERNANCE - home > Employment protection legislation database - EPLex > Japan

Japan - Avenues for redress (penalties, remedies) and litigation procedure for individual complaints


Avenues for redress (penalties, remedies) and litigation procedure for individual complaints - Japan - 2018    

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Compensation for unfair dismissal - free determination by court: No

Compensation for unfair dismissal - Legal limits (ceiling in months or calculation method):
Unjustified dismissals are null and void. Consequently, if a dismissal is held to be unjustified, the employment relationship will always continue. The employee will only be entitled to receive his or her normal wages for the period between the dismissal and the reinstatement.

Reinstatement available: Yes

Preliminary mandatory conciliation: Yes

Competent court(s) / tribunal(s): ordinary courts; labour court

Existing arbitration: Yes